The Australia-China Chamber of Commerce and Industry
of New South Wales







Last updated: 9 January 2016



Bank for International Settlements

Financial Action Task Force

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

International Criminal Court

International Labour Organisation

International Monetary Fund


Organisation for Economic Development and Cooperation

United Nations

World Bank

World Trade Organisation


Links to most recent are at the top of each section.



Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

Stepping Out of the Shadow of the Crisis: Three Transitions for the World Economy,
Speech by Jaime Caruana, General Manager, BIS on the occasion of the Bank’s Annual General Meeting in Basel on 29 June 2014.  Available at: http://www.bis.org/speeches/sp140629.pdf

84th BIS Annual Report, 2014/2014, 29 June 2014.  Available at: http://www.bis.org/publ/arpdf/ar2014e.htm.





Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

Note that the FATF was established by the G7 Summit in Paris in 1989 in response to mounting concerns over money laundering.

President’s Summary of Outcomes from Experts’ Meeting on Corruption, by FATF, 12 October.  Available at: http://www.fatf-gafi.org/media/fatf/documents/statements/Corruption-Expert-meeting-Oct-2013.pdf.

G20 Support for FATF’s Work on Fighting Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing, by FATF, 23 July 2013.  Available at: http://www.fatf-gafi.org/documents/documents/g20-communique-july-2013.html. 

Russia’s Financial Police State, by Clifford G Gaddy and William Partlett, The National Interest 19 July 2013.  Available at: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/russias-financial-police-state-8746.  The authors describe FATF as the “paradigmatic soft-law regulatory body” (soft because it does not have a binding effect).  They then note that the presidency of FATF passes to Vladimir Putin this year and, so they believe, he must have though Christmas came early, with the objectives of making FATF a special global financial-surveillance agency.

International Standards on Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism and Proliferation – the FATF Recommendations, by FATF, 16 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.fatf-gafi.org/topics/fatfrecommendations/documents/internationalstandardsoncombatingmoneylaunderingandthefinancingofterrorismproliferation-thefatfrecommendations.html.




Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Climate Change 2014: Fifth Assessment Synthesis Report, also known as AR5, consists of three Working Group reports and a Synthesis Report, 1 November 2014.  Available at: http://www.ipcc.ch/.  Commentary by J. P., “Why Scientists Are (Almost) Certain That Climate Change Is Man-Made,” The Economist, 2 November 2014.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2014/11/economist-explains?fsrc=nlw|newe|3-11-2014|.

Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change, Working Group III, April 2014 in Berlin.  Available at: http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg3/.  

Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, Working Group II, 30 March 2014 in Yokohama. “Summary for Policy Makers” and “Full Draft Report” are available at: http://www.ipcc.ch/.  Commentary is available at: http://www.smh.com.au/comment/no-need-for-extra-fear-in-climate-change-report-20140331-zqp2c.html.

Climate Change2013: The Physical Science Basis, Twelfth Session of Working Group I, 23-26 September in Stockholm. “Summary for Policy Makers,” 36 pages 2.3 MB is available at:  http://www.climatechange2013.org/images/uploads/WGIAR5-SPM_Approved27Sep2013.pdf.  The full report (900 pages) is to be released later.  Commentary is available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/28/science/global-climate-change-report.html?hpw.

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX), IPCC, 2012.  “Summary for Policy Makers,” 20 pages, 11.8 MB and “Full SREX Report,” 594 pages, 31 MB are available at: http://ipcc-wg2.gov/SREX/.  Comment on related opinions in Bjorn Lomborg, “Don’t Blame Climate Change for Extreme Weather,” The Washington Post, 14 September 2013.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/bjorn-lomborg-dont-blame-climate-change-for-extreme-weather/2013/09/13/4b770d48-117e-11e3-bdf6-e4fc677d94a1_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.



International Criminal Court

ICC Drops Murder and Rape Charges against Kenyan President,
by Owen Bowcott, The Guardian, 6 December 2014.  Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/dec/05/crimes-humanity-charges-kenya-president-dropped-uhuru-kenyatta.  “Blow for court’s credibility as key prosecution witness refuses to testify in Uhuru Kenyatta trial and another admits lying.”

Can the International Criminal Court Play Fair in Africa? by Mwangi S Kimenyi, Brookings Africa in Focus, 17 October 2013.  Available at: http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/africa-in-focus/posts/2013/10/17-africa-international-criminal-court-kimenyi.  In the opinion of the author:  “Unless serious reforms are undertaken to ensure the court can be trusted to execute justice fairly, the ICC will continue digging its own grave and, in the process, undermining international justice.   In essence, the ICC is its own worst enemy and, unless reformed, Africans will continue to see it as nothing more but an International Colonial Court.”

The International Criminal Court on Trial, by Kirsten Ainley, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol 24, No. 3 (2011).  Available at: https://www.academia.edu/362897/The_International_Criminal_Court_on_Trial.  In defending the Court, the author assesses the structure and operation of the ICC. 




International Labour Organisation


Global Unemployment Projected to Rise in Both 2016 and 2017, in World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2016, 19 January 2016.  Available at: http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/newsroom/news/WCMS_443500/lang--en/index.htm.  Comment at: Eurasia Review, 25 January 2016.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/25012016-global-unemployment-seen-rising-in-2016-and-2017/.

Global Employment Trends 2014: Risk of a Jobless Recovery? 21 January 2014.  Available at: http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/wcms_233953.pdf.  For comment see Katie Allen, “ILO Warns Young Hit Hardest as Global Unemployment Continues to Rise”, 21 January 2014.  Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/jan/20/ilo-young-global-unemployment-rise-shareholders-workers.





International Monetary Fund


Opening Address to Conference, “Challenges for Securing Growth and Share Prosperity in Latin America,” by Christime Lagarde, Managing Director, IMF, Santiago, Chile, 5 December 2014.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2014/120514.htm.  This is an exciting time for Latin America, which has been stretching and renewing itself economically, politically, and socially in recent years.  The immense potential of this diverse region has become tangible and will drive further progress in years to come ― only the grumpiest pessimist would bet against its long-term success.

IMF Executive Board Approves 2-Year US$17 Billion Stand-By Arraingement for Ukraine, US$3l19 Billion for Immediate Disbursement, Press Release no. 13/189, 30 April 2014.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2014/pr14189.htm.  The press release includes an evaluation of recent economic conditions in Ukraine.

Sustaining Asia’s Momentum: Time for Vigilance and Reform, IMF Survey Magazine, Regional Economic Outlook, 28 April 2014.  GDP growth is forecast to improve to 5.5 percent in 2014–15, says the IMF in its latest Asia and Pacific Regional Economic Outlook, but risks lie ahead.

Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: Speech by David Lipton, 13 March 2014 at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2014/031314.htm.  The speech summarises recent research at the IMF on fiscal instruments that are often used for the purpose of reducing government deficits and debt accumulation.

Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: Staff Report on Fiscal Policy, 22 January 2014.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/pp/eng/2014/012314.pdf.  The report focuses on four aspects of fiscal policy and income inequality: (i) recent trends in the inequality of income, wealth, and opportunity in advanced and developing economies; (ii) country experience with different fiscal instruments for redistribution; (iii) options for the reform of expenditure and tax policies to help achieve distributive objectives in an efficient manner that is consistent with fiscal sustainability; and (iv) recent evidence on how fiscal policy measures can be designed to mitigate the impact of fiscal consolidation on inequality.

Australia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation, 12 February 2014.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2014/cr1451.pdf.  Article IV consultations usually take place once a year when IMF economists visit the member country to gather information and hold discussions with government and central bank officials, and often private investors and labour representatives, members of parliament, and civil society organizations.  The result of these consultations is submitted to the IMF’s Executive Board for discussion and the results of that discussion are made available to the country’s authorities.  The report should therefore viewed as a compilation of the in-country views combined with those of the IMF staff and executive.


Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda, October 2013.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/pp/eng/2013/101213b.pdf.  The Global Policy Agenda identifies the policy challenges faced by IMF members, outlines policy responses that are needed at the global and country levels to address these challenges, and lays out what the IMF can do to provide support

World Economic Outlook Update: Growing Pains, 9 July 2013.  Available at: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2013/update/02/.  The update indicates that global growth is projected to remain subdued at slightly above 3 percent in 2013, the same as in 2012.  This is less than forecast in the April 2013 World Economic Outlook.

Neil Irwin, IMF: Our Greek Bailout Was Full of “Notable Failures,” The Washington Post, 5 June 2013. Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/06/05/imf-our-greek-bailout-was-full-of-notable-failures/?hpid=z3.  The ex-post evaluation referred to in the article is available online at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2013/cr13156.pdf.

Roberto Belloni and Manuela Moschella, “The IMF and Civil Society,” International Politics, Vol. 50 (3 May 2013).  Available for purchase at: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/ip/journal/v50/n4/pdf/ip201314a.pdf.  This article assesses the influence of transnational advocacy networks on the activities of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) throughout the 1990s.  From an empirical perspective, the findings of the assessment suggest that civil society's influence on the policies of an international economic organization might be easily overstated.

Jack Ewing, “As Euro Zone Crisis Grows, So Does Power of IMF,The New York Times, 17 April 2013.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/18/business/global/euro-zone-crisis-has-increased-imfs-power.html?ref=global-home.

Speech by Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the IMF, “The Global Policy Actions Needed to Stay Ahead of the Crisis,” delivered on 10 April 2013 at the Economic Club of New York is available online at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2013/041013.htm.

Speech by Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the IMF, “Fulfilling he Asian Dream – Lasting Growth and Shared Prosperity,” delivered on April 2013 at the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference, Hainan, China is available online at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2013/040713.htm.

Speech by Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the IMF, “The Global Financial Sector—Transforming the Landscape,” delivered on 19 March 2013 at Frankfurt Financed Summit is available online at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2013/031913.htm.  See also IMF Staff Discussion Paper by Rishi, Goyal and others entitled “A Banking Union for the Euro Area,” 12 February 2013.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.aspx?sk=40317.0.

Larry Elliott, “IMF Sees Hope Beyond the Crisis but Cuts World Growth Predictions,The Guardian, 23 January 2013.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2013/jan/23/imf-world-growth-forecast-davos.


Annie Lowrey, “Income Inequality May Take Toll on Growth,The New York Times, 16 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/17/business/economy/income-inequality-may-take-toll-on-growth.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121017.

Ned Martel, “The Economy of Christine Lagarde,The Washington Post, 25 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/the-economy-of-christine-lagarde/2012/09/24/8d5c2b84-cd01-11e1-b7dd-ef7ef87186df_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines..

Heather Steward, “IMF Calls for ‘Decisive Action as Spanish Bond Yields Near Danger Level’,The Guardian, 18 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jul/18/imf-euro-spain-bond-yield.

Howard Schneider, “IMF: China, India, Other Developing Countries Show Signs of Slowdown,The Washington Post 16 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/imf-china-india-other-developing-countries-now-show-signs-of-slowdown/2012/07/16/gJQArQzSoW_story.html?hpid=z2.

Press Release No. 12/212, “IMF Says Spain’s Core Financial System is Resilient, but Important Vulnerabilities Remain,” was issued on 8 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/SEC/pr/2012/pr12212.htm.  The full report summarising the findings of the Financial System Stability Assessment of Spain is available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2012/cr12137.pdf.

Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, “Completing the Task: Financial Sector Reform for Stability and Growth,” address to the Annual Leaders’ Dialogue hosted by Süddeutsche Zeitung, New York, 8 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2012/060812a.htm.

The IMF published a review of the five years since the onset of the global financial crisis in Finance and Development, Vol. 49, No 2 (June 2012).  Articles include: “The Crisis and Beyond”, “Tracking the Global Recovery”, “Fixing the System”, “Trade Policy: So Far so Good?” and “Shedding Debt”.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2012/06/index.htm#panel-3.

Howard Schneider, “For US, Europe, ‘A Long Journey’ to Economic Rebound,The Washington Post, 22 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/for-us-europe-a-long-journey-to-economic-rebound/2012/04/21/gIQAlS6mYT_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Marc Hujer and Christian Reiermann, “Emerging Nations Vie for Power at IMF,Spiegel Online, 18 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/business/0,1518,827790,00.html.

Howard Schneider, “How the IMF Reasserted Its Power in Greece’s Debt Crisis,” The Washington Post. 6 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/how-the-imf-reasserted-its-power-in-greeces-debt-crisis/2012/03/02/gIQAltzStR_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.


David Uren, “‘Severe Risks’ in Culture of Thrift: IMF Warning,” The Australian, 19 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/severe-risks-in-culture-of-thrift-imf-warning/story-e6frg6so-1226170147423.

Editorial, “Christine Lagarde’s Tough Message,The New York Times, 30 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/31/opinion/christine-lagardes-tough-message.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Angelique Christafis, “Christine Lagarade Faces Inquiry over €285m Payout for Sarkozy Ally,” The Guardian, 4 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/aug/04/christine-largarde-bernard-tapie-i

Liz Alderman, “France’s Lagarde Named New Head of IMF,The New York Times, 28 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/29/business/global/29fund.html?ref=world.

Editorial, “Renewing the IMF,The New York Times, 19 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/20/opinion/20mon2.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211

Thomas Kleine-Brockhoff, “Why the Next IMF Head Must Be European,Spiegel Online, 19 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,763593,00.html.

Thorsten Benner, “Why the New IMF Head Can’t Be European,Spiegel Online, 19 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,763416,00.html.




North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

Anders Fogh Rasmussen, NATO Secretary-General, “Defence Matters,” 11 October 2013.  Available at: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/opinions_104038.htm.

Adam Garfinkle,A Conversation with Ivo Daalder on the Future of NATO,” The American Interest, 16 August 2013, Available at: http://www.the-american-interest.com/article.cfm?piece=1482.

James M Goldgeier, “The Future of NATO,” Council on Foreign Relations, International Institutions and Global Governance Program, February 2010.  Available at: http://www.cfr.org/nato/future-nato/p21044.






Economic Survey of Australia 3014, report prepared by Philip Hemmings and Vivian Koutsogeorgopoulou under the supervision of Piritta Sorsa, 17 December 2014.  Available at: http://www.oecd.org/australia/economic-survey-australia.htm.  For comment, Peter Martin and Nassim Khadem, “OECD Slams Australian Budget Measures, ‘Close Monitoring’ Required,” The Sydney Morning Herald, 17 December 2014.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/business/the-economy/oecd-slams-australian-budget-measures-close-monitoring-required-20141216-1285ip.html.

PISA 2012 Results – Volume VI: Students and Money – Financial Literacy Skills for 21st Century, 9 July 2014.  Available at: http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results-volume-vi.htm.  Australia is ranked 4th among the OECD members examined – after Shanghai (China), Belgium and Latvia.

OECD Forecasts During and After the Financial Crisis: A Post Mortem, OECD Economics Department Policy Notes, No. 23, February 2014.  Available at: http://www.oecd.org/eco/outlook/OECD-Forecast-post-mortem-policy-note.pdf.


The Climate Challenge: Achieving Zero Emissions, by Angel Gurria, OECD Secretary-General, 9 October 2013.  Available at: http://www.oecd.org/environment/the-climate-challenge-achieving-zero-emissions.htm.

“Chair’s Summary - OECD Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM),” 29-30 May 2013.  Available at: http://www.oecd.org/mcm/chairssummary-oecdministerialcouncilmeetingmcm29-30may2013-itsallaboutpeoplejobsequalityandtrust.htm.  Documents related to the MCM:

Giving Youth a Better Start: An Action Plan
New Approaches to Economic Challenges (NAEC)
Interconnected Economies: Benefiting from Global Value Chains (GVCs)

“OECD Economic Outlook 2013,” 29 May 2013.  Available for reading online at: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/oecd-economic-outlook-volume-2013-issue-1_eco_outlook-v2013-1-en.

“Southeast Asian Economic Outlook 2013 With Perspectives on China and India,” 1 March 2013.  Available for reading online at: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/development/southeast-asian-economic-outlook_22253998.


“OECD Economic Surveys: Australia,” December 2012.  A 35-page overview is available for downloading at: http://www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/australia2012.htm and the full text is available for purchase at the same location. 

“Looking to 2060: Long-Term Global Growth Prospects: A Going for Growth Report,” 9 November 2012.  Available for online purchase at: http://www.oecd.org/eco/outlook/2060%20policy%20paper%20FINAL.pdf. 


The Call for Innovative and Open Government: An Overview of Country Initiatives,” 28 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org.wwwproxy0.library.unsw.edu.au/governance/the-call-for-innovative-and-open-government_9789264107052-en.





United Nations


UN Begins New Process To Choose Ban’s Successor, by Ramesh Jaura, Eurasia Review, 3 January 2016.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/03012016-un-begins-new-process-to-choose-bans-successor-analysis/. “UN Secetary-General Ban Ki-moon’s successor will not be elected by a secret ballot by the 193 member states of the United Nations. But the General Assembly and the Security Council presidents have agreed on a selection process that might mark a watershed.


Four Ideas for a Stronger UN, by Kofi A Annan and Gro Harlem Brundtland, The New York Times, 6 February 2015.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/07/opinion/kofi-annan-gro-harlem-bruntland-four-ideas-for-a-stronger-un.html?ref=opinion.  The oped was motivated by the belief that “a big part of the problem is that the Security Council, which is supposed to maintain world peace and security on behalf of all member states, no longer commands respect — certainly not from armed insurgents operating across borders, and often not from the United Nations’ own members.


Introduction to the Proposal of the Open Working Group for Sustainable Development Goals, 19 July 2014.  Available at: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/4518SDGs_FINAL_Proposal%20of%20OWG_19%20July%20at%201320hrsver3.pdf.  Comment at: Abhijit Banerjee and Varad Pande, “How to Prioritise UN Goals,” The New York Times, 10 September 2014.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/11/opinion/how-to-prioritize-un-goals.html?ref=opinion.

Report on the Human Rights Situation in Ukraine, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 15 April 2014.  Available at: http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/UA/Ukraine_Report_15April2014.doc.  Comment at: Nick Cumming-Bruce, “UN Cities Abuses in Crimea before Russia Annexation Vote,” The New York Times, 15 April 2014.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/16/world/europe/un-cites-abuses-in-crimea.html.

Unanimously Approved Security Council Resolution Demands Aid Access in Syria, UN News Centre, 22 February 2014.  Available at: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47204&Cr=Syria&Cr1=#.Uwk6jfna4sA.  Comment at: Karen Deyoung, “UN Security Council Agrees on Resolution Urging Syria to Halt Attacks, Allow Aid Access,” The Washington Post, 23 February 2014.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/un-security-council-agrees-on-resolution-urging-syria-to-halt-attacks-allow-aid-access/2014/02/22/158384be-9be4-11e3-ad71-e03637a299c0_story.html?hpid=z4.


In a Single Secret Ballot, General Assembly Elects 14 Member States to Three-Year Terms on Human Rights Counci, UN Department of Public Information, 12 November 2013.  Available at: http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=13981&LangID=E.  Those elected were Algeria, China, Cuba, France, Maldives, Mexico, Morocco, Namibia, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, United Kingdom and Viet Nam.  ll would serve three-year terms beginning on 1 January 2014.  Comment at: Johathan Kaiman, China Granted Seat on UN’s Human Rights Council, The Guardian, 14 November 2013.  Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/13/china-granted-seat-un-human-rights-council.

COP 19: UN Climate Change Conference – Warsaw

Links to background information from The Guardian, November 2013.  Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/cop-19-un-climate-change-conference-warsaw.

UN Rights Panel’s Report on War Crimes in Syria, report dates 16 August and released 11 September 2013.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/11/world/middleeast/12geneva-doc.html.

World Happiness Report 2013, was announced on 9 September 2013.  More information is available at: http://unsdsn.org/happiness/, and full report can be downloaded at: http://unsdsn.org/files/2013/09/WorldHappinessReport2013_online.pdf.

National Human Development Report 2013, was launched in Beijing on 27 August 2013.  The volume is entitled: “The Rise of the South”.  Available from the United Nations Development Programme at: http://hdr.undp.org/en/.


Associated Press, “UN Group Favours Greater Government Roles in Internet Despite Western Objections,The Washington Post, 14 December 2012.  Available at:  http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/un-group-favors-greater-government-roles-in-internet-despite-western-objections/2012/12/13/d2f48076-44f5-11e2-8c8f-fbebf7ccab4e_story.html.

Agusta Conchig, “People Who Don’t Exist,Le Monde Diplomatique, June 2012. http://mondediplo.com/2012/06/16stateless.

Augusta Conchiglia, “The UNHCR’s Evolving Mandate,Le Monde Diplomatique, June 2012.  http://mondediplo.com/2012/06/15unhcr.

Anne-Cécile Robert, “The Other UN,” Le Monde Diplomatique, June 2012.  Available at: http://mondediplo.com/2012/06/13un.

Reuters, “Russia and China Join UN Security Council Effort to End Syrian Bloodshed,” The Guardian, 21 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/21/syria-un-security-council-peace-russia-china

Andrew Cohen, “Is the UN Using Bike Paths to Achieve world Domination?” The Atlantic, 7 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2012/02/is-the-un-using-bike-paths-to-achieve-world-domination/252572/.

Neil MacFarquar and Anthony Shadid, “Russia and China Block UN Action on Crisis in Syria,The New York Times, 4 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/05/world/middleeast/syria-homs-death-toll-said-to-rise.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.


Harriet Sherwood, “US Pulls Enesco Funding After Palestine Is Granted Full Membership,The Guardian, 31 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/31/unesco-backs-palestinian-membership.

Neil MacFarquhar, “UN Body Warns of Risks of Global Austerity,” The New York Times, 6 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/07/world/europe/07nations.html.

Associated Press, “Brazil, Japan Say 100 Support UN Reforms That Would Expand the Security Council,The Washington Post, 1 July, 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/americas/brazil-japan-say-100-support-un-reforms-that-would-expand-the-security-council/2011/06/30/AGChLesH_story.html.

Marlise Simons, “UN Court Convicts Former Croatian Generals,The New York Times, 15 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/16/world/europe/16hague.html?ref=world.

Associated Press, “UN Suspends Libya from Human Rights Council Over Violence Against Protesters,Guardian, 2 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/mar/02/un-suspends-libya-human-rights-council.

Colum Lynch, “UN Human Rights Council Condemns Gaddafi’s Crackdown in Libya,The Washington Post, 25 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/25/AR2011022503545.html.

Jonathan Watts, “China’s Ability to Feed Its People Questioned by UN Expert,Guardian, 23 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/dec/23/china-ability-to-feed-population-warning.



World Bank


World Bank


“Left Behind: Chronic Poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean -- Overview,” by Renos Vakis, Jamele Rigolini and Leonardo Lucchetti, World Bank Report, 4 March 2015.  Available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/01/24089637/left-behind-chronic-poverty-latin-america-caribbean-overview.  For comment: Ernesto Londoño, “Despite Growth, Latin America Struggles with Chronic Poverty, The New York Times, 10 March 2015.  Available at: http://takingnote.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/03/10/despite-growth-latin-america-struggles-with-chronic-poverty/?ref=opinion.


“World Is Locked into ~1.5oC Warming and Risks Are Rising, New Climate Report Finds,” Feature Story, 23 November 2014.  Available at: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2014/11/23/climate-report-finds-temperature-rise-locked-in-risks-rising.  Comment by John Vidal, “World Bank to Focus Future Investment on Clean Energy,” The Guardian, 24 November 2014.  Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/nov/23/world-bank-to-focus-future-investment-on-clean-energy.


“World Bank Criticised for ‘Ducking Human Rights,’” Foreign Policy, 22 July 2013.  Available at: http://bosco.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/07/22/world_bank_criticized_forducking_human_rights.  . 

Global Economic Prospects – June 2013: Less Volatile, but Slower Growth,” summary, full report and audio slide show available at: http://www.worldbank.org/.

Howard Schneider, “World Bank, in a Changed Economy, Pushes Focus to Building a Middle Class,The Washington Post, 18 April 2013.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/world-bank-in-a-changed-economy-pushes-focus-to-building-a-middle-class/2013/04/17/0b6c0c94-a761-11e2-a8e2-5b98cb59187f_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.


Brad Plumer, “Can Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Break America’s Hold on the World Bank?The Washington Post, 14 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/ezra-klein/post/can-ngozi-okonjo-iweala-break-americas-hold-on-the-world-bank/2012/04/13/gIQA7mIvFT_blog.html.

Howard Schneider, “Jim Yong Kim, Dartmouth College President, Tapped by Obama To Head World Bank,The Washington Post, 24 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/official-obama-to-nominate-dartmouth-college-president-to-head-world-bank/2012/03/23/gIQAAPLiVS_story.html?hpid=z2.  See also commentary by Jena McGregor, “How Jim Yong Kim Cound Change the World Bank”, The Washington Post, 23 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-leadership/post/how-jim-yong-kim-could-change-the-world-bank/2011/04/01/gIQA2809VS_blog.html.


Larry Elliott, “World Bank Chief Blames Barack Obama for Doha Trade Talks Deadlock,The Guardian, 18 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/jul/18/world-bank-chief-blames-barack-obama-doha





World Trade Organisation


Chakravarthi Raghavan, “Doha Can Survive a Severe Blow If Developing Nations Unite,” Eurasian Review, 28 December 2015.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/28122015-doha-can-survive-a-severe-blow-if-developing-nations-unite-analysis/. “As a result of the Nairobi Ministerial Declaration, the Multilateral Trade Negotiating agenda of the Doha Work Programme as a Single Undertaking remains somewhat diminished, but not dead.”

Annual Report 2015, 27 May 2015.  Available online at: https://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news15_e/anrp_27may15_e.htm.  9.7 MB.  The Report opens with a message from WTO Director-General Roberto Azevêdo, who reflects on the past year and the challenges facing the WTO in the future.  This is followed by a brief overview of 2014-15 and more in-depth accounts of the WTO’s main areas of activity, from trade negotiations to dispute settlement.


Annual Report for 2014, 14 March 2014.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/ab_14mar14_e.htm.


News Item: Revised Drafts of “Bali Package” Sent to Ministers after Intensive Consultations, 6 December 2013.  Text of agreement is available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news13_e/mc9_06dec13_e.htm.  Comment on agreement: “Doha Delivers,” The Economist, 9 December 2013.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2013/12/world-trade-organisation?fsrc=nlw|newe|12-9-2013|7156366|34237756|.


News Item: A Number of WTO Members Support Azevêdo’s Efforts to Broker a Successful Outcome on the Bali Package, 29 November 2013.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news13_e/dgra_29nov13_e.htm.  For details of the proposals to be included in the Bali Package see: Briefing note: Agriculture Negotiations — the Bid to ‘Harvest’ Some ‘Low Hanging Fruit, 9th WTO Ministerial Conference, Bali, 22 November 2013.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/mc9_e/brief_agneg_e.htm.


WTO, World Bank to Develop Services Trade Database.  The joint database covers various sectors in more than 100 countries, such as financial, transportation. Tourism, retail, telecommunications and business services, including law and accounting.  Further information is available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news13_e/serv_05aug13_e.htm.


“World Trade Report 2013: Factors Shaping the Future of World Trade”:

Media release of report, 18 July 2013, at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres13_e/pr692_e.htm;

Director-General Lamy’s remarks at the launch of the report at: http://www.wto.org/audio/2013_07_18_wtr_lamy_opening.mp3; and

Full report is available online at: http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/publications_e/wtr13_e.htm.

Arvind Subramanian, “Too Much Legitimacy Can Hurt Global Trade,East Asia Forum, 28 January 2013.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2013/01/28/too-much-legitimacy-can-hurt-global-trade/.

Pascal Lamy, Director General of the WTO, “Putting Geopolitics Back at the Trade Table,” Speech at IISS-Oberoi Discussion Forum in Delhi on 29 January 2013.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/sppl_e/sppl264_e.htm.


WTO News Item, “Information Technology Agreement: Progress Reported on Expanding Product Coverage,” 1 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/ita_01nov12_e.htm.

Nicola Clark, “Europe to Seek Sanctions Against US Over Boein

g Subsidies,The New York Times, 27 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/28/business/global/europe-to-seek-sanctions-against-us-over-boeing-subsidies.html.

WTO Press Release, “WTO Membership Rises to 157 with the entry of Russia and Vanuatu,” 22 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres12_e/pr671_e.htm.

Keith Bradsher, “Trade Issues With China Flare Anew,The New York Times, 12 March 2012/  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/13/business/global/trade-tensions-with-china-heating-up-again.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120313.


Text of speech by Director-General Pascal Lamy stating that “we can and must do better in notifications and information sharing,” 1 July 2011, is available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/sppl_e/sppl199_e.htm.

Richard Baldwin and Simon Evenett, “World Trade Regime at an Historic Choice Point,East Asia Forum, 8 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/05/08/world-trade-regime-at-an-historic-choice-point/

WTO News Item from Trade Negotiations Committee: “Members Confront Doha Round Deadlock with Pledge to Seek Meaningful Way Out,” 29 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news11_e/tnc_dg_infstat_29apr11_e.htm

Larry Elliott, “Doha Trade Talks’ Killing Has No Shortage of Suspects,The Guardian, 25 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/apr/25/doha-trade-talks-death-suspects.

Jagdish Bhagwati, “Saving Doha: Polly Wants a Trade Deal,East Asia Forum, 5 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/04/05/saving-doha-polly-wants-a-trade-deal/.

Razeen Sally, “Big Government and Protectionism Threaten World Trade Regime,” East Asia Bureau of Economic Research (EABER) and South Asian Bureau of Economic Research (SABER) Newsletter, March 2011. Available at: http://www.eaber.org/intranet/documents/76/2479/EABER_SABER_Newsletter_2011_03.pdf.

Jonathan Watts and John Pomfret, “Washington and Beijing Find New Desire for Co-operation,Guardian Weekly, 28 December 2010.  Available at:  http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/dec/28/china-usforeignpolicy.

Transcript of excerpts from “After the Bell” on CNBC-TV, “Next 3-4 Months Crucial for Doha Talks: WTO Chief Pascal Lamy,” 3 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/business/next-3-4-mths-crucial-for-doha-talks-wto-chief-pascal-lamy_500645-0.html.