The Australia-China Chamber of Commerce and Industry
of New South Wales





Economics and Politics of G20 MEMBERS 2010 - 2012

Links to articles after 1 January 2013 are available at: http://www.accci.com.au/G20.htm


The G20 is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union, with representatives of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the World Trade Organisation.  The finance ministers and central bank governors began meeting in 1999, at the suggestion of the G7 finance ministers.  It rose to prominence in November 2008 when the then French President Sarkozy and the then UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown called a meeting of the G20 leaders, known as the Summit, in response to the global financial crisis of 2007-2009.  The G20 superseded the Group of 33 industrialised countries, which superseded the Group of 22 countries (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G-20_major_economies).

Since its formation there has been a G20 finance ministerial meeting every year, but it has no formal structure and no permanent administrative personnel.  It therefore cannot be classified as an institution, or even as a formal organisation.  Its members are nevertheless critical in determining global governance and this determination is certain to be of fundamental importance to Australia-China relations. 

It is for this reason that we created a page of links to economic and political information about those 19 member states and representatives of the three intergovernmental organisations plus the President of the European Council.  The links relate to information about the members to a greater extent than information about the group of members.  Links to information about the group of members is managed by the University of Toronto at: http://www.g20.utoronto.ca/.

Click on the links immediately below to jump to a member of the Group of 20 or to a frequent invitee (nations as well as international organisations) at G20 meetings.

G20 Summit 2012
Commentary on Previous G20 Summits
Common Issues
Background for Policy Setting
European Union
   Eurogroup (informal group of Finance Ministers who share the Euro)

International Monetary Fund
Republic of Korea
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
United Kingdom
United Nations
United States of America
World Bank
World Trade Organisation

G20 Summit 2012


20 Summit 2012

During July

Alan S Alexandroff and Yves Tibeghien, “East Asian Fingerprints on the G20”, East Asia Forum, 25 July 2012.  Available at:  http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/07/25/east-asian-fingerprints-on-the-g20/.

Claude Barfield, “A Big Deal: Canada and Mexico Join the Trans-Pacific Partnership”, East Asia Forum, 10 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/07/10/a-big-deal-canada-and-mexico-join-the-trans-pacific-partnership/.

During June

S Majumder, “G20 and India: Can Japan Trigger Hope of India’s Appeal for Large Investment in Infrastructure – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 30 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/30062012-g-20-and-india-can-japan-trigger-hope-on-indias-appeal-for-large-investment-in-infrastructure-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Konstantin von Hammerstein, Ralf Neukirch and Christoph Schult, “Euro Crisis Threatens European Way of Life”, Spiegel Online, 26 June 2012. Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/debt-crisis-threatens-the-european-way-of-life-a-840643.html.

Editorial, “A Small Stimulus for Europe, The New York Times, 22 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/23/opinion/a-small-stimulus-for-europe.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120623.

Miriam Widman, “The US Is Hypocritical When It Lectures Europe”, Spiegel Online, 20 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/german-press-reacts-to-g-20-summit-a-839949.html.

Carsten Volkery, “Europe Under Pressure to Fulfil G20 Promises”, Spiegel Online, 20 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/high-expectations-on-europe-after-g-20-summit-a-839891.html.

Patrick Wintour, “Germany Set to Allow Eurozone Bailout Fund to Buy Troubled Countries’ Debt”, The Guardian, 19 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jun/19/germany-eurozone-bailout-countries-debt.  See also by the same author: “G20 to Endorse Growth Plan and Urge More Financial Integration in Europe”, The Guardian, 19 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jun/19/g20-leaders-growth-financial-integration.

Nicholas Kulish and Jack Ewing, “Greek Voting Past, Europe Returns to Fiscal Rescue”, The New York Times, 18 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/19/world/europe/greek-vote-past-europe-returns-to-fiscal-rescue.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120619.

Patrick Wintour, Ian Traynor and Helena Smith, “G20 Summit: Barroso Blames Eurozone Crisis on US Banks”, The Guardian, 18 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jun/18/g20-summit-barroso-eurozone-crisis.

The Group of 20 (G20) Summit of the world’s twenty major economies will take place in Los Cabos, Mexico, beginning on Monday 18 June.  The five priorities established by the host government are:

·        Economic stabilization and structural reforms as foundations for growth and employment.

·        Strengthening the financial system and fostering financial inclusion to promote economic growth.

·        Improving the international financial architecture in an interconnected world.

·        Enhancing food security and addressing commodity price volatility.

·        Promoting sustainable development, green growth and the fight against climate change.

Commentaries on the 2012 agenda:

Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Feature Briefing, “G20 Overshadowed by Euro Crisis”, 17 June 2012:

·        CFR Video presentation by Stewart M Patrick and Enrique Berruga, “The G20 Mexico Summit: http://www.cfr.org/global-governance/g20-mexico-summit/p28498.

·        CFR Blog: Stewart M. Patrick, “The G20 and the Eurozone Crisis”: http://blogs.cfr.org/patrick/2012/06/15/the-g20-and-the-eurozone-crisis/.

·        Los Angeles Times, Exectations Low for Definitive Action: http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-g20-summit-20120616,0,7468822.story.

·        CFR Backgrounder, The Eurozone in Crisis: http://www.cfr.org/eu/eurozone-crisis/p22055.

Paul McGeough, “Clouds of Europe Crisis Hang Over G20 Summit”, The Sydney Morning Herald, 16 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/world/clouds-of-europe-crisis-hang-over-g20-summit-20120615-20fa7.html.

Canadian Press, “Fresh Turmoil May Await Harper at G20 Summit in Mexico”, CBC News, 14 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2012/06/14/pol-cp-g20-mexico-canada-harper.html.

Statement of Mexico’s Foreign Minister, Patricia Espinosa on the G20 Summit, 9 June 2012.  Available at: http://g20.org/index.php/en/press-releases/433-palabras-de-la-embajadora-patricia-espinosa-cantellano-secretaria-de-relaciones-exteriores-en-la-conferencia-de-prensa-sobre-los-avances-en-la-preparacion-de-la-cumbre-de-lideres-del-grupo-de-los-veinte-agradezco-su-presencia-y-su-interes-por-conocer-.

Report by Brookings Institution, “The G20 Los Cabos Summit 2012: Bolstering the World Economy Amid Growing Fears of Recession” 8 June 2012.  Articles in the report may be downloaded separately or as a unit from: http://www.brookings.edu/research/reports/2012/06/g20.

·        “Introduction” by Kemal Dervis

·        “The G20, the IMF and the European Debt Crisis”, by Domenico Lombardi

·        “Whither the G20: Proposals for a Focused Agenda”, by Johannes F Linn

·        “Supporting Financial Innovation and Stability in Africa’s Agriculture”, by Vera Songwe

·        “The G20 Pivot Toward Trade”, by Joshua Meltzer

·        “The G20 Has Disappointed on International Financing”, by Homi Kharas

·        “Why the G20 Must Prioritise Financial Inclusion to Promote Global Growth”, by Mwangi S Kimenyi and Vera Songwe

·        ‘Green Growth: G20 Leaders Can Set the Sage for Rio+20”, by Katherine Sierra.

During April

Bhanu Joshi, “G20 2012: What Can Be Expected in Mexico”, East Asia Forum, 10 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/04/10/g20-2012-what-can-be-expected-in-mexico/.

During February

Maria Monica Wihardja, “The 2012 Summit: Facing Down Global Challenges in Mexico”, East Asia Forum, 11 February 2012.  http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/02/11/the-2012-g20-summit-facing-down-global-challenges-in-mexico/.

“Brief Comment on the Agenda for the Seventh G20 Meeting”; first uploaded 16 January 2012; last updated 1 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.accci.com.au/ZerbyCommentonG20.pdf.

During January

Charles Roxburgh, Susan Lund, Toos Daruvala, James Manyika, Richard Dobbs, Ramon Forn and Karen Croxson, “Debt and Deleveraging: Uneven Progress on the Path to Growth”, McKinsey Global Institute Report, January 2012.  Available at: http://www.mckinsey.com/Insights/MGI/Research/Financial_Markets/Uneven_progress_on_the_path_to_growth.

Note that this report has been cited by a number of commentators including Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, “America Overcomes the Debt Crisis As Britain Sinks Deeper in the Swamp” (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/ambroseevans_pritchard/9031478/America-overcomes-the-debt-crisis-as-Britain-sinks-deeper-into-the-swamp.html and http://www.smh.com.au/business/us-looks-buoyant-compared-with-britain-20120123-1qdrx.html and also Paul Krugman, “Is Our Economy Healing?” (http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/23/opinion/krugman-is-our-economy-healing.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212/.

Judith Sloan, “Size Matters When It Comes to the Public Sector”, The Australian, 21 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/opinion/size-matters-when-it-comes-to-the-public-sector/story-fnbkvnk7-1226249670435.

Reuters, “China Says Meeting G20 Pledge is Key to IMF Funding”, Reuters US Edition.  Available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/01/19/china-imf-idUSL3E8CJ49220120119.

Heleen Mees, “How China’s Boom Caused the Financial Crisis and Why It Matters Today”, Foreign Policy, 17 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/01/17/how_china_s_boom_caused_the_financial_crisis.  Note also that this edition of Foreign Policy has a special report on 13 out-of-the-tinderbox ways of saving the economy (by 13 writers) at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/economy_issue.

During November

Andrew Sparrow, “G20 Leaders Discuss Eurozone Crisis: Live Coverage”, The Guardian, 4 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2011/nov/04/g20-leaders-eurozone-crisis-live-coverage.

Liz Alderman, “Italy Agrees to Allow IMF to Monitor Its Progress on Debt”, The New York Times, 4 November, 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/05/world/europe/italy-agrees-to-imf-oversight.html.

Commentary on Previous G20 Summits

Christopher Findlay, “European Debt Crisis: European Fragmentation?”, East Asia Forum, 6 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/11/06/european-debt-crisis-european-fragmentation/

David Leonhardt, “The Gridlock Where Debts Meet Politics”, The New York Times, 5 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/06/world/europe/the-gridlock-where-debts-meet-politics-economic-memo.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Nick Ottens, “Sarkozy Claims ‘Progress’ After Summit Disappoints”, Atlantic Sentinel, 5 November 2011.  Available at: http://atlanticsentinel.com/2011/11/sarkozy-claims-progress-after-summit-disappoints/.

Howard Schneider and David Nakamura, “World Leaders Demand Swift Action by Europe to Contain Debt Crisis”, The Washington Post, 5 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/world-leaders-demand-swift-action-on-crisis-from-europe/2011/11/04/gIQAkyQFmM_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Editorial, G20 Summit: Slumping to the Occasion”, The Guardian, 4 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/nov/04/g20-summit-slumping-to-the-occasion.

RFE/RL, “G20 Leaders Agree to Boost IMF, Fail to Agree on How”, Radio Free Europe, 4 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.rferl.org/content/g20_summit_agrees_to_beef_up_imf_resoucres/24381697.html.

Video of Sarah O’Connor and Edward Hadas discussing whether the summit was a total washout is available from the Financial Times (3.2 minutes) is available at: http://video.ft.com/v/672694881001/G20-total-washout-

The Monitor’s Editorial Board, “After G20 Summit, Europe Needs Clarity, Not Just Containment”, The Christian Science Monitor, 4 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/the-monitors-view/2011/1104/After-G20-summit-Europe-needs-clarity-not-just-containment.

Recent information about the preparations for the 2011 G20 Cannes Summit (3-4 November), including the priorities of the French presidency, is available from Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_G-20_Cannes_summit.  The official Website of the Group of 20 is: http://www.g20-g8.com/g8-g20/g20/english/home.9.html.  The text of the joint press conference by N. Sarkozy and B. Obama, 3 November 2011, is available at:  http://www.g20-g8.com/g8-g20/g20/english/for-the-press/news-releases/joint-press-conference-by-n-sarkozy-and-b-obama.1536.html.

Jack Ewing and Steven Erlanger, “Euro Crisis Shifts Mood for G20”, The New York Times, 2 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/03/business/global/03iht-group03.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Eswar Pradad, “G20 Is at Its Best When the Stakes Are Highest”, The New York Times, 2 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/03/business/global/g-20-is-at-its-best-when-the-stakes-are-highest.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Heather Stewart, “How the Euro Crisis Laid Bare World New Economic Order”, The Observer, 30 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/30/g20-and-the-new-economic-players?INTCMP=SRCH.

Other relevant links can be found below under European Union.

Common Issues

During November 2012

David Rothkopf, “The Third Industrial Revolution”, Foreign Policy, November 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/10/08/the_third_industrial_revolution?page=0,1.

During October

No author cited, “True Progressivism: A New Form of Radical Centrist Politics Is Needed to Tackle Inequality Without Hurting Economic Growth”, The Economist, 13 October 2012.  Available at:  http://www.economist.com/node/21564556?spc=scode&spv=xm&ah=9d7f7ab945510a56fa6d37c30b6f1709.

During September

Pier Carlo Padoan, “What is the Near-Term Global Economic Outlook? An Interim Assessment”, OECD, Paris, 6 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.oecd.org/eco/economicoutlookanalysisandforecasts/Interimassessmentpresentation6September2012.pdf.

OECD Newsroom, “Economy: European Recession Slowing Global Economy, Says OECD”, Paris, 6 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.oecd.org/newsroom/economyeuropeanrecessionslowingglobaleconomysaysoecd.htm.

During April

Zhan Dixiong, “Where Does the World Go from Here?” People’s Daily, 26 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90780/7800735.html.  Note that the article by Paul B Farrell that is referred to in the People’s Daily is available at http://articles.marketwatch.com/2012-01-10/commentary/30690172_1_shift-gears-innovation-and-technology-decade.

Lesley Wroughton and Jan Strupczewski, “G20 Pledges More Than $430 billion for IMF”, International Business Times, 29 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/331268/20120420/g20-pledges-more-than-430-billion-for-imf.htm.

Spiegel Staff, “Six Powers to Pursue Selfish Interests in Istanbul”, Spiegel Online, 13 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,827385,00.html.

During January

Ishaan Thardoor, “The Challenge at Davos: A Crisis of Global Politics, Not Just the Economy”, Time, 24 January 2012.  Available at:  http://globalspin.blogs.time.com/2012/01/24/the-challenge-at-davos-a-crisis-of-global-politics-not-just-the-economy/.

Michael Schuman, How to Save Capitalism”, Time, 19 January 2012.  Available at: http://business.time.com/2012/01/19/how-to-save-capitalism/.

During November

On 2 November the Financial Times published a special report on “G20 Summit 2011” including the following:

·        “Overview: Dark Outlook Piles Pressure on Leaders”

·        “Eurozone Options: Rescue Raises Doubts Over Details and Deeper Issues”

·        “Global Rebalancing: Mutual Suspicion Thwarts Grand Plan”

·        “History: Meetings Yet to Reach the Peak of Achievement”

·        “Financial Services: Banks and Regulators at Odds”

·        “Location Profile: Riviera Resort Shows Off Its Cannes-Do Attitude”

·        “French Economy; Hope Is to Cut While Still Fostering Growth”

·        “Monetary System: Reform Slips Down Agenda”

Available to registered users and subscribers at: http://www.ft.com/intl/reports/g20-2011?ftcamp=traffic/email/content/reportalert//memmkt.

During October

Juliet Eilperin, “Population Growth Taxing Planet’s Resources”, The Washington Post, 24 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/population-growth-taxing-planets-resources/2011/10/16/gIQAD9bMAM_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

No author cited, “Rage Against the Machine”, The Economist, 22 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21533400?fsrc=nlw|wwp|10-20-2011|politics_this_week.

During August

Nelson D. Schwartz, “Financial Turmoil Evokes Comparison to 2008 Crisis”, The New York Times, 10 August, 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/11/business/financial-turmoil-evokes-comparison-to-2008-crisis.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Gordon Brown, “Global Crisis Calls for G-20 Growth Pact”, The Washington Post, 10 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-crisis-calls-for-g-20-growth-pact/2011/08/09/gIQAKMnQ5I_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions.

David Ignatius, “Democracy, Challenged”, The Washington Post, 10 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/democracy-challenged/2011/08/09/gIQAQvRb4I_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions.

Barry Eichengreen, “Financial Crisis: Can Asia Skate Through Again”, East Asia Forum, 7 August 2011.  http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/08/07/financial-crisis-can-asia-skate-through-again/.

During July

Maria Wihardja, “G20 and Global Democracy, “East Asia Forum, 27 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/07/27/g20-and-global-democracy/.

No author cited, “Handle with Care: ‘Deleveraging’ Will Dominate the Rich World’s Economies for Years. Done Badly, It Could Wreck Them”, The Economist, 7 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18928610.  The report by McKinsey Global Institute, which is referred to by The Economist, is available at: http://www.mckinsey.com/mgi/publications/debt_and_deleveraging/index.asp.

During June

Editorial, “Lots of Talk, Too Little Action”, The New York Times, 27 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/28/opinion/28tue2.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

During May

G20 Monitoring Report, “Protectionist Pressures on the Rise, Latest G20 Monitoring Report”, 24 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news11_e/igo_24may11_e.htm.

During April

World Bank, Conflict, Security and Development, World Development Report 2011, released 11 April 2011.  Full report and related information is available at:  http://wdr2011.worldbank.org/Violent+Conflict+and+Insecurity. 

Commentaries on the report include: Leslie Wroughton, “World Bank Urges New Thinking to Tackle Conflicts, Violence”, Reuters, 11 April 2011 at http://in.reuters.com/article/2011/04/11/idINIndia-56249920110411; and Julian Bolger, “World Bank Urges New Focus on Global Development in Fragile States”, The Guardian, 11 April 2011 at http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2011/apr/11/world-bank-global-development-focus.

A background paper entitled “Fragile States: Stuck in a Capability Trap?” by Lant Pritchett and Frauke de Weijer is available at: http://www.hks.harvard.edu/fs/lpritch/Fragile%20States%20-%20stuck%20in%20a%20capability%20trap.pdf.

Will Hutton, “We Have Forgotten the Economic Lessons Our Forebears Taught Us”, The Observer, 10 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/apr/10/will-hutton-keynes-austerity-osborne.

Andrew G Berg and Jonathan D Ostry, “Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin?” The International Monetary Fund Research Department, 8 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2011/sdn1108.pdf

Maria Monica Wihardja, “The G20 and the BRICS: How to Manage the Politics?” East Asia Forum, 6 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/04/06/the-g20-and-the-brics-how-to-manage-the-politics/.

During February

Editorial, “The Food Crisis”, The New York Times, 24 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/25/opinion/25fri2.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Reuters, “G20 Keeps China Onboard but Tough Talks Lie Ahead”, Guardian, 20 February 2011. Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/feedarticle/9510301.

Alan Kohler, “The G20 Has Reached Its Tipping Point”, Business Spectator, 21 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.businessspectator.com.au/bs.nsf/Article/G20-China-debt-crisis-currency-war-pd20110221-E9RKE?OpenDocument&src=rot.

Background for Policy-Setting

During October 2012

Maria Monica Wihardja, “Is the G20 Failing? East Asia Forum, 3 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/10/03/is-the-g20-failing/.

During May

Charles Wyplosz, “The Impossible Hope of an End to Austerity – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 14 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/15052012-the-impossible-hope-of-an-end-to-austerity-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

During March

Mohamed Mansour Kadah, “G-20 and Power Club Approach to Global Governance: The Price of Efficiency – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 30 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/30032012-g-20-and-power-club-approach-to-global-governance-the-price-of-efficiency-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Giovanni Grevi, “Revamping the G20”, FRIDE Policy Brief No 119, March 2012.  Available at: http://www.fride.org/publication/1000/revamping-the-g20.

During January

Jane Burbank and Frederick Cooper, “How Empire Ruled the World”, Le Monde Diplomatique, 13 January 2012.  Available at: http://mondediplo.com/2012/01/13empire.

During November

Anthony Faiola, “Europe Has a President, but No Leader”, The Washington Post, 2 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/europes-crisis-of-leadership/2011/11/01/gIQAj3RHdM_story.html.

During October

Larry Elliott, “Jobs Crisis Threatens Global Wave of Social Unrest, Warns ILO”, The Guardian, 31 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/oct/31/jobs-crisis-global-social-unrest-ilo.

Andy Coghlan and Debora MacKenzie, “Revealed – the Capitalist Network That Runs the World”, New Scientist, 15-24 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21228354.500-revealed--the-capitalist-network-that-runs-the-world.html.

Ishrat Husain, “Asia and Global Governance”, East Asia Forum, 16 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/10/16/asia-and-global-governance/.

During August

Spiegel interview with US Economist Kenneth Rogoff, “Some European Countries are Fundamentally Bankrupt”, Spiegel Online, 8 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,778875,00.html.

Spiegel Online Staff, “The Biggest Pressure to Act Falls on the Europeans”, Spiegel Online, 8 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,778930,00.html.

Liz Alderman, “Group of 7 Will Meet to Address Debt Issue”, The New York Times, 5 August, 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/06/business/global/group-of-7-to-meet-to-address-european-debt-crisis.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

During June

No author cited, “Some Like It Hot: Which Emerging Economies Are at Greatest Risk of Overheating”, The Economist, 30 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18895150.

During May

Felicity Barringer, “Groundwater Depletion Is Detected from Space”, The New York Times, 30 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/31/science/31water.html?hpw.

Liz Alderman, “Aid Pledge by Group of 8 Seeks to Bolster Arab Democracy”, The New York Times, 27 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/28/world/europe/28g8.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Editorial, “The G-8’s Self-Serving Math”, The New York Times, 24 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/25/opinion/25wed3.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211

During April

Martin Feldstein, “Just What Is It the G20 Does Again?” The Sydney Morning Herald, 28 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/business/just-what-is-it-the-g20-does-again-20110427-1dwup.html

Carsten Volkery, “Irish Banks Fail Stress Tests”, Spiegel Online, 1 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,754452,00.html

During March

Michael Sauga, “The Fundamental Problem with Efforts to Save the Euro”, Spiegel Online, 30 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,753509,00.html.

Timothy Garton Ash, “France Plays Hawk, Germany Demurs.  Libya Has Exposed Europe’s Fault Lines”, The Guardian, 24 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/mar/24/france-hawk-germany-demurs-libya-europe.

Associated Press, “France: London to Host Political Meeting on Libya”, The New York Times, 23 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2011/03/23/world/africa/AP-Libya-Diplomacy.html?ref=world.

Barry Carin, “Prospects for France’s Presidency of the G20”, East Asia Forum, 4 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/03/04/prospects-for-france%E2%80%99s-presidency-of-the-g20/.

Previous months

Laurie Goodstein, “Forecast Sees Muslim Population Levelling Off”, The New York Times, 27 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/27/world/27muslims.html?ref=world.

Richard Samans, Klaus Schwab, Mark Malloch-Brown, “Running the World, After the Crash”, Foreign Policy, January/February 2011. Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/1/02/running_the_world_after_the_crash?page=0,1.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, “OECD Economic Surveys: Euro Area”, December 200. The overview of the report available at: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/53/62/46642479.pdf


During October 2011

Juan Forero, “Argentine President Christine Fernandez de Kirchner is Re-elected”, The Washington Post, 24 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/americas/argentine-president-cristina-fernandez-de-kirchner-is-reelected/2011/10/23/gIQAAaFUAM_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Previous months

Max Strasser,Elections to Watch in 2011” [Argentina], Foreign Policy, 21 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/12/21/elections_to_watch_in_2011?page=0,6.

Alexei Barrionuevo, “Conflict Over Squatters Divides Argentina”, The New York Times, 26 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/27/world/americas/27argentina.html?src=me&ref=world.


During November 2011

Dennis Shanahan, “Julia Gillard Has Kicked Off a Campaign for Trade Reform at the G20 in Cannes”, The Australian, 3 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/world-politics/julia-gillard-has-kicked-off-a-campaign-for-trade-reform-at-the-g20-in-cannes/story-fn9hkofv-1226184175944.

Note that current issues and policies of the federal and state governments in Australia that are not directly related to G20 meetings are compiled elsewhere on this site.  Consult the home page: http://www.accci.com.au/default.htm.


During December 2012

No author cited, “Brazil’s Economy: A Breakdown of Trust”, The Economist, 8 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21567942-if-she-wants-second-term-dilma-rousseff-should-get-new-economic-team-breakdown-trust?fsrc=nlw|wwb|12-6-2012|4320319|34237756|.

Howard Schneider, “Amid Slowdown, Brazil Turns Inward”, The Washington Poste, 4 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/amid-slowdown-brazil-turns-inward/2012/12/03/32b49050-3a42-11e2-8a97-363b0f9a0ab3_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

During November

Paolo Moiola, “Agrarian Reform Should Be One of Brazil’s Priorities – Interview with Archbishop of Manaus”, Eurasia Review, 6 November 2012.  Available at:  http://www.eurasiareview.com/06112012-agrarian-reform-should-be-one-of-brazils-priorities-interview-archbishop-of-manaus/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29

During August

Erich Follath and Jens Gluesing, “How Good Governance Made Brazil a Model Nation”, Spiegel Online, 10 August, 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/good-governance-series-how-brazil-became-a-model-nation-a-843591.html.

During June

No author cited, “Brazil, China Sign Trade Agreements in Effort to Boost Investment Flows”, China Post, 23 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.chinapost.com.tw/international/americas/2012/06/23/345259/Brazil-China.htm.  See also an earlier policy paper by Brookings Institution, Carlos Pereira and João Augusto de Castro Neves, “Brazil and China: South-South Partnership of North-South Competition?” Policy Paper Number 26, March 2011.  Available at: www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2011/03_brazil_china_pereira/03_brazil_china_pereira.pdf.

Simon Romero, “As Growth Ebbs, Brazil Powers Up Its Bulldozers”, The New York Times, 21 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/22/world/americas/brazil-combats-slowdown-with-even-more-stimulus.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120622.

During April

Simon Romero and Jackie Calmes, “Brazil and US Accentuate the Positive”, The New York Times, 9 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/10/world/americas/in-dilma-rousseff-visit-brazil-and-us-accentuate-positive.html.

During March

Phillip Inman, “Brazil’s Economy Overtakes UK to Become World’s Sixth Largest”, The Guardian, 6 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/mar/06/brazil-economy-worlds-sixth-largest.

Simon Romero, “Slum Dwellers Are Defying Brazil’s Grand Design for Olympics”, The Wall Street Journal, 4 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/05/world/americas/brazil-faces-obstacles-in-preparations-for-rio-olympics.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22.

During December

Jeff Fick, “Brazil’s Economy Slows in 3Q, But Better Days Likely Ahead”, The Wall Street Journal, 6 December 2011.  Available at: http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20111206-709689.html.

During October

Alexei Barrionuevo, “After a Year in Economic Overdrive, Brazil Hopes to Elude Pitfalls“, The New York Times, 8 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/09/world/americas/dilma-rousseff-and-brazil-face-stiff-economic-test.html.

During June

Jean-Pierre Langellier, “Brazil Declares Ware on ‘Chronic Poverty’”, The Guardian, 7 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jun/07/brazil-dilma-rousseff-poverty-eradication.

No author cited, “Dilma’s First Big Test”, The Economist, 2 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18774732?story_id=18774732?fsrc=nlw|pub|06-08-2011|publishers

During May

Alexei Barrionuevo, “China’s Interest in Farmland Makes Brazil Uneasy”, The New York Times, 26 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/27/world/americas/27brazil.html.

Pecém, Ponta Da Madeira, Salgueiro and Suape, “Catching Up in a Hurry”, The Economist, 10 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18712379?story_id=18712379.

During March

Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, “Brazil and Its Chinese Challenges”, East Asia Forum, 17 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/03/17/brazil-and-its-chinese-challenges/.

During December

Susan Glasser, “The Foreign Policy Interview: The Soft-Power Power”, Foreign Policy, December 2010, Issue 183.  The author interviewed Celso Amorim, Foreign Minister of Brazil, about that nation’s role in the world.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/11/29/the_soft_power_power.

Alexei Barrionuevo, “Brazil’s New Leader Begins in Shadow of Predecessor”, The New York Times, 31 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/01/world/americas/01brazil.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22.

BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa)

During November 2012

Antoine van Agtmael, “Think Again: The BRICS”, Foreign Policy, November 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/10/08/think_again_the_brics.  See also Ruchir Sharma, “Broken BRICS: Why the Rest Stopped Rising”, Foreign Affairs, 22 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/138219/ruchir-sharma/broken-brics.

During September

Zaki Laïdi, “BRICS: Sovereignty Power and Weakness”, International Politics, Vol. 40, No. 5 (September 2012) pp. 614-632.  Available for purchase at: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/ip/journal/v49/n5/pdf/ip201217a.pdf.

During April

Rijiv Kuram, “BRICS Can Provide a Fall-Back Option”, East Asia Forum, 21 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/04/21/brics-can-provide-a-fall-back-option/.

Horace Campbell, “Africa and the BRICS Formation – OpEd”, Eurasia Review, 20 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/20042012-africa-and-the-brics-formation-oped/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%

During March

Yang Jingjie, “BRICS Mull Joint Bank”, People’s Daily Online, 29 March 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90883/7772873.html.


During October

Brian Lee Crowley, “Canada’s Fiscal Success Story”, The Washington Post, 20 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/canadas-fiscal-success-story/2012/10/28/4861723e-193a-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions.

During June

Adrienne Klasa, “Canada: The World’s Newest Petrostate Isn’t Playing Nice Anymore”, Foreign Policy 15 June 2012.  Available at: http://blog.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2012/06/15/canada_the_world_s_newest_petrostate_isn_t_playing_nice_anymore.

During February

No author cited, “Harper’s China Visit Ends with Panda Pact”, CBC News, 11 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2012/02/11/harper-china-saturday.html

Ian Johnson and Michael Wines, “As Canadians Talk Business, China’s Longtime Stance of Noninterference Is Tested”, The New York Times, 10 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/11/world/americas/talks-with-canadians-test-chinas-policy-of-noninterference.html.

During December

Damian Carrington and Adam Vaughan, “Canada Condemned at Home and Abroad for Pulling Out of Kyoto Treaty”, The Guardian, 13 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/dec/13/canada-condemned-kyoto-climate-treaty.

During June

Ian Austen, “Canada Suspends Mail Delivery After Strikes, The New York Times, 15 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/16/business/global/16postal.html?ref=world.

During March

Associated Press, “Canada’s Leader Faces Contempt Charge and Possible Election”, The New York Times, 21 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/22/world/americas/22canada.html?ref=world

During January

Anne Pélouas, “Canada’s First Nations Face Up to Industry”, Guardian Weekly, 4 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jan/04/canada-first-nations-industry-pelouas.


During December 2012

William Wan, “China Looks to Meat Exports to Boost Ties to Arab World”, The Washington Post, 27 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/china-looks-to-meat-exports-to-boost-ties-to-arab-world/2012/12/26/c258f93e-3688-11e2-bfd5-e202b6d7b501_story.html.

Stephen Chen, “High-Speed Train Route from Beijing to Guangzhou to ‘Ease Economic Slowdown’”, South China Morning Post, 27 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1113165/high-speed-train-route-beijing-guangzhou-ease-economic-slowdown.

Dr B R Deepak, “From China’s ‘Peaceful Rise’ to ‘Peaceful Development’: The Rhetoric and More – Analysis, Eurasia Review, 25 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/25122012-from-chinas-peaceful-rise-to-peaceful-development-the-rhetoric-and-more-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

A Greer Meisels, “Does China Belong in the WTO?”, The National Interest, 21 December 2012.  Available at: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/does-china-belong-the-wto-7895.

Chen Weihua and Bao Chang, “China and US Agree on Major Trade Measures, The People’s Daily, 21 December 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/8066064.html.

Xinhua, “China to Increase Income Control in Monopolised Sectors”, People’s Daily, 21 December 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/8065990.html.

Robert Keatley, “Foreign Policy Priorities for Xi Jinping”, The National Interest, 20 December 2012.  Available at: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/foreign-policy-priorities-xi-jinping-7874.

Edward Wong, “Signals of a More Open Economy in China”, The New York Times, 9 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/10/world/asia/chinese-leaders-visit-to-shenzhen-hints-at-reform.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121210&_r=0.

Wen-Ti Sung, “Rise of the Xi-Hu Coalition?” East Asia Forum, 5 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/12/05/rise-of-the-xi-hu-coalition/.

Zhang Hongzhou, “China’s Food Security: Sourcing from the Seas – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 5 December 2012.  Available: http://www.eurasiareview.com/05122012-chinas-food-security-sourcing-from-the-seas-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Henry M Paulson Jr, “How Cities Can Save China”, The New York Times, 4 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/05/opinion/how-cities-can-save-china.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121205.

Jonathan Ansfield, “How Crash Cover-Up Altered China’s Succession”, The New York Times, 4 December 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/05/world/asia/how-crash-cover-up-altered-chinas-succession.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121205&_r=0.

Dan Blumenthal and Phillip Swagel, “China and the Awkward Embrace”, The National Interest, 3 December 2012.  Available at: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/china-the-awkward-embrace-7797

During November

Minxin Pei, “What to Read on Chinese Politics”, Foreign Affairs, 27 November 2012.  Available at http://www.foreignaffairs.com/features/readinglists/what-to-read-on-chinese-politics.

Wan Qian, “Transformation Key to China’s Economic Growth”, People’s Daily, 18 November 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/8038405.html.

Edward Wong, “China’s Leadership Change Puts Pair Ahead of Their Peers for 2017”, The New York Times, 26 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/27/world/asia/new-generation-of-communist-party-leaders-prepare-for-next-round.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121127.

Xinhua, “China’s Economy to Expand by 8.4% in Q4: Report”, People’s Daily, 26 November 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/8033176.html.

Associated Press, “China Passports Claim Ownership of South China Sea and Taiwan”, The Guardian, 23 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/nov/23/china-passports-ownership-sea-taiwan.

David Barboza. “Lobbying, a Windfall and a Leader’s Family”, The New York Times, 24 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/25/business/chinese-insurers-regulatory-win-benefits-a-leaders-family.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121125&_r=0.

William Wan, “China’s Premier Delivers a Swan Song in Thailand”, The Washington Post, 22 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/chinas-premier-delivers-swan-song-in-thailand/2012/11/22/3684e0b4-3497-11e2-bfd5-e202b6d7b501_story.html.

Wu Zhenglong, “Australia Intends to ‘Break Away from Europe and Integrate into Asia’”, People’s Daily, 20 November 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/102774/8026792.html.  Note that this article is positioned with China, rather than Australia, since its principal contribution is to indicate a Party-approved opinion of the document entitled “Australia in the Asian Century” that is available at http://asiancentury.dpmc.gov.au/.

Wang Yanlin, “Body to Unite Chinese Investors in US”, People’s Daily, 20 November 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/8025514.html.

Arvind Subramanian and Martin Kessler, “The Rise and Rise of the Renminbi”, East Asia Forum, 18 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/11/18/the-rise-and-rise-of-the-renminbi/.

Cheng Li, “Opportunity Lost? Inside China’s Leadership Transition”, Foreign Policy, 16 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/11/16/opportunity_lost?page=0,0.

Sophie Richardson, “Six Ways China’s New Leader Could Be the Reformer the Chinese Have Been Waiting For”, Foreign Policy, 15 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/11/15/human_rights_now.

Christina Larson, “Goodbye to the Hu Jintao Era”, The New Republic”, 15 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.tnr.com/blog/plank/110209/goodbye-the-hu-jintao-era.  For more detail on the article in the Study Times, refer to Wang Zhicheng, “Party Paper Takes a Shot at the Leadership of Hu Jingao and Wen Jiabao”, AsiaNews.it, 18 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Party-paper-takes-a-shot-at-the-leadership-of-Hu-Jintao-and-Wen-Jiabao-25722.htm.

Teddy Ng, “New Politburo Pecking Order Reveals Changes”, South China Morning Post 16 November 212.  Available at: http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1083429/new-politburo-pecking-order-reveals-changes.

No author cited, “Time To Choose: Will the New Line-Up at the Top of the Communist Party Take the Radical Approach That Is Needed?, The Economist, 17 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21566668-will-new-line-up-top-communist-party-take-radical-approach?fsrc=nlw|wwp|11-15-2012|4161276|34237756|.

No author cited, “The New Members of China’s Ruling Body”, The New York Times, 14 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/11/14/world/asia/the-new-members-of-chinas-ruling-body.html.

B. Raman, “China: PLA Generals and CMC Vice-Chairman Back Hu’s Report – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 11 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/11112012-china-pla-generals-and-cmc-vice-chairman-back-hus-report-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

William Wan, “For China’s Next First Lady, a Lowered Profile”, The Washington Post, 11 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/for-chinas-next-first-lady-a-lowered-profile/2012/11/10/5fd3fd7a-29a6-11e2-96b6-8e6a7524553f_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Edward Wong, “Amid Calls to Open China’s Politics, Party Dings In”, The New York Times, 10 November 2012.  Available at:  http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/11/world/asia/chinese-communist-party-faces-calls-for-democracy.html?pagewanted=all.

Xinhua, “Hu Jingao Delivers Report to CPC Congress, Stresses Socialism with Chinese Characteristics”, People’s Daily, 8 November 2012.  The article includes links to excerpts to the report at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90785/8009908.html.

Ian Johnson and Keith Bradsher, ”On Way Out, China’s Leader Offers Praise for the Status Quo”, The New York Times, 8 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/09/world/asia/hu-jintao-exiting-communist-leader-cautions-china.html?_r=0&nl=todaysheadlines&adxnnl=1&emc=edit_th_20121109&adxnnlx=1352492572-QPeN954b9F39GRlJf0aw4A.

William Wan, “China’s Communist Leadership Set for Change” The Washington Post, 8 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/chinas-communist-leadership-set-for-change/2012/11/07/f3115bcc-28d0-11e2-bab2-eda299503684_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Edward Wong, “Long Retired, Ex-Leader of China Asserts Sway Over Top Posts”, The New York Times, 7 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/08/world/asia/jiang-zemin-ex-leader-of-china-asserts-sway-over-top-posts.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_2012110.

Keith Bradsher, “Facing Protests, China’s Business Investment Slows”, The New York Times, 6 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/07/business/global/facing-protests-chinas-business-investment-may-be-cooling.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121107.

B Raman, “Decoding China’s Core Interests – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 6 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/06112012-decoding-chinas-core-interests-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Jane Perlez, “Close Army Ties of China’s New Leader Could Test the US”, The New York Times, 3 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/04/world/asia/chinas-xi-jinping-would-be-force-for-us-to-contend-with.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121104.

No author cited, “China’s Path to Democracy”, People’s Daily Online, 3 November 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90785/8003385.html.

David Ignatius, “In China, a Guessing Game”, The Washington Post, 3 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/david-ignatius-chinas-handover-of-power-keeps-people-guessing/2012/11/02/0bf062c0-2532-11e2-9313-3c7f59038d93_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Berhhard Zand, “The Challenge for Beijing’s New Leaders: Chinese No Longer Bow to Autocratic Rule”, Spiegel Online, 2 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/challenge-for-new-leaders-chinese-no-longer-bow-to-autocratic-rule-a-864998.html.

Keith B Richburg, “In Communist China Women Officialy Equal but Lagging Far Behind Politically”, The Washington Post, 2 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/in-communist-china-women-officially-equal-but-lagging-far-behind-politically/2012/11/01/4af037a8-21da-11e2-92f8-7f9c4daf276a_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Edward Wong and Jonathan Ansfield, “Grabs for Power Behind Plan to Shrink Elite Circle”, The New York Times, 1 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/02/world/asia/change-at-top-of-chinas-elite-political-committee.html?nl=todaysheadlines&adxnnl=1&emc=edit_th_20121102&adxnnlx=1351882224-SeR6y0Ih4y38+wmvO0/rcQ.

Xinhua, “China to Seek Closer Cooperation at Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM)”, China Daily 1 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-11/01/content_15862589.htm.

During October

Associated Press, “China Think Tank Urges End of One-Child Policy, The Guardian 31 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/31/china-thinktank-abolition-one-child-policy

Jane Perlez and Keith Bradsher, “Former Chinese Diplomat Says US Is Using Japan to Make Gains in Asia”, The New York Times, 30 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/31/world/asia/in-speech-organized-by-beijing-ex-diplomat-calls-islands-dispute-with-japan-a-time-bomb.html.

Chen Jia, “Economic Outlook Brightens for China”, People’s Daily, 29 October 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7993927.html.

Howard Schneider, “China’s Advantage Erodes in a Key Area: Rare Earth Minerals”. The Washington Post, 27 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/as-candidates-promise-a-crackdown-chinas-advantage-erodes-in-a-key-area/2012/10/26/2363a766-1a18-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Yoonbai Kim, “The Renminbi Debate: A Review of Controversies and New Developments”, Seri Quarterly, 27 October 2012.  Available for downloading with registration at: http://seriquarterly.com/03/qt_Section_read.html?mncd=0305&pub=20120418&Falocs=03&dep=5&pubseq=277.

J M, “Torrent of Scandal”, The Economist, 26 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/analects/2012/10/chinas-ruling-families?spc=scode&spv=xm&ah=9d7f7ab945510a56fa6d37c30b6f1709.

No author cited, China’s Consumer-Leg Growth”, The Economist, 20 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2012/10/rebalancing-china?spc=scode&spv=xm&ah=9d7f7ab945510a56fa6d37c30b6f1709.

Robert Keatley, “China: Too Big to Fail”, The National Interest, 17 October 2012,  Available at: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/china-too-big-fail-7606.

Spiegel Staff, “The Hidden Price of Food from China”, Spiegel Online, 17 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/europe-worries-about-health-hazards-of-cheap-food-from-china-a-861406.html.

Erich Follath and Wieland Wagner, “The Battle for China’s Most Powerful Office”, Spiegel Online, 18 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/murder-sex-and-corruption-beijing-s-difficult-transition-of-power-a-861837.html.

Keith Richburg, “China’s Growth Slows for 7th Straight Quarter”, The Washington Post, 18 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/food/chinas-growth-slows-for-7th-straight-quarter/2012/10/18/7835c488-18e0-11e2-a346-f24efc680b8d_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.  For additional analysis:

Jane Cai, “Mainland Stabilises as Growth Picks Up”, South China Morning Post, 19 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.scmp.com/business/economy/article/1064326/mainland-stabilises-growth-picks.

Chen Jia, “Signs Suggest Stable Q3 Growth”, China Daily, 17 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-10/17/content_15825755.htm.

Cary Huang, “China’s New Economic Team Must Grapple with Multiple Challenges”, South China Morning Post, 17 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1062599/chinas-new-economic-team-must-grapple-multiple-challenges.

Yiping Huang, “The ‘New Normal’ of Chinese Growth”, East Asia Forum, 14 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/10/14/the-new-normal-of-chinese-growth/.

Keith Bradsher, “China Exports Rise, Hinting at a Glimmer of a Revival”, The New York Times, 13 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/14/business/global/china-exports-rise-hinting-at-a-glimmer-of-revival.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121014.

Jason Scott, “China’s Emissions Trading May Spur Global Accord, Report Says”, Bloomberg, 11 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-10-11/china-s-emissions-trading-may-spur-global-accord-report-says.html.  See also Leslie Hook, “China’s Guangdong Unveils Ambitious Carbon Trading Scheme”, Financial Times, 12 September 2012.  Available at: http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2012/09/12/chinas-guangdong-unveils-ambitious-carbon-trading-scheme/#axzz2AjZ0sSDB.

Erica Downs, “China’s Oil Investment Is Not a Threat”, Foreign Policy, 10 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/10/10/China_Nexen_CNOOC_CFIUS.

John Garnaut, “New Chinese Leader Xi Jinping Is ‘The Man for the Times’, Says Rudd”, The Sydney Morning Herald, 6 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/world/new-chinese-leader-xi-jinping-is-the-man-for-the-times-says-rudd-20121005-274pq.html.

Bernhard Zand, “China’s Communists May Emerge Stronger from Scandal”, Spiegel Online, 4 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/bo-xilai-scandal-might-have-actually-strengthened-chinese-leadership-a-859410.html

Mandip Singh, “Assertiveness in the People’s Liberation Army: Pressure on the Party? – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 2 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/02102012-assertiveness-in-the-peoples-liberation-army-pressure-on-the-party-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

During September

Elizabeth Economy, “Hedging Bets Through China’s Transition”, The Washington Post, 29 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-world-hedges-its-bets-through-chinas-transition/2012/09/28/081cc5a6-097d-11e2-a10c-fa5a255a9258_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Andrew Jacobs, “China Politics Stall Overhaul for Economy”, The New York Times, 26 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/27/world/asia/chinas-politics-hinder-effort-to-shore-up-economy.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120927.

Richard Rousseau, “The Cracks in the Russia-China-Tandem – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 21 September 2012. Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/21092012-the-cracks-in-the-russia-china-tandem-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Chico Harlan and Jia Lynn Yang, “China Sends Patrol Ships to Contested Islands After Japan Buys Them”, The Washington Post, 12 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/china-sends-patrol-boats-to-contested-islands-chinese-state-media-says/2012/09/11/83f491ba-fbf2-11e1-8adc-499661afe377_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines_nonlocal.

Jia Lynn Yang, “China’s Manufacturing Sector Shrinks”, The Washington Post, 3 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/chinas-manufacturing-sector-shrinks/2012/09/03/02c9c94c-f572-11e1-86a5-1f5431d87dfd_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines_nonlocal.

Yiping Huang, “The Changing Face of Chinese Investment” East Asia Forum, 3 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/09/03/the-changing-face-of-chinese-investment/.

During August

Bijun Wang, “Upgrading China’s Economy through Outward Investment, East Asia Forum, 30 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/08/30/upgrading-chinas-economy-through-outward-odi/.

Stephen Platt and Jeffrey Wasserstrom, “China’s Long History of Defying the Doomsayers”, The Atlantic, 30 August 2012.  Available at http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/08/chinas-long-history-of-defying-the-doomsayers/261783/.

William Wan, “China’s Coming Leadership Change Met with a Shrug”, The Washington Post, 31 August 2012. Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/chinas-coming-leadership-change-met-with-a-shrug/2012/08/30/e888fe2e-f19b-11e1-adc6-87dfa8eff430_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines_nonlocal.

Minxin Pei, “Everything You Think You Know About China Is Wrong”, Foreign Policy, 29 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/08/29/everything_you_think_you_know_about_china_is_wrong.

Keith Bradsher, “China Confronts Mounting Piles of Unsold Goods”, The New York Times, 23 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/24/business/global/chinas-economy-besieged-by-buildup-of-unsold-goods.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120824.

He Guangwei, “Is China’s Low-Cost Era Approaching Its End?”, People’s Daily Online, 17 August 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/102774/7915127.html#liuyan,

Nabeel A Mancheri, “China’s White Paper on Rare Earths”, East Asia Forum, 16 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/08/16/chinas-white-paper-on-rare-earths/.

Associated Press, “Chinese Companies Pull Out of US Stock Markets”, The Washington Post, 15 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/chinese-firms-leave-us-stock-markets-amid-complaints-about-price-accounting-scrutiny/2012/08/14/6348f406-e64e-11e1-9739-eef99c5fb285_story.html.

Edward Wong and Jonathan Ansfield, “Party Bristles at Military’s Push for More Sway in China”, The New York Times, 7 August 2012.  Available at:  http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/08/world/asia/chinas-military-seeks-more-sway-worrying-communist-party.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120808.

Zhang Xiaojing, “Outlook Not that Pessimistic”, People’s Daily, 6 August 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7900111.html.  For more detail on the demographic projections for China, refer to:  “Will China’s National Security Objectives Remain Compatibility with Recent Population Trends?  A Review Essay of a Book on Population Decline and Power Politics”, 10 July 2012.  Available at: http://accci.com.au/PopulationTrendsandChina’sNationalSecurity.pdf.

Daniel Rosen, “Chinese Financial Repression and Outbound Investment”, East Asia Forum, 1 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/aug/14/julian-assange-asylum-ecuador-wikileakshttp://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/08/01/financial-repression-and-outbound-investment/.

During July

Xinhua, “China to Send Teams to Inspect Property Regulation”, People’s Daily, 25 July 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90785/7886711.html.

No author cited, “US Factories Eye Home as China Costs Rise”, People’s Daily, 25 July 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7887455.html.

Yao Yang, “Chinese Investment: A New Form of Colonialism?” East Asia Forum, 24 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/07/24/a-new-form-of-colonialism/.

Edward Wong and Jonathan Ansfield, “China’s Communist Elders Take Backroom Intrigue Beachside”, The New York Times, 21 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/22/world/asia/chinas-communist-elders-take-backroom-intrigue-beachside.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120722.

“Collection of Newly Appointed Provincial Party Chiefs”, People’s Daily, undated.  Available at: http://english.people.com.cn/90785/7867546.html.  Includes photos and short bios.

Wei Tan, “Economist: Guard Against Investment Fever”, People’s Daily, 19 July 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7881095.html.

Michael Wines, “As China Talks of Change, Fear Rises on the Risks”, The New York Times, 17 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/18/world/asia/as-china-talks-of-change-fear-rises-on-risks.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120718.

George J Gilboy and Eric Heginbotham, “China and India: A Reality Check”, East Asia Forum, 15 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/07/15/china-and-india-a-reality-check/.

Deborah Bräutigam, “Using Official Chinese Development Aid to Support Investment”, East Asia Forum, 9 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/07/09/using-official-development-aid-to-support-investment/.

Zhang Yuwei, “China Q2 Growth Slows to 3-Year Low of 7.6%”, China Daily, 13 July 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7875015.html.

Yu Fenghui, “Commercial Property Market a Bubble Waiting to Explode”, People’s Daily, 13 July 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7874187.html.

People’s Daily Online, “Private Deals between US, Japan Concerning Diaoyu Islands ‘Invalid’: Chinese FM”, People’s Daily 11 July 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90883/7871173.html.

WTO Press Release, “China Renews Its Contribution of USD 400,000 to the China Program for Least Developed Countries Under the WTO Aid for Trade Initiative”, World Trade Organisation Technical Assistance, 5 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres12_e/pr666_e.htm.

Binay Srivastava, “The Rise and Fall of Chinese Economic Diplomacy”, Daily News and Analysis, 3 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.dnaindia.com/analysis/column_rise-and-fall-of-chinese-economic-diplomacy_1709754.

During June

Xinhua, “China Revising Funds Law to Protect Investors”, People’s Daily, 27 June 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90785/7857401.html

Xinhua, “China’s Non-Financial Overseas Direct Investment Jumps 40 Per cent”, People’s Daily, 27 June 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7857323.html

No author cited, “Brazil, China Sign Trade Agreements in Effort to Boost Investment Flows”, China Post, 23 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.chinapost.com.tw/international/americas/2012/06/23/345259/Brazil-China.htm.  See also an earlier policy paper by Brookings Institution, Carlos Pereira and João Augusto de Castro Neves, “Brazil and China: South-South Partnership of North-South Competition?” Policy Paper Number 26, March 2011.  Available at: www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2011/03_brazil_china_pereira/03_brazil_china_pereira.pdf.

Yun Sun, “The Logic of China’s North Korea Policy”, PacNet, No. 39, 21 June 201.  Available at: http://csis.org/files/publication/Pac1239.pdf.

No author cited, “Free-Range Banks: China’s Banks Gain a Little More Financial Freedom”, The Economist, 16 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21556943?fsrc=nlw|wwb|6-14-2012|2119839|34237756|.

Li Xiaokun, “Li Pledges To Help Solve Debt Crisis”, China Daily, 15 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-06/15/content_15503642.htm.

No author cited, “Why China’s Export Growth Rebounds Robustly”, People’s Daily, 15 June 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7847226.html.

Yang Ou, “China Key Driver for Global Economic Recovery”, People’s Daily, 14 June 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7846246.html.

Andrew Higgins, “In Philippines, Banana Growers Feel Effect of South China Sea Dispute”, The Washington Post, 11 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/in-philippines-banana-growers-feel-effect-of-south-china-sea-dispute/2012/06/10/gJQA47WVTV_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines_Mon.

Keith Bradsher, “Selling Abroad, China Eases Slump at Home”, The New York Times, 10 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/11/business/global/with-surge-in-exports-china-eases-economic-slump-at-home.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120611

Xinhua, “China to Stand Firm on Property Controls”, People’s Daily, 9 June 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7840807.html

Josephine Moulds, “China Cuts Rates as Fears Grow that Economy Is Stalling”, The Guardian, 7 June 2012.  Available at:  http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jun/07/china-cuts-rates-fear-grows-economy-stalling.  See also Wang Xiaotian, “Interest Rates Cut to Tackle Slowing Growth, China Daily, 8 June 2012.  Available at: http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2012-06/08/content_15484246.htm.

Liu Yiyu, “High Inventory Levels Signal Weaker Demand”, People’s Daily, 7 June 2012.  http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7838970.html.  

Keith Richburg, “As China’s Economy Slows, Its Leaders Face and Impasse on Which Levers to Pull”, The Washington Post, 6 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/as-chinas-growth-slows-its-leaders-face-an-impasse/2012/06/05/gJQA7KaEGV_story.html.

No author cited, “Chinese Economy on Course to Stabilise in May”, People’s Daily, 5 June 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7836334.html.

Anis Bajrektarevic, “What China Wants in Asia: 1975 or 1908?” Geopolitical Monitor, 1 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.geopoliticalmonitor.com/what-china-wants-in-asia-1975-or-1908-4682/.

During May

John Lee, “China’s Corporate Leninism”, The American Interest, May/June Issue 2012, pp. 36-44.  Available online to subscribers at: http://www.the-american-interest.com/article.cfm?piece=1231

Hua Min, “Anti-Monopoly Push May Fail to Woo Private Capital”, People’s Daily 31 May 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7831720.html.

Michael Wines, “China Begins New Round of Stimulus, With Caution”, The New York Times, 30 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/31/world/asia/in-china-a-new-round-of-stimulus.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120531.

Steven Mufson, “China Asks WTO to Block US Tariffs”, The Washington Post, 26 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/2012/05/25/gJQA7rNiqU_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines_Sat.

Mure DIckie, “Chinese Urged to Spend More, Save Less”, The Washington Post, 26 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/chinese-urged-to-spend-more-save-less/2012/05/25/gJQAWsBFqU_story.html.  The recent World Bank report on China that is referred to in the article is the “China Quarterly Update – April 2012” at: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/2012/04/12/china-quarterly-update-april-2012.

Fareed Zakaria, “China’s Economic Crisis”, The Washington Post, 24 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/chinas-economic-crisis/2012/05/23/gJQAB9zclU_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions.  Note that this is a similar analysis and commentary to the World Bank report cited below (first entry in During February).

No author cited: How Strong is China’s Economy?”, The Economist, 24 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21555915.

Wei Tian, Hu Yuanyuan and Oswald Chen, “Slowing Growth Rate Note Unexpected”, People’s Daily, 15 May 2012.  Available at:  http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7817079.html.

Keith B. Richburg, “Kidnapped Fishermen’s Case Angers Chinese Public, The Washington Post, 24 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/kidnapped-fishermens-case-raise-chinese-publics-ire/2012/05/23/gJQAJrDWkU_story.html.

Wei Tian, “Wen Urges More Support for Growth”, People’s Daily, 21 May 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90785/7821652.html.

Yukon Huang, “China’s Economic Rise: Opportunity or Threat for East Asia”, East Asia Forum, 20 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/05/20/chinas-economic-rise-opportunity-or-threat-for-east-asia/.

Greg Jaffe, “China Strengthens Military, Pentagon Report Says”, The Washington Post, 19 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/china-strengthens-military-pentagon-report-says/2012/05/18/gIQAgoGbZU_story.html?wpisrc=nl_hdlns_wknds.  The Pentagon report is available at: http://www.defense.gov/pubs/pdfs/2012_CMPR_Final.pdf.  For China’s response to the report see: Tan Yingzi and Zhao Shengnan, “Pentagon’s Tone Softens on Chinese Military Growth”, People’s Daily 21 May 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90883/7821614.html.

Keith Richburg and William Wan, “As Chen Guangcheng Flies to US, Concern Persists Over Family Members Left Behind”, The Washington Post, 20 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/chen-guangcheng-leaves-beijing-hospital-headed-for-us/2012/05/19/gIQApKMEaU_story.html?wpisrc=nl_hdlns_wknds.

Ian Johnson, “16 Retired Chinese Communist Party Officials Call for 2 Top Leaders to Step Down”, The New York Times, 17 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/pages/world/index.html.

Zhang Monan, “Short-Term Trade Recovery Expected to Elude China”, People’s Daily, 16 May 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7818074.html.

Ren Xiao, “China: A Reform-Minded Status-Quo Power”, East Asia Forum, 16 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/05/16/china-a-reform-minded-status-quo-power/.

Doug Young, “US, China Must Co-operate to Defuse Confidence Crisis”, People’s Daily, 14 May 2012.  Available a: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7815362.html.

Yi Xianrong, “Regulations Holding Back Financial Sector’s Progress”, People’s Daily, 11 May 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7813989.html.

Keith Bradsher, “Amid Signs of Economic Weaknesses, China to Free Cash for Lending”, The New York Times, 12 May 2012. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/13/business/global/after-disappointing-figures-china-will-try-to-stimulate-economy.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120513.

Steven Lee Myer and Mark Landler, “Behind Twists of Diplomacy in the Case of a Chinese Dissident”, The New York Times, 9 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/09/world/asia/behind-twists-of-diplomacy-in-case-of-chen-guangcheng.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120509.

Daniel De Vise and William Wan, “Prominent Legal Scholar and China Expert Comes to Aid of Chen Guangcheng”, The Washington Post, 5 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/prominent-legal-scholar-and-china-expert-comes-to-aid-of-chen-guangcheng/2012/05/04/gIQANDD61T_story.html.  See also Keith Richburg, “Chinese Newspaper Apologises for Anti-Chen, Anti-US Editorial”, The Washington Post, 5 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/chinese-newspaper-apologizes-for-anti-chen-anti-us-editorial/2012/05/05/gIQAXkNu2T_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Tania Branigan and Ewen MacAskill, “US Expect China to Allow Dissident Chen Guangcheng to Travel Abroad”, The Guardian, 4 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/may/04/us-expects-chen-guangcheng-travel-permission.

Derek Scissors, “Chinese Economic Reform: How the US Should Prepare”, East Asia Forum, 3 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/05/03/chinese-economic-reform-how-the-us-should-prepare/.

During May

Martin Feldstein, “China to Follow Path of Pro-Market Reforms”, The Sydney Morning Herald, 1 May 2013.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/business/world-business/china-to-follow-path-of-promarket-reforms-20130430-2iqym.html.

During April

Luo Lan, “’Global Boss’ False Flattery for Chinese Central Bank”, People’s Daily, 30 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7804068.html

Luo Lan, “Growth Rate Should Not Take Centre Stage in Chinese Economy”, People’s Daily, 29 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7803779.html.  See also Xinhua, “Foreign Trade Situation ‘Far from Optimistic’”, People’s Daily, 18 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7802846.html.

Zheng Yangpeng, “China Lowers Goal for Trade Growth”, People’s Daily, 27 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7801914.html.

Howard Schneider, “Geithner Presses China on Banking Reform”, The Washington Post, 27 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/geithner-calls-on-china-to-speed-up-banking-reform/2012/04/26/gIQAcJT0jT_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Keith B Richburg, “With Bo Xilai’s Ouster, China’s Premier Pushes More Reform”, The Washington Post, 27 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/with-bo-xilais-ouster-chinas-premier-pushes-reform/2012/04/26/gIQAvhoCkT_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

G E, “Avatar 2: Made in China?”, The Economist, 24 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/analects/2012/04/international-film-industry.

Eurasia Review, “Stirring up the South China Sea, Eurasia Review, 24 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/24042012-stirring-up-the-south-china-sea/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Bloomberg New, “China Politburo’s Zhou Calls for Party Loyalty in Speech”, The Washington Post, 24 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/china-politburos-zhou-calls-for-party-loyalty-in-speech/2012/04/24/gIQAF4p0dT_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines,

Wang Xiaotian, “Loan Rates First Step in Reform”, People’s Daily 24, April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7797247.html.

Huang Jingjing, “22 Million Chinese Seek Immigration to US: Study”, People’s Daily, 24 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90882/7796441.html.

Liang Heng, “10 Political Essays That Have Influenced China”, People’s Daily 24 April 2012.  Available http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90782/7797190.html.

David Barboza, “As China Official Rose, His Family’s Wealth Grew”, The New York Times, 23 April 2012. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/24/world/asia/bo-xilais-relatives-wealth-is-under-scrutiny.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120424.

No author cited, “China’s Achilles Heel: A Comparison with America Reveals a Deep Flaw in China’s Model of Growth”, The Economist, 21 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21553056?fb_ref=activity.

Xinhua, “Commentary”: CPC Shows No Tolerance for Corruption”, People’s Daily, 20 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90785/7793394.html.

No author cited, “Fair Play or Foul? The Chinese Yuan Now Looks Close to Its Fair Value”, The Economist, 21 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21553041?fsrc=nlw|wwb|4-19-2012|1436539|34237756|.

Tania Branigan, “Bo Xilai Case Shines Light on Corruption in China”, The Guardian, 19 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/apr/19/bo-xilai-light-corruption-china.

Li Mingjiang, “China’s Rising Maritime Aspirations”, East Asian Forum, 19 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/04/19/china-s-rising-maritime-aspirations/.

Howard Schneider, “Geithner: Recent China Currency and Trade Moves ‘Significant’”, The Washington Post, 19 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/geithner-recent-china-currency-and-trade-moves-significant/2012/04/18/gIQAkEFjRT_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Xinhua, “Reform Will Not Impair Public Institutions: Ministries”, People’s Daily, 18 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90785/7790432.html.

Xinhua, “IMF Projects China Economy to Grow 8.2%”, People’s Daily, 18 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90778/7790841.html.

Michael Wines and Keith Bradsher, “Chinese Media Fight Scandal Fallout; Focus on Bo’s Family”, The New York Times, 12 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/13/world/asia/chinese-image-makers-race-to-contain-scandal.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120413.

Xinua, “Australia, China Sign MOU on Infrastructure Cooperation”, People’s Daily, 10 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90883/7782381.html.

Huang Dahui, “China, Japan and South Korea Should Promote Cooperation”, People’s Daily, 10 April, 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90780/7782639.html.

No author cited, “The Dragon’s New Teeth: A Rare Look Inside the World’s Biggest Military Expansion”, The Economist, 7 April 201.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21552193?fsrc=nlw%7Chig%7C4-5-2012%7C1303226%7C36310463.

Jonathan Fenby, “China Is Deeply Flawed. Its Dominance Is Not Inevitable”, The Guardian, 5 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/apr/05/china-dominance-not-inevitable?INTCMP=SRCH.

Jacob Kirkegaard, “Why the Euro Zone Crisis Will Impact Little on Europe’s Relations with China”, East Asia Forum, 3 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/04/03/why-the-euro-zone-crisis-will-impact-little-on-europe-s-relations-with-china/.

Randal C Archibold, “China Buys Inroads in the Caribbean, Catching US Notice”, The New York Times, 7 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/08/world/americas/us-alert-as-chinas-cash-buys-inroads-in-caribbean.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120408.

Gao Changxin, “Banking Monopoly by State Sector Targeted”, People’s Daily, 5 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90785/7777912.html,

No author cited, “China’s Military Rise”, The Economist, 7 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21552212.

Katie Allen, “China Overtakes US as World’s Biggest Grocery Market”, The Guardian, 4 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/apr/04/china-biggest-grocery-market-world.

William Wan, “Rising US-China Mistrust Has Dangerous Long-Term Implications Brookings Study Says”, The Washington Post, 3 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/rising-us-china-mistrust-has-dangerous-long-term-implications-brookings-study-says/2012/04/02/gIQA9EkqrS_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.  The Brooking study is available at: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2012/0330_china_lieberthal/0330_china_lieberthal.pdf.  Additional commentary is available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/03/world/asia/chinese-insider-offers-rare-glimpse-of-us-china-frictions.html?ref=world.  A translation of the Brookings study into Chinese is available at: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2012/0330_china_lieberthal/0330_china_lieberthal_chinese.pdf.

Wu Zhiyi, “Li Focuses on Boosting Growth in Asia”, People’s Daily Online, 3 April 2012.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90883/7777299.html.  Note that the full text Li Keqiang’s speech at the opening ceremony of Boao Forum is available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90883/7777309.html.

Talak Jha, “2012 BRICS Summit: What Is China’s Significance? – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 3 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/03042012-2012-brics-summit-what-is-chinas-significance-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

During March

Jane Perlez, “US and China Press for Influence in Myanmar”, The New York Times, 30 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/31/world/asia/myanmar-reforms-set-us-and-china-in-race-for-sway.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120331.

Li Mingjiang, “China’s Rising Maritime Aspirations: Impact on Beijing’s Good Neighbour Policy – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, http://www.eurasiareview.com/31032012-chinas-rising-maritime-aspirations-impact-on-beijings-good-neighbour-policy-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%.

Keith B Richburg and Andrew Higgins, “After Bo’s Ouster, a Mysterious Death Adds to China’s Churning Rumour Mill”, The Washington Post, 29 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/after-bos-ouster-a-mysterious-death-adds-to-chongqings-churning-rumor-mill/2012/03/28/gIQASEmZhS_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Bhavna Sing, “China’s Political Transition 2012: Seize, Snap or Smoothen? – Analysis”, Eurasian Review, 28 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/28032012-chinas-political-transition-2012-seize-snap-or-smoothen-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Garry Blight and Guardian Research Department, “China: A Decade of Change – Interactive Timeline”, The Guardian, 23 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/interactive/2012/mar/23/china-decade-change-interactive-timeline.

No author cited, “Practicing Law Now Will Require an Oath of Allegiance to the Communist Party”, AsiaNews, 22 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Practicing-law-now-will-require-an-oath-of-allegiance-to-the-Communist-Party-24310.html.

Tania Branigan, “China’s Foreign Policy Is Playing Catch-Up with Its New Status”, The Guardian, 22 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/22/china-foreign-policy-catchup-status.

Michael Wines and Jonathan Ansfield, “Report on Ousted China Official Shows Effort at Damage Control”, The New York Times, 19 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/20/world/asia/bo-xilai-accused-of-interfering-with-corruption-case.html.

Xujun Eberlein, “On Bo Xilia’s “Chongqing Model”, Inside-Out China, 20 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.haohaoreport.com/l/34079.

Jonathan Watts, “Winds of Change Blow Through China as Spending on Renewable Energy Soars”, The Guardian, 19 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/19/china-windfarms-renewable-energy.

Xu Guiqing, “China Intends Leveraging Private Capital to Resolve Local Debt Problems” (original text 中国拟借力民间资本化解地方债问题), Reuters (China edition), 16 March 2012.  Available at: http://cn.reuters.com/article/CNAnalysesNews/idCNCNE82F08K20120316.

Reuters, “Import Surge Sends China Trade to Decade-Deep Deficit”, Reuters (US edition), 10 March 2012.  Available at:  http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/03/10/us-china-economy-trade-idUSBRE82904820120310

No author cited, “China’s New Growth Targets, “Year of the Tortoise”, The Economist, 10 Mach 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21549977?fsrc=nlw%7Cnewe%7C3-8-2012%7Cbusiness_this_week.

No author cited, “The End of Cheap China”, The Economist, 10 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21549956?fsrc=nlw|pub|4-25-2012|1503018|34237756|.

Yukon Huang, “The Challenge for China’s New Leaders: The Dangers of Allowing Inequality to Worsen”, Foreign Affairs, 7 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/137316/yukon-huang/the-challenge-for-chinas-new-leaders?page=show.

“Highlights of Premier Wen’s Government Work Report”, Xinhua News, 5 March 2012.  Available at: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-03/05/c_131446870.htm.

The People’s Republic of China, “China NPC 2012: The Reports”, The Wall Street Journal, 5 March 2012.

Report on the Work of the Government (Premier Wen Jiabao) -- English or Chinese.

National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) Draft Plan for National Economic and Social Development -- English or Chinese.

Ministry of Finance Budget Report -- English or Chinese.

For continuity with earlier NCP Reports: Full text of NPC 2011 Premier Wen’s Government Work Report”, China Daily, 5 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2011npc/keyreports_3.html.  Note that links are available for seven other documents pertaining to the NCP and CPPCC at the same China Daily location. 

Michael Wines, “In China’s Annual Assessment, Wen Is Optimistic”, The New York Times, 5 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/06/world/asia/prime-minister-wen-jiabao-of-china-opens-legislature.html.

Keith Bradsher, “In China, Sobering Signs of Slower Growth, The New York Times, 5 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/06/business/global/in-china-sobering-signs-of-a-slower-growth.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120306.

Jodi Hilton, “Chinese Cars, Made in Bulgaria: China’s First Car Plant in Europe Just Revved Up”, Globalpost, 4 March, 2012.  Available at: http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/europe/120302/china-new-auto-plant-bulgaria-great-wall-motors

Jane Perlez, “Continuing Build-Up, China Boosts Military Spending More than 11 Percent”, The New York Times, 4 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/05/world/asia/china-boosts-military-spending-more-than-11-percent.html.

During February

JM, “2030 Vision: China and the World Bank”, The Economist, 28 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/analects/2012/02/china-and-world-bank.  Note that the link to the 468-page report on China by the World Bank is contained in the article, and is also reproduced here as: http://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/China-2030-complete.pdf.

Gregor Peter Schmitz, “Beijing Wants Say in Choice of World Bank Head”, Spiegel Online, 27 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,817905,00.html.

David Barboza, “A Call for Beijing to Loosen Its Grip on the Economic Reins”, The New York Times, 27 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/28/business/global/world-bank-calls-for-changes-in-chinese-economy.html.

Wieland Wagner, “Successful Chinese Emigration to West in Droves”, Spiegel Online, 24 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,817092,00.html.

dsl, “Chinese Open First Car Plant in Europe”, The Guardian, 22 February, 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/business/0,1518,816851,00.html.

Lee Il Houng, “Is Risk in the Eye of the Beholder?”, China Daily, 21 February 2012.  Available at: http://www2.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2012-02/21/content_14653543.htm.

Wu Jiao and Chen Weihua, “Xi to US: Ease up on Trade Blocks” China Daily, 19 February 2012.  Available at: http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-02/19/content_14641053.htm

Keith Richburg, “Xi Jinping’s US Trip Plays Well in China”, The Washington Post, 19 February 2012.  http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/chinese-vice-president-xi-jinpings-us-trip-plays-well-back-home/2012/02/18/gIQAhsWkLR_story.html.

Wang Min, China’s Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, “China’s Position on Syria Issue”, China Daily, 18 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/world/2012-02/18/content_14638103.htm.

David Barboza, “China Takes New Step to Prime Its Slowing Economy”, The New York Times, 18 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/business/global/china-takes-new-step-to-prime-its-slowing-economy.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Xinhua, “Official Calls for Confidence in Economy”, China Daily, 18 February 2012.  Available at: http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2012-02/18/content_14639392.htm.

Conal Urquhart, “China Backs Assad Before Syrian Forces Open Fire at Funeral”, The Guardian, 18 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/18/china-backs-assad-syria-attacks.

Michelle Dammon Loyalka, “Chinese Labour, Cheap No More”, The New York Times, 17 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/18/opinion/chinese-labor-cheap-no-more.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=thab1.

Timothy Garton Ash, “Why Barack Obama and Xi Jinping Need an Australian Retreat with Kevin Rudd”, The Guardian, 15 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/feb/15/xi-jinping-china-barack-obama-australia.

Editorial, “The Enablers”, The New York Times, 14 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/15/opinion/the-enablers.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Keith B. Richburg, “In China, Will Transition Bring Real Change”, The Washington Post, 12 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/in-china-will-transition-bring-real-change/2012/02/10/gIQABrkd6Q_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Associated Press, “Chinese Economic Growth at Risk from European Downturn”, The Guardian, 6 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/feb/06/chinese-economic-growth-risk-european-downturn.

Reuters, “China Defends Syria Veto in People’s Daily Article”, The Guardian, 6 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/06/china-syria-veto-peoples-daily.

No author cited, “Time for a Property Tax: A Way to Stabilise Both China’s Wild Property Market and Its Weak Local Finances”, The Economist, 4 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21546014.

No author cited, “Protecting the Middle Class: China’s Leaders Nod to the Left, but Look Anxiously to the Right”, The Economist, 3 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18070364.  Note that an  comparison of housing prices in 20 countries is available in The Economist at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/11/global-house-prices.

Sebastian Mallady and Olin Wethington, “The Future of the Yuan: China’s Struggle to Internationalise Its Currency”, Foreign Affairs, Vol, 91, No. 1 (Jan/Feb 2012) pp. 135-146.  Available at: http://search.proquest.com.wwwproxy0.library.unsw.edu.au/docview/912658296/135EA32F6A3195ACF30/11?accountid=12763.

During January

Keith Bradsher, “WTO Orders China to Stop Export Taxes on Minerals”, The New York Times, 30 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/31/business/wto-orders-china-to-stop-export-taxes-on-minerals.html.  Additional commentary on China’s attempt to limit exports of minerals is summarised by John Vidal in “Rare Minerals Dearth Threatens Global Renewables Industry, The Guardian 27 January 2012 and is available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/jan/27/rare-minerals-global-renewables-industry.  Note also that the PriceWaterhouseCoopers report referred to by Vidal can be obtained at: http://www.pwc.com/gx/en/sustainability/research-insights/metal-minerals-scarcity.jhtml.

Andrew Higgins, “More than 2 Dozen Chinese Workers Captured in Sudan Attack”, The Washington Post, 30 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/more-than-2-dozen-chinese-workers-captured-in-sudan-attack/2012/01/29/gIQAuFnFaQ_story.html.

Minxin Pei, “Five Myths About China’s Power”, The Washington Post, 27 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/five-myths-about-chinas-power/2012/01/20/gIQA3CFSTQ_story.html?hpid=z2.

Nitin Pai, “Taiwan’s Vote and Its International Implications”, East Asia Forum, 26 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/01/26/taiwan-s-vote-and-its-international-implications/.

No author cited, “Two Twists in the Dragon’s Tail: China’s Consumpti0n Ratio Is No Longer Falling.  Its Reserves Are No Longer Rising”, The Economist, 21 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21543176.

Reuters Video, “China Struggles with New Year Migration, Reuters US Edition, 16 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.reuters.com/video/2012/01/19/china-struggles-with-new-year-migration?videoId=228820286&videoChannel=1.

Benjamin Ho, “China’s Global Role: Need for Soft Power? – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 13 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/13012012-china%E2%80%99s-global-role-need-for-soft-power-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Shivananda H, “China’s Pipelines in Myanmar – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 11 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/11012012-china%E2%80%99s-pipelines-in-myanmar-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Sharon LaFraniere, “Chinese Exports Grow, but Imports Show Signs of Weakening“, The New York Times, 10 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/10/business/chinese-exports-grow-but-imports-show-signs-of-weakening.html.

Robert J. Samuelson, “Is a Chinese Economic Slump on the Horizon?”, The Washington Post, 9 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/is-a-chinese-economic-slump-on-the-horizon/2012/01/06/gIQAfPL9jP_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Aileen Baviera, “South China Sea Disputes: Is Aquino Way the ‘ASEAN Way’? – Analysis”, Eurasian Review, 9 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/09012012-south-china-sea-disputes-is-aquino-way-the-asean-way-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

No author cited, “Rockets Galore: The Next Decade Will See China Become a Space Power, As Well As an Earthly One”, The Economist, 7 January 2012

Daniel A Bell, “What China Can Teach Europe”, The New York Times, 7 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/08/opinion/sunday/what-china-can-teach-europe.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all.

Jonathan Watts, “Chinese Airlines Refuse to Pay EU Carbon Tax”, The Guardian, 4 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/jan/04/china-airlines-eu-carbon-tax.

Edward Wong, “China’s President Lashes Out at Western Culture”, The New York Times, 3 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/04/world/asia/chinas-president-pushes-back-against-western-culture.html.

During December

Michael Wines, “China Moves Ahead With Plan for Dam”, The New York Times, 29 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/30/world/asia/china-moves-ahead-with-plan-for-dam.html.

Andrew Higgins, “China Finds Promise and Setbacks in Pursuit of Russian Energy”, The Washington Post, 29 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/china-finds-promise-and-peril-in-pursuit-of-russian-energy/2011/11/27/gIQA1H9hzO_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Jody Ray Bennett, “Seychelles: An Open Invitation for China – Analysis”, Eurasian Review, 28 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/28122011-seychelles-an-open-invitation-for-china-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Editorial, “Dealing With China’s Troubles”, The New York Times, 26 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/27/opinion/dealing-with-chinas-troubles.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Michael Wines, “A Village in Revolt Could Be a Harbinger for China”, The New York Times, 25 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/26/world/asia/in-china-the-wukan-revolt-could-be-a-harbinger.html?pagewanted=all.

Michael Forsythe and Henry Sanderson, “China’s Local Governments Are Taking on a Lot of Debt”, The Washington Post, 25 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/chinas-local-governments-are-taking-on-a-lot-of-debt/2011/12/18/gIQAlILBGP_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Andrew Higgins, “Oil Interests Push China into Sudanese Mire”, The Washington Post, 25 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/oil-interests-push-china-into-sudanese-mire/2011/12/19/gIQANkzGGP_story.html.

Terry Pristin, “A Learning Curve As Developers Do Business in China”, The New York Times, 20 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/21/realestate/commercial/real-estate-firms-learn-to-do-business-in-china.html?adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1324500850-nCiNu6j2e8JNKlls57pjqw.

Nick Bunkley and Ian Austen, “In Canada, a Car Built in China”, The New York Times, 20 Dcember 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/21/business/in-a-first-chinese-built-cars-arrive-in-north-america.html.

Wayne M Morrison and Marc Labonte, “China’s Currency Policy: An Analysis of the Economic Issues”, Congressional Research Service Report for the US Congress, RS21625, 19 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21625.pdf.

Paul Krugman, “Will China Break?”, The New York Times, 18 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/19/opinion/krugman-will-china-break.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212.

Steven Mufson, “China’s Growing Share of Solar Market Comes at a Price”, The Washington Post, 17 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/chinas-growing-share-of-solar-market-comes-at-a-price/2011/11/21/gIQAhPRWyO_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Keith B. Richburg, “US, China Embroiled in Trade Spat Over Chicken Feet”, The Washington Post. 16 December.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/us-china-embroiled-in-trade-spat-over-chicken-feet/2011/12/13/gIQASphjxO_story.html.

Kam Wing Chan, “The Limp in China’s Geat Leap”, East Asia Forum. 14 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/12/14/the-limp-in-china-s-great-leap/.

Keith Bradsher, “China Imposes New Tariffs on US Vehicles”, The New York Times, 14 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/15/business/global/china-imposes-new-tariffs-on-some-vehicles-from-the-us.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

B. Raman, “Indian Ocean Region: Chinese Strategic Thinking – Analysis”, Eurasian Review, 14 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/14122011-indian-ocean-region-chinese-strategic-thinking-analysis/.

Andrew Jacobs, “Chinese Village Locked in Rebellion Against Authorities”. The New York Times, 13 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/15/world/asia/chinese-village-locked-in-rebellion-against-authorities.html.

Any Bourrier, “China’s Dark Power”, Le Monde Diplomatique, December 2011.  Available at: http://mondediplo.com/2011/12/12china#nb8.

David Barboza, “Entrepreneur’s Rival in China: The State, The New York Times, 7 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/08/business/an-entrepeneurs-rival-in-china-the-state.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

During November

Eugene Robinson, “The Wrong Way to Talk About China”, The Washington Post, 30 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-china-that-needs-cheers-not-jeers/2011/11/29/gIQAy6CEAO_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Ding Qingfen, “A World of Difference”, China Daily, 25 November 2011.  Available at: http://chinawatch.washingtonpost.com/2011/11/a-world-of-difference.php

Tania Branigan, “China’s Leaders Break Ranks in Lead Up to New Dawn”, The Guardian, 25 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/nov/25/china-leaders-ranks-new-dawn.

Banyan, “Dance of the Giants”, The Economist, 21 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2011/11/china-and-america-south-east-asia.

José Viñals and Anoop Singh, “People’s Republic of China: Financial System Stability Assessment”, International Monetary Fund, IMF Country Report No. 11/321, November 2011.  Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2011/cr11321.pdf.

Yan Xuetong, “How China Can Defeat America”, The New York Times. 20 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/21/opinion/how-china-can-defeat-america.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212.

Jackie Calmes, “Obama and Asian Leaders Confront China’s Premier”, The New York Times, 19 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/20/world/asia/wen-jiabao-chinese-leader-shows-flexibility-after-meeting-obama.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22.

Nick Edwards and Langi Chiang, “China Inflation Drops Sharply in October”, Reuters, 9 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/11/09/china-economy-idUSL4E7M912H20111109.

Keith Bradsher, “US and China on Brink of Trade War Over Solar Power Industry”, The New York Times, 9 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/10/business/global/us-and-china-on-brink-of-trade-war-over-solar-power-industry.html.

Peter Baofu, “China’s Need for a New Foreign Policy”, East Asia Forum, 5 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/11/05/china-s-need-for-a-new-foreign-policy/.

Sun Xuegong, “China’s Role in Global and Regional Governance Architecture”, East Asia Forum, 4 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/11/04/china-s-role-in-global-and-regional-architecture/.

Room for Debate: “Is China Facing a Health Care Crisis?”, The New York Times, 1 November 2011.  Includes brief comments by: Yangzhong Huang, “Health Costs Outstrip GDP Growth; Daniel A. Bell, “Strains on Filial Piety”’Yuanli Liu, “Great Progress, But More is Needed”; C Cindy Fan, “Raise the Salary of Doctors” and Gordon G. Liu, “Defining Basic Coverage”.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2011/11/01/is-china-facing-a-health-care-crisis

During October

Simon Rabinovitch, “China: The Case of the Missing Inflation”, The Financial Times, 19 October 2011.  Available at: http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2011/10/19/china-the-case-of-the-missing-inflation/?ftcamp=traffic/email/content/booster//memmkt#axzz1breyYDql.

Keith Richburg, “China-Bashing Nothing New”, The Washington Post, 19 October, 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia-pacific/china-bashing-nothing-new/2011/10/13/gIQATlUrwL_story.html.

Michael Wines, “Still Strong, Economy in China Cools Slightly”, The New York Times, 17 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/18/business/chinese-economy-cools-slightly-in-third-quarter.html.

Michael Wines, “Photos From China Offer Scant Clues to a Succession”, The New York Times, 14 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/15/world/asia/chinas-coming-leadership-change-leaves-analysts-guessing.html.

Wang Yong, “China Moves Slowly to Internationalise the Renminbi”, East Asia Forum, 13 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/10/13/china-moves-slowly-to-internationalise-the-renminbi/.

During September

Information Office of the State Council, The People’s Republic of China, “China’s Peaceful Development”, September 2011.  Available at: http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/zxxx/t856325.htm#.

Anthony Rush, “China’s Labour Market”, Bulletin, Reserve Bank of Australia, September Quarter 2011.  Available at: http://www.rba.gov.au/publications/bulletin/2011/sep/pdf/bu-0911-4.pdf.

Tan Vingzi and Cai Jing, “Europe Warned Over Its Debt Crisis”, China Daily, 26 September 2011.  Available at: http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2011-09/26/content_13792310.htm.

Yiping Huang, “What Does China Want in International Economic Reforms?”, East Asia Forum, 25 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/09/25/what-does-china-want-in-international-economic-reforms/.

Keith Bradsher, “China, Drive of World Economy, May Be Slowing”, The New York Times, 23 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/24/business/global/chinas-economic-engine-shows-signs-of-slowing.html.

Andrew Higgins, “In South China Sea a Dispute Over Energy”, The Washington Post, 18 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia-pacific/in-south-china-sea-a-dispute-over-energy/2011/09/07/gIQA0PrQaK_story.html.

No author cited, “China’s Evolving Foreign Policy: The Libyan Dilemma”, The Economist, 10 September 2011.  http://www.economist.com/node/21528664.

Yongsheng Zhang, “Governance of China and the Momentum of Reforms”, East Asia Forum, 7 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/09/07/governance-and-the-momentum-of-reforms/.

Cai Fang, “China’s Rising Wages”, East Asia Forum, 5 September, 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/09/05/chinas-rising-wages/.

During August

Edward Wong, “China Faces Obstacles in Bid to Rebalance Its Economy”, The New York Times, 24 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/25/world/asia/25china.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22.

Keith B. Richburg, “China’s Newly Rich Are Flaunting Wealth – and Giving Communist Rulers a Headache”, The Washington Post, 18 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/chinas-newly-rich-are-flaunting-wealth--and-giving-communist-rulers-a-headache/2011/08/05/gIQA801KMJ_story.html.

Keith Bradsher, “Rise in Chinese Currency Draws Attention”, The New York Times, 11 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/12/business/global/rise-in-chinese-currency-draws-attention.html?ref=world.

Tania Branigan and Jason Burke, “China’s First Aircraft Carrier Launches with Pride Amid Regional Tensions”, The Guardian, 10 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/aug/10/china-aircraft-carrier-launch.

Peter Hartcher, “China Can’t Afford To Be Too Gloating”, The Sydney Morning Herald, 9 August, 2011.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/opinion/politics/china-cant-afford-to-be-too-gloating-20110808-1ij3x.html.

Lena Ren, “Restructuring China to Promote Social Stability”, East Asia Forum, 6 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/08/06/restructuring-china-to-promote-social-stability/

Tania Branigan, “China to Cap Energy Use in National Low-Carbon Plan”, The Guardian, 4 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/aug/04/china-cap-energy-plan.

Yuhan Zhang, “’Green’ China Needs to Rethink It Energy and Carbon Policies”, East Asia Forum, 2 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/08/02/green-china-needs-to-rethink-its-energy-and-carbon-policies/

During July

Michael Wines and Sharon LaFraniere, “In Baring Facts of Train Crash, Blogs Erode China Censorship”, The New York Times, 28 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/29/world/asia/29china.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22.

Sheridan Prasso, “What Makes China Telecom Huawei So Scary?”, Fortune, 28 July 2011.  Available at: http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2011/07/28/what-makes-china-telecom-huawei-so-scary/.

Associated Press, “Train Crash That Killed 39 Raises Questions About China’s High-Speed Rail Expansion Plans”, The Washington Post, 25 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle-east/train-crash-that-killed-36-raises-questions-about-chinas-high-speed-rail-expansion-plans/2011/07/25/gIQADTo8XI_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Jane Golley and Ligang Song, “Rising China: Global Challenges and Opportunities”, East Asia Forum, 13 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/07/13/rising-china-global-challenges-and-opportunities/.

Associated Press, “Chinese Official Says Country Is Drawing up Plan to Improve Human Rights Record”, The Washington Post, 13 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia-pacific/chinese-official-says-country-is-drawing-up-plan-to-improve-human-rights-record/2011/07/13/gIQAwX8vBI_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Michael Wines, “Sharing the Wealth and Living Large in a Tiny Chinese Village”, The New York Times, 11 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/12/world/asia/12huaxi.html?src=me&ref=world.

Kerry Brown, “Chinese Leadership: The Challenge in 2012”, East Asia Forum, 10 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/07/10/chinese-leadership-the-challenge-in-2012/.

David Barboza, “China Struggle with Inflation Continues as Price Index Rises”, The New York Times, 9 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/10/business/global/chinese-inflation-jumps-again-as-pork-prices-soar.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

David Barboza, “Building Boom in China Stirs Fears of Debt Overload”, The New York Times, 7 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/07/business/global/building-binge-by-chinas-cities-threatens-countrys-economic-boom.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Spiegel Interview with Henry Kissinger, “Mao Might Consider Modern China to Be Too Materialistic”, Spiegel Online, 6 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,772292,00.html.

Nicolai Ouroussoff, “Chinese Gem [the Guangzhou Opera House] That Elevates Its Setting”, The New York Times, 5 July 2011.  Available at:  http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/06/arts/design/guangzhou-opera-house-designed-by-zaha-hadid-review.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha28.

Andrew Jacobs, “China Appears to Censor Any Online Discussion of an Ex-Leader’s Health”, The New York Times, 6 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/07/world/asia/07china.html?ref=world.

Bettina Wassener. “China Raises Interest Rates”, The New York Times, 6 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/pages/world/index.html.

Andrew Jacobs, “A Reunified Painting Stirs Big Thoughts in China and Taiwan”, The New York Times, 6 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/06/world/asia/06taiwan.html.

Keith Richburg, “China’s Communist Party Tries to Reclaim Glory”, The Washington Post, 2 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/chinas-communist-party-tries-to-reclaim-glory/2011/06/28/AGNVXurH_story.html.

During June

Edward Wong, “China Opens Oil Field in Iraq”, The New York Times, 28 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/29/world/asia/29chinairaq.html?amp.

Helen Pidd, “China Offers Helping Hand to Eurozone”, The Guardian, 28 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/jun/28/germany-and-china-in-trade-deal.

Tania Branigan, “Mao Lives: How China Keeps the New in Touch with the Old”, The Guardian, 24 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jun/24/china-communism-anniversary-mao-zedong.

No author cited, “Rising Power, Anxious State: Tensions Between China’s Prosperous Middle Classes and Its Poor Will Make It a Harder Country to Govern”, The Economist, 23 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18866989?story_id=18866989.

Keith Bradsher, “High-Speed Rail Poised to Alter China”, The New York Times, 22 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/23/business/global/23rail.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

David Barboza, “China’s Boom Is Beginning to Shot Cracks, Analysts Say”, The New York Times, 20 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/21/business/global/21yuan.html,

Victoria Bi and Li Hongwei, “Foreign Banks OK’d To Underwrite Corporate Debt”, China Daily, 17 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2011-06/17/content_12722311.htm.

Ian Johnson, “China Celebrates Anniversary of Group With a Long Blacklist”, The New York Times, 17 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/17/world/asia/17iht-china17.html?ref=world.

Reuters, “China’s Vital Interests at Stake over Greek Crisis”, The Guardian, 17 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/jun/17/china-vital-interests-greek-crisis.

Edward Wong, “China Navy Reaches Far, Unsettling the Region”, The New York Times, 14 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/15/world/asia/15china.html

Sharon LaFraniere, “Lead Poisoning in China: The Hidden Scourge”, The New York Times, 15 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/15/world/asia/15lead.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.  See also the Human Rights Watch report entitled: “My Children Have Been Poisoned: A Public Health Crisis in Four Chinese Provinces”, dated June 2011 at: http://www.hrw.org/node/99451.

Brice Pedroletti, “Independents Unite in Bid to Advance Chinese Democracy”, Guardian Weekly, 7 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jun/07/china-blogs-elections-independents?CMP=twt_fd

Ding Qingfen, “Import Growth Narrows May Trade Surplus”, China Daily, 11 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2011-06/11/content_12676013.htm.

Xueli Huang, “Corporate Governance and Chinese FDI in Australia”, East Asia Forum, 5 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/06/05/corporate-governance-and-chinese-fdi-in-australia/.

Edward Wong, “Plan for China’s Water Crisis Spurs Concern”, The New York Times, 1 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/02/world/asia/02water.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22.

During May

Associated Press, “China Hikes Electricity Rates to Counter Power Shortages”, The Washington Post, 31 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/china-hikes-electricity-rates-for-some-industrial-users-to-counter-power-shortages/2011/05/30/AGHPQlEH_story.html?nl_headlines.

Alexei Barrionuevo, “China’s Interest in Farmland Makes Brazil Uneasy”, The New York Times, 26 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/27/world/americas/27brazil.html.

Associated Press, “China to Address Pollution, Disasters, Relocation Problems in Three Gorges Region”, The Washington Post, 19 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/china-plan-to-address-pollution-disasters-relocation-problems-in-three-gorges-region/2011/05/19/AFLS7y6G_story.html?nl_headlines.

No author cited, “April Inflation Eases to 5.3 Percent”, China Daily, 11 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2011-05/11/content_12492754.htm.

Harold Meyerson, “China’s Bad Economic News Is Not Necessarily Good for the US”, The Washington Post, 11 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/chinas-bad-economic-news-is-not-necessarily-good-for-the-us/2011/05/10/AFaxZ3jG_story.html?hpid=z4

Binyamin Appelbaum, “More Hopes Than Gains At US –China Meetings’, The New York Times, 10 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/11/world/asia/11china.html?ref=world.

Associated Press, “China Leads Push to Go Green”, The New York Times, 8 May 2011. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/09/business/energy-environment/09clean.html

Gethin Chamberlain, “Apple’s Chinese Workers Treated ‘Inhumanely, Like Machines’”, The Guardian, 30 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2011/apr/30/apple-chinese-workers-treated-inhumanely.

During April

Bloomberg, “Yuan Hits 18-Year High Against Greenback”, The Sydney Morning Herald, 29 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/business/world-business/yuan-hits-18year-high-against-greenback-20110429-1e0fb.html.

Banyan, “China’s Census: Older and Wiser?”, The Economist, 29 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2011/04/chinas_census.

David Barboza, “China’s Exports Perch on Uncertain Truck System”, The New York Times, 28 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/29/business/global/29truckers.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

No author cited, “Trying to Pull Together: Africans Are Asking Whether China is Making Their Lunch or Eating It”, The Economics, 20 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18586448?fsrc=nlw%7Cpub%7C12-21-2011%7Cpublishers

Bjorn Lomborg, “Hold the Accolades on China’s ‘Green Leap Forward’”, The Washington Post, 20 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/hold-the-accolades-on-chinas-green-leap-forward/2011/04/19/AFLdZMEE_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions.

David Barboza, “Inflation in China Poses Big Threat to Global Trade”, The New York Times, 18 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/18/business/global/18yuan.html?ref=world.

David Barboza, “Inflation in China Poses Big Threat to Global Trade”, The New York Times, 18 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/18/business/global/18yuan.html?ref=world.

Evan Osnos, “The Grand Tour: Europe on Fifteen Hundred Yuan a Day”, The New Yorker, 18 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/04/18/110418fa_fact_osnos.

No author cited, “Princelings and the Goon State: The Rise and Rise of the Princelings, The Country’s Revolutionary Aristocracy”, The Economist, 14 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18561005.

Keith B. Richburg, “China, Other Developing BRICS Nations Seek Change in Global Economic Order”, The Washington Post, 15 Aprilo 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/china-other-developing-brics-nations-seek-change-in-global-economic-order/2011/04/14/AFarMgdD_story.html.

No author cited, “When Fund-Raising is a Crime: A Death Sentence for a Young Businesswoman Chills Entrepreneurs”, The Economist, 14 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18560729.

No author cited, “On the Defensive: A Bad Attack of the Jitters Among Chinese Leaders and Dissidents Pay the Price”, The Economist, 7 April 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18530193?story_ID=18530193&fsrc=nlw|wwp|04-07-11|politics_this_week.  A commentary from India (by Bhaskar Roy) on China’s latest Defence White Paper is available at: http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/papers45/paper4417.html.

During March

Michael Gerson, “China’s African Investments: Who Benefits?”, The Washington Post, 28 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/chinas-african-investments-who-benefits/2011/03/28/AF8G7mqB_story.html?hpid=z5.

Yang Yao, “China’s Current Account Surplus and Inflation”, East Asia Forum, 27 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/03/27/china-current-account-surplus-and-inflation/.

Gabrielle Jaffe, “Will the Great Film Quote Wall of China Come Down?”, Guardian, 24 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/mar/24/china-film-quota?INTCMP=SRCH.

Sharon LaFranier and David Barboza, “China Tightens Censorship of Electronic Communications”, The New York Times, 21 March 2011. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/22/world/asia/22china.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=china&st=cse.

Kevin P. Gallagher, “China Challenges Washington’s ‘Trade-Not-Aid’ Strategy in Latin America”, East Asia Forum, 19 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/03/19/china-challenges-washingtons-trade-not-aid-strategy-in-latin-america/.

Feng Chongyi, “’Jasmine Revolution’ in China over the Horizon”, East Asia Forum, 15 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/03/15/jasmine-revolution-in-china-over-the-horizon/.

Mendee Jargalsaikhn, “Calls for a Sino-Mongolian Strategic Partnership”, East Asia Forum, 12 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/03/12/calls-for-a-sino-mongolia-strategic-partnership-2/.

No author cited, “Bamboo Capitalism:  China’s Success Owes More to Its Entrepreneurs Than Its Bureaucrats”, The Economist, 10 March 2011.  Available at:  http://www.economist.com/node/18332610?story_id=18332610.  See also: “Entrepreneurship in China: Let a Million Flowers Bloom”, The Economist, 10 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18330120.

Bob Davis and Jeremy Page, “China’s Focus Turns to Its Poor”, The Wall Street Journal, 7 March 2011.  Available at: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703362804576184364247082474.html?mod=WSJ_hp_us_mostpop_read.

Razeen Sally, “China Tests Its Leadership in the Big Three”, East Asia Forum, 2 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/03/02/china-tests-its-leadership-in-the-big-three/.

Jonas Parello-Plesner, “Libya Shows China the Burdens of Being a Great Power”. East Asia Forum, 6 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/03/06/libya-shows-china-the-burdens-of-being-a-great-power/

Xinhua, “China Aims for Greener Economy Over Next 5 years: Former Energy Head”, People’s Daily, 5 March 2011.  Available at: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90778/90862/7309068.html.

Xinhua, “China Unveils 5-Year Plan at Congress Session”, China Daily, 5 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2011npc/2011-03/05/content_12120516.htm.

Michael Wines, “Economy the Focus as Chinese Legislatures Convene”, The New York Times, 2 March 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/03/world/asia/03china.html?ref=world.

During February

Andrew Jacobs, “China Issues Warning on Climate and Growth”, The New York Times, 28 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/01/world/asia/01beijing.html?ref=world.

Keith B. Richburg, “China’s Wen, in the Twilight of his Premiership, Takes on Reformer’s Role”, The Washington Post, 15 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/15/AR2011021502553.html.

Wendy Dobson, “China and Global Economic Governance: History Matters”, East Asia Forum, 13 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/02/13/china-and-global-economic-governance-history-matters/.

David Barboza, “In China, Tentative Steps Toward Global Currency”, The New York Times, 10 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/11/business/global/11yuan.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Jonathan Watts, “China Plots Course for Green Growth Amid a Boom Build on Dirty Industry”, Guardian, 4 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/feb/04/china-green-growth-boom-industry.

Arind Subramanian, “Is China Already Number One? New GDP Estimates”, East Asia Forum, 3 February 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/02/03/is-china-already-number-one-new-gdp-estimates/.

During January

Barry Eichengreen, “What China is After Financially”, East Asia Forum, 30 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/?p=16926.

Cai Fang and Wang Meiyan, “Chinese Wages and the Turning Point in the Chinese Economy”, East Asia Forum, 29 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/01/29/chinese-wages-and-the-turning-point-in-the-chinese-economy/

David Barboza, “China to Allow Select Cities to Impose Property Taxes”, The New York Times, 27 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/28/business/global/28yuan.html?ref=world.

Jeremy Page and Cathy Yan, “As Media Trumpet Status, Some Shrug”, The Wall Street Journal, 21 January 2011.  Available at: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703921504576093740529925826.html?mod=WSJAsia__MIDDLETopStories.

John Pomfret, “Summit Yields Gains for Both China and US”, The Washington Post, 21 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/01/20/AR2011012006311.html?wpisrc=nl_headline.

Scott Wilson and William Branigin, “Chinese President Hu Jintao Calls for Deeper Engagement with US, Assures Business Leaders”, The Washington Post, 20 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/01/20/AR2011012003448.html?hpid=topnews.

Michael Wines, “Subtle Signs of Progress in US-China Relations”, The New York Times, 19 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/20/world/asia/20assess.html?hp.

No author cited, “Inflated Fears: Inflation in China Is a Problem for the Country but Not For the World”, The Economist, 6 January 2011.  Available at: http://news.economist.com/cgi-bin1/DM/t/eCUzY0ROb30Mo0NtBr0E5.

Editorial, “Not So Cheap for China”, The New York Times, 10 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/11/opinion/11tue2.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Damien Ma, “Global Political Risks in 2011 (Including China), The Atlantic, 10 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2011/01/global-political-risks-in-2011-including-china/69173/.  See also Damien Ma, “What to Watch For in China in 2011”, The Atlantic, 29 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2010/12/what-to-watch-for-in-china-in-2011/68645/.

During December

Vivek Wadhwa, “Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America’s Lunch”, Foreign Policy, 28 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/12/28/chinese_and_indian_entrepreneurs_are_eating_americas_lunch.

Joseph S. Nye Jr, “China’s Rise Doesn’t Mean War”, “...And China Isn’t Beating the US”, by Daniel W. Drezner”, Foreign Policy, January/February 2011.  Both are available from: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/01/02/unconventional_wisdom.

Zbigniew Brezezinski, “How to Stay Friends with China”, The New York Times, 2 January 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/03/opinion/03brzezinski.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212.

Jonathan Watts, “China Counts £130bn Cost of Economic Growth”, Guardian, 28 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/dec/28/china-130-bn-economic-growth.

Edward Wong, “Suspicious Death Ignites Fury in China”, The New York Times, 28 December 2010.  Available at:http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/29/world/asia/29china.html?src=me&ref=world.

Andrew Jacobs, "China's Army of Graduates Struggles for Jobs", The New York Times, 11 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/12/business/12advantage.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=a2.

David Barboza, “China’s Inflation Hit a 28-Month High in November”, The New York Times, 10 December 2010.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/11/business/global/11inflation.html?_r=1&scp=4&sq=and%20xie&st=cse.

Emilian Kavalski, “The Peacock and the Dragon: How to Grapple with the Rising Global Ambitions of India and China”, review essay based on three recently published books (China and India: Prospects for Peace, China and India in the Age of Globalisation, and The Rise of China and India, A New Asian Drama),The China Quarterly, Vol. 203 (September 2010).  Available for purchase at:  http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7907661&fulltextType=RV&fileId=S0305741010000962.

Mark Baker and David Orsmond, “Household Consumption Trends in China”, Reserve Bank of Australia, Bulletin, March Quarter 2010.  Available at: http://www.rba.gov.au/publications/bulletin/2010/mar/3.html.

Sebastian Heilmann, “Maximum Tinkering Under Uncertainty: Unorthodox Lessons from China”, Modern China, Vol. 35, No. 4 (July 2009), pp. 450-462.  Downloads are available for purchase at: http://mcx.sagepub.com/content/35/4/450.full.pdf+html.

East Asia Region

[Note that not all countries in the East Asia Region are members of the G20, but there is an increasingly amount of discourse about East Asia as a region and this is likely to have an effect on the regional powers that are members of the G20.]

During April 2012

Christian Wirth, “Regional Integration and Elite Power Politics in East Asia”, East Asia Forum, 5 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/04/05/regional-integration-and-elite-power-politics-in-east-asia/.

European Union

During December 2012

Charles Roxburgh, Eric Labaye, Fraser Thompson, Tilman Tacke and Duncan Kauffman, “Investing in Growth: Europe’s Next Challenge”, McKinsey Global Institute, December 2012.  Available at: http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/mgi/research/productivity_competitiveness_and_growth/investing_in_europe.

During November

Dominic Rushe, “European Debt Crisis a Bigger Global Threat Than US Fiscal Cliff, Says OECD”, The Guardian, 27 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/nov/27/european-debt-crisis-fiscal-cliff-oecd.   The preliminary version of the OECD Economic Outlook, Volume 2012 Issue 2 is available at: http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/oecd-economic-outlook-volume-2012-issue-2_eco_outlook-v2012-2-en.

Chistopher Caldwell, “Merkel’s Sovereign Remedy”, The Spectator, 17 November 2012.  http://www.spectator.co.uk/features/8760041/merkels-sovereign-remedy/.

Jonas Parello-Plesner, “Europe’s Pivot to Asia”, East Asia Forum, 12 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/11/12/europes-pivot-to-asia/.

Markus Dettmer and Christian Reiermann, “EU Aid for Cyprus a Political Minefield for Merkel”, Spiegel Online, 5 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/german-intelligence-report-warns-cyprus-not-combating-money-laundering-a-865451.html.

No author cited, “Game Over: UBS Swings the Axe”, The Economist, 3 November 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21565648-ubs-swings-axe-game-over?fsrc=nlw|wwb|11-1-2012|4003527|34237756|.

During October

Larry Elliott, “Europe’s Leaders Need to Act Fast to Avert Economic and Social Disaster”, The Guardian, 31 October 2012.  Available t: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/economics-blog/2012/oct/31/europe-leaders-unemployment-economic-disaster.

cgh,”Trioka Calls for New Debt Relief for Greece, Spiegel Online, 29 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/greek-creditors-propose-new-debt-haircut-for-athens-a-863999.html.

Giles Termlett, “Spain and Italy Criticise Berlin Plan for EU to Police Budgets”, The Guardian, 29 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/29/europe-divided-european-union-budgets.

Joel Stonington, “Is Europe’s Emissions Trading System Broken”, Spiegel Online, 26 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/europe-looks-to-fix-problems-with-its-carbon-emissions-trading-system-a-863609.html.

Phillip Inman, “Eurozone Hopes of Crisis Easing Rise as Budget Deficits Tumble”, The Guardian, 22 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/22/eurozone-budget-deficits-fall.

Michael Birnbaum, “European Leaders Agree to Have a Single Banking Regulator”, The Washington Post, 20 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/european-leaders-agree-to-create-single-banking-regulator/2012/10/18/e7382954-1965-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Carsten Volkery, “France and Germany at Odds Ahead of EU Summit”, Spiegel Online, 18 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/france-and-germany-struggle-to-find-common-ground-ahead-of-eu-summit-a-862009.html.

Angelique Chrisafis and Ian Traynor, “Hollande Fires Warning Shot at Merkel Over Austerity on Eve of EU Summit”, The Guardian, 17 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/17/francois-hollande-angela-merkel-austerity.

Graeme Wearden and Nick Gletcher, “Eurozone Crisis as it Happened: Markets Rise on ‘Bailout Lite’ Plan for Spain”, The Guardian, 16 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/oct/16/eurozone-crisis-car-sales-spain-greece.

No author cited, “Germany’s Schäuble Presents Master Plan for Euro”, Spiegel Online, 16 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/schaeuble-presents-euro-reforms-and-broad-new-powers-for-eu-a-861529.html.

Phillip Inman, “IMF Warns of Threat to EU Banks from Capital Flight”, The Guardian, 9 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/oct/09/debt-crisis-imf.

Steven Erlanger, “Europe’s Richer Regions Want Out”, The New York Times, 6 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/07/sunday-review/a-european-union-of-more-nations.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20121007.

Phillip Inman, “Austerity Has Worsened Greek Crisis, Says Institute”, The Guardian, 4 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/04/austerity-worsened-greek-crisis.

Christian Reiermann, “Concerns Mount that ECB Bond-Buying Program Is Illegal”, Spiegel Online, 2 October 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/many-concerned-that-ecb-bond-buying-program-under-draghi-is-illegal-a-858915.html.

During September

Ian Traynor, “Eurozone Crisis Returns to Rattle Markets After Period of Calm”, The Guardian, 26 September 2012.   Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/sep/26/eurozone-crisis-disturb-markets.

Phillip Inman and Helena Smith, “Greek Economy To Shrink 20% by 2014”, The Guardian, 18 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/sep/18/greek-economy-shrink-great-depression.

Ian Traynor, “EU Heavyweights Call for Radical Foreign and Defence Policy Overhaul”, The Guardian, 18 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/18/eu-foreign-defence-policy-overhaul.

David Blunkett, “We Need Politicians More Than Ever”, The Guardian, 17 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/sep/17/need-politicians-more-than-ever.

Bruce Ackerman and Miguel Maduro, “Broken Bond”, Foreign Policy, 17 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/09/17/germany_euro_broken_bond.

George Soros, “The Tragedy of the European Union and How to Resolve It”, The New York Review of Books, issue dated 27 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2012/sep/27/tragedy-european-union-and-how-resolve-it/.

Martin Hesse, Christoph Pauly and Christian Reiermann, “Brussels Pushes Forward with EU Banking Union”, Spiegel Online, 11 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/brussels-pushes-forward-with-eu-banking-union-a-855165.html.

Spiegel interview with former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and former French President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, “Seventeen Countries Were Far Too Many”, Spiegel Online, 11 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/spiegel-interview-with-helmut-schmidt-and-valery-giscard-d-estaing-a-855127.html.

Stephen Burgen, “Eurozone Crisis: Spain Refused Bailout Terms”, The Guardian, 11 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/11/eurozone-crisis-spain-refuses-bailout-terms.

Fabio Libert, “Why We Need the Council of Europe”, Le Monde Diplomatique, September 2012.  Available at: http://mondediplo.com/2012/09/18council.

dsl, “OECD Predicts Recession for Largest EU Economy” Spiegel Online, 6 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/euro-crisis-grips-germany-oecd-predicts-recession-in-fourth-quarter-a-854384.html.

Jack Ewing and Steven Erlanger, “Huge Step Taken by Europe’s Bank to Abate a Crisis”, The New York Times, 6 September 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/07/business/global/european-central-bank-leaves-interest-rates-unchanged-at-0-75-percent.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120907&moc.semityn.www.

During August

Michaela Scheissi, “’Dictatorship of the Bureaucrats”: Light-Bulb Ban Casts Shadow over EU Democracy”, Spiegel Online, 31 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/eu-light-bulb-ban-illuminates-power-struggle-in-brussels-a-852931.html.

dgs, “Crisis-Hit Countries May Have Turned the Corner”, Spiegel Online, 29 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/german-report-crisis-hit-countries-have-become-more-competitive-a-852813.html.

dsl, “The Future of Europe: Merkel Pushes for Convention to Draft New EU Treaty”, Spiegel Online, 27 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/merkel-pushes-for-new-eu-treaty-with-tougher-fiscal-rules-a-852292.html

Giles Tremlett and Ian Traynor, “Catalonia’s €5bn Plea Brings Spanish Bailout Nearer”, The Guardian, 28 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/aug/28/catalonias-plea-brings-spanish-bailout-nearer.

Stefan Kaiser, “Three Thorny Paths to Saving the Euro”, Spiegel Online, 21 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/the-greek-dilemma-three-thorny-paths-to-saving-the-euro-a-851268.html.

dsl, “ECB Plans to Set Yield Targets for Bond Purchases”, Spiegel Online, 20 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/european-central-bank-may-set-yield-targets-for-bond-purchases-a-850979.html

No author cited, “Europe’s Tired Engine: As the Euro Zone Goes Into Another Recession, Germany is Slowing Down”, The Economist, 18 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21560601?fsrc=nlw|wwb|8-16-2012|3117721|34237756|.

Graeme Wearden, “Eurozone on Brink of Double-Dip Recession as Growth Falls 0.2%”, The Guardian, 14 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/aug/14/eurozone-brink-double-dip-recession-gdp.

Martin Hesse, “Investors Prepare for Euro Collapse”, Guardian Online, 13 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/business/investors-preparing-for-collapse-of-the-euro-a-849747.html.

David Böcking, “Euro Crisis Morphs into Generational Conflict”, Spiegel Online, 9 August 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/commentary-why-the-euro-crisis-is-also-a-generational-conflict-a-849165.html.

During July

Landon Thomas Jr, “Economic Thinkers Try to Solve the Euro Puzzle”, The New York Times, 31 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/01/business/economic-thinkers-try-to-solve-the-euro-puzzle.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120801.

Larry Elliott, “How European Central Bank Can Safeguard the Euro”, The Guardian, 30 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jul/30/european-central-bank-safeguard-euro.

dsl, “Economists Warn EU on ‘Threshold of Catastrophe’”, Spiegel Online, 25 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/debt-crisis-economists-warn-of-euro-catastrophe-a-846327.html.

David Gordon and Douglas Rediker, “Think Again: The Euro Crisis”, Foreign Policy, 23 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/07/23/think_again_the_eurocrisis.

cro, “Berlin, IMF to Refuse Fresh Aid for Greece”, Spiegel Online, 23 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/germany-and-imf-to-refuse-greece-further-financial-aid-reports-say-a-845860.html.

Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, “Blaming the Spanish Victim as Europe Spirals into Summer Crisis”, The Telegraph, 22 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/ambroseevans_pritchard/9418988/Blaming-the-Spanish-victim-as-Europe-spirals-into-summer-crisis.html.

Christoph Schult, “Euro Crisis Means More Power for European Commission”, Spiegel Online, 18 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/the-euro-crisis-has-led-to-more-power-for-commission-president-barroso-a-844838.html.

Spiegel Interview with Jean-Claude Juncker, “Europe Will Either Succeed or Fail Together”, Spiegel Online, 16 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/euro-group-president-juncker-discusses-path-forward-in-euro-rescue-a-844453.html

Carsten Volkery, “Euro Group Agrees to Lend Spain 300 Billion Euros”, Spiegel Online, 10 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/euro-group-agrees-to-lend-spain-30-billion-euros-a-843502.html

No author cited, “Inching Towards Integration: The Latest European Summit Made More Progress Than Usual -- but Still Not Enough”, The Economist, 7 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21558257?fsrc=nlw|wwb|7-5-2012|2691115|34237756|.

Michael Birnbaum, “Europe, China Lower Rates in Urgent Effort to Spur Recovery”, The Washington Post, 5 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/ecb-slashes-interest-rates-in-latest-effort-to-aid-europes-recovery/2012/07/05/gJQA6mBIPW_story.html?hpid=z3.

Nicholas Kulish and Jack Ewing, “Europe’s Banking Chief Wields New Power in Crisis”, The New York Times, 2 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/03/world/europe/european-central-bank-head-draghi-has-new-powers.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120703.

Serge Halmi, “A Federal Europe, by Order”, Le Monde Diplomatique, July 2012.  Available at: http://mondediplo.com/2012/07/01federal.

Paul Krugman, “Europe’s Great Illusion”, The New York Times, 1 July 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/02/opinion/krugman-europes-great-illusion.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120702.

During June

Ian Traynor and Phillip Inman, “Eurozone Bank Bailout Deal Throws Lifeline to Spain and Italy”, The Guardian, 29 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jun/29/eurozone-bank-bailout-spain-italy.

Christian Rickens, “Smart Concessions from a Seasoned Negotiator”, Spiegel Online, 29 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/merkel-concessions-at-euro-crisis-summit-smarter-than-they-seem-a-841772.html.

Carsten Volkery, “The Empty Promise of Europe’s ‘Growth Pact’”, Spiegel Online, 27 June 2012.  Available at http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/the-eu-s-new-growth-pact-a-841243.html.

Anthony Faiola and Michael Birnbaum, “Germany Offers Vision of Federalism for the European Union”, The Washington Post, 27 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/germany-offers-vision-of-a-more-perfect-european-union/2012/06/27/gJQAILtk6V_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

David Crossland, “States Must Sacrifice Sovereignty to Save Euro”, Spiegel Online, 27 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/german-press-review-on-split-in-europe-ahead-of-eu-summit-a-841232.html.

Carsten Volkery, “The Empty Promise of Europe’s ‘Growth Pact’”, Spiegel Online, 27 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/the-eu-s-new-growth-pact-a-841243.html.

Konstantin von Hammerstein, Ralf Neukirch and Christoph Schult, “Euro Crisis Threatens European Way of Life”, Spiegel Online, 26 June 2012.

Tommaso Padoa- Schioppa Group, “Completing the Euro: A Road Map Towards Fiscal Union in Europe”, Notre Europe, June 2012.  Available with Foreword by Jacques Delors and Helmut Schmidt at: http://www.notre-europe.eu/en/axes/competition-cooperation-solidarity/works/publication/completing-the-eurobra-road-map-towards-fiscal-union-in-europe/.

No author cited, “Tumbling Towards the Summit”, The Economist, 23 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21557336?fsrc=nlw|wwb|6-21-2012|2294339|34237756|.

Landon Thomas Jr, “Worried Banks Resist Fiscal Union”, The New York Times, 17 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/18/business/global/worried-banks-pose-threat-to-push-for-financial-union.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120618.

No author cited, “The Spanish Bail-Out: Going to Extra Time”, The Economist, 16 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21556953?fsrc=nlw|wwp|6-14-2012|2119836|34237756|.

Editorial Board, “More Half-Measures from Europe”, The Washington Post, 13 June 2012.  The Washington Post, 13 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/more-half-measures-from-europe/2012/06/12/gJQAOhZVYV_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines_Wed.

Niall Ferguson and Nouriel Roubini, “This Time, Europe Really Is on the Brink”, Spiegel Online, 12 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/the-germans-have-learned-nothing-from-history-a-838429.html.

Liz Alderman and Elisabeta Provoledo, “Worry for Italy Quickly Replaces Relief for Spain”, The New York Times, 11 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/12/business/global/monti-struggles-to-keep-italy-from-being-the-next-domino-to-fall.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120612.

Giles Tremlett, “Spain to Get Bank Bailout that May Run up to €100bn”, The Guardian, 9 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jun/09/spain-bank-bailout-eurozone-crisis.

No author cited, “Slouching Towards a Banking Union”, The Economist, 9 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21556624?fsrc=nlw|wwb|6-7-2012|2050460|34237756|.  See also “It’s the Politics, Stupido!”, The Economist, 9 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2012/06/draghis-message-how-mend-euro?fsrc=nlw|wwb|6-7-2012|2050460|34237756|.

Jan Fleischhauer, “A Game of Euro Chicken Playing Until the Germans Lose Their Nerve”, Spiegel Online. 8 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/how-germany-s-eu-partners-are-using-blackmail-in-the-euro-crisis-a-837768.html.

Anthony Faiola and Michael Birnbaum, “Spain, EU Appear Closer to Working Out Aid Agreement”, The Washington Post, 7 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/european-markets-rise-on-hopes-of-aid-for-spain/2012/06/07/gJQAGdh2KV_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines_Fri.

Nicholas Watt, “Cameron and Obama Increase Pressure on Merkel over Eurozone Crisis”, The Guardian, 6 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jun/06/cameron-obama-merkel-eurozone-crisis.

Ian Traynor, “Act Fast or Break Euro, Spain Tells EU”, The Guardian, 6 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jun/06/spain-euro-finished-fiscal-union.

Howard Schneider, “In Euro Region, Fate of Banks and Governments Is Tied”, The Washington Post, 6 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/in-euro-region-fate-of-banks-and-governments-is-tied/2012/06/05/gJQAfprpGV_story.html.

Howard Schneider and Michael Birnbaum, “As Euro Problems Fester, ECB Eyes a More Perfect Economic Union”, The Washington Post, 5 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/as-euro-problems-fester-ecb-eyes-a-more-perfect-economic-union/2012/06/04/gJQAYTBaEV_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines_Tue.

Ian Traynor and Giles Tremlett, “’Federal Europe’ Plan to End Debt Crisis”, The Guardian, 4 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jun/04/eu-weighs-federal-europe-plan.  See also Ian Traynor, “Eurozone Crisis: United States of Europe May Be the Only Way to Save Euro”, The Guardian, 4 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jun/04/eurozone-crisis-united-states-europe?intcmp=239.

Landon Thomas Jr, “Euro Zone Is Lurching to a Crossroad”, The New York Times, 3 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/04/business/global/euro-zone-nears-moment-of-truth-on-staying-together.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120604.

cgh, “World Bank Blasts Europe’s Euro-Crisis Management”, Spiegel Online, 1 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/panic-rises-in-europe-as-spain-and-greece-on-the-brink-a-836440.html.

No author cited, “How to Save Spain: The Focus Should Be on Fixing the Banks, Not on Cutting the Deficit”, The Economist, 2 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21556238?fsrc=nlw|wwb|5-31-2012|1977923|34237756|.

Anthony Faiola, “Ireland Voters Strongly Approve European Fiscal Treaty”, The Washington Post, 1 June 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/ireland-set-to-approve-european-fiscal-treaty/2012/06/01/gJQAc8GX6U_story.html.

During May

Editorial, “Blame Game, European-Style”, The New York Times, 31 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/01/opinion/blame-game-european-style.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120601.

Giles Termlett, Heather Stewart and Phillip Inman, “European Commission’s Report Cards Tell Ailing Economies: ‘Must Try Harder’”, The Guardian, 30 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/may/30/european-commission-report-cards-brussels

mew, “European Union Survey: Greeks and Germans are ‘Polar Opposites’”, Spiegel Online,  26 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/survey-shows-germans-admired-by-europe-for-honesty-and-hard-work-a-835689.html

Giles Tremlett, “Spain in Recession: Bank Restructuring Begins with £15bn Bailout Request”, The Guardian, 25 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/may/25/spain-bank-restructuring-bailout-bankia

Guido Westerwelle, A Growth Pact for Europe”, The Washington Post, 24 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-growth-pact-for-europe/2012/05/23/gJQAFOr9kU_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions.

Larry Elliott, “Is Europe Playing Chicken with Greece?” The Guardian, 23 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/may/23/debt-crisis-greece.

Amartya Sen, “The Crisis of European Democracy”, The New York Times, 22 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/23/opinion/the-crisis-of-european-democracy.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120523.

cro, “EU Summit on Wednesday: Hollande To Confront Merkel on Euro Bonds”, Spiegel Online, 21 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/french-president-fran-ois-hollande-to-call-for-euro-bonds-at-eu-summit-a-834180.html.  See also David Gordon Smith, “Hollande Is Provoking Merkel to the Utmost”, Spiegel Online, 21 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/german-commentators-split-over-euro-bond-proposal-a-834214.html.

Nicholas Kulish, “France to press Germany on Euro Bonds and Other Economic Measures”, The New York Times, 21 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/22/world/europe/hollande-to-press-germany-on-euro-bonds.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120522.

Reuters, “Obama Sketches Four-Ponged Strategy for Europe, Sees EU Consensus”, The New York Times, 21 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2012/05/21/world/europe/21reuters-g8-obama-eurozone.html?ref=world.

Helene Cooper, “World Leaders Urge Growth, Not Austerity”, The New York Times, 19 Mary 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/20/world/world-leaders-at-us-meeting-urge-growth-not-austerity.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120520.

Anthony Faiola, “European Markets Drop in Response to Economic Worries”, The Washington Post 18 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/euro-zone-crisis-hits-markets/2012/05/18/gIQAJyTxXU_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Michael Gerson, “The Continent’s Moral Hazard”, The Washington Post, 18 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/europe-tries-to-build-a-confidence-firewall/2012/05/17/gIQAxpu2WU_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions.

Larry Elliott, Jill Treanor and Patrick Wintour, “Cost of Greek Exit from Euro Put at $1tn”, The Guardian, 16 May 2012.  http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/2012/may/16/cost-greek-exit-euro-emerges,

Jill Treanor, “Eurozone Banks Nearly Collapsed, Says ECB Director” The Guardian, 17 May 2012.  http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/may/16/uk-banks-greek-euro-exit.

Larry Elliott, “Eurozone Avoids Double-Dip Recession as Germany Makes Up for Losses”, The Guardian, 15 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/may/15/eurozone-avoids-double-dip-recession.

Larry Elliott and Ian Traynor, “European Leaders and Financial Markets Braced for Greece Exit from Euro”, The Guardian, 14 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/may/14/euro-single-currency-greece.

George Irvin, “Hollande-Merkel: Don’t Expect a New Dawn Just Yet”, The Guardian, 14 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/may/14/hollande-merkel-dont-expect-new-dawn.

Phillip Inman, “Saving Greece Will Benefit Europe As It Did When the Allies Rescued Germany”, The Guardian, 14 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/economics-blog/2012/may/14/saving-greece-benefit-europe.

Ian Traynor, “WU Leaders Set for Showdown on Fate of Euro as Crisis Deepens”, The Guardian 13 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/may/13/eu-leaders-showdown-eurozone-crisis

Ed Balls and Peter Mandelson, “We Agree About Europe”, The Guardian, 13 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/may/13/eurozone-crisis-britain-join-debate.

No author cited, “The Euro Crisis: There Are Too Many Alternatives”, The Economist, 12 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21554549.  See also:  “Europe’s Achilles Heel, The Economist, 12 May 2012, at http://www.economist.com/node/21554530?fsrc=nlw|wwb|5-10-2012|1713030|34237756|

Giles Tremlett, “Spanish Banks to Face New Scrutiny as Fears Rise”, The Guardian, 11 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/may/11/debt-crisis-banking.

Ian Traynor and Nick Fletcher, “Eurozone Crisis: EU Moves to Loosen Grip of Austerity”, The Guardian, 8 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/may/08/eurozone-crisis-austerity-greece-alexis-tsipras.

Michael Birnbaum, “Greece at New Risk of Being Pushed Off Euro”, The Washington Post, 8 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/greece-at-new-risk-of-being-pushed-off-euro/2012/05/07/gIQAD9z18T_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Martin Hesse, Christoph Pauly and Anne Seith, “Saving the Euro Will Require Banking Sector Reform”, Spiegel Online, 7 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/europe-needs-to-reform-its-banking-sector-a-831712.html.

Larry Elliott, “Eurozone Crisis: Democracy Trumps Austerity but Will the Euro Survive?”, The Guardian, 7 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/may/07/eurozone-crisis-democracy-trumps-austerity-euro

Julia Amalia Heyer, “Greeks Cast Ballots Against Austerity”, Spiegel Online, 7 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/greeks-clearly-reject-austerity-in-sunday-elections-a-831678.html.

Paul Krugman, “Those Revolting Europeans”, The New York Times, 6 May 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/07/opinion/krugman-those-revolting-europeans.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120507.

During April

Graeme Wearden, “Eurozone Crisis Live: Spanish Crisis Deepens as Recession Confirmed – As It Happened”, The Guardian, 30 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/apr/30/eurozone-crisis-spain-recession#block-4.

John Psaropoulos, “Greece’s Election Supernova: Splintering of Parties Could Spell Doom for the Next Government”, The Daily Beast, 26 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/04/26/greece-s-election-supernova.html.

David Ignatius, “Europe’s Gathering Economic Storm”, The Washington Post, 26 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/france-could-determine-europes-economic-fate/2012/04/25/gIQAWSXlhT_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions.

Landon Thomas Jr and Raphael Minder, “Cost of Spain’s Housing Bust Could Force a Bailout”, The New York Times, 24 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/25/business/global/cost-of-spains-housing-bust-could-force-a-bailout.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120425.

Ian Traynor, “Europe’s Elites Feel the Backlash”, The Guardian, 23 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/apr/23/europe-elite-democratic-backlash.

Annie Lowrey and Jack Ewing, “For Europe, Scrutiny and Diminishing Influence”, The New York Times, 19 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/20/business/global/for-europe-scrutiny-and-diminishing-influence.html?_r=1&partner=rss&emc=rss.

Fiona Ehlers, Julia Amalia Heyer, Christoph Pauly, Daniel Seinvorth and Helene Zube, “Belated Reforms Cut Deep in Southern Europe”, Spiegel Online, 17 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,827797,00.html.

Ian Traynor, “Unemployment of Europe’s Young People Soars by 50%”, The Guardian, 16 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/apr/16/european-youth-unemployment-soars.

Eremy Warner, “Time to Put the Doomed Euro Out of Its Misery”, The Telegraph, 12 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/9200173/Time-to-put-the-doomed-euro-out-of-its-misery.html.

Editorial, “An Overdose of Pain”, The New York Times, 12 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/13/opinion/an-overdose-of-pain-for-spain.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120413.

David Böcking, “Uncertainty about Spain Worries Euro Zone”, Spiegel Online, 12 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,827099,00.html.

Heather Stewart, “Eurozone Crisis Now Being Felt in Asia, Warns Asian Development Bank”, The Guardian, 11 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/apr/11/eurozone-crisis-asian-development-bank-warning.

Heather Stewart, Larry Elliott and Giles Tremlett, “European Stock Markets Rocked by Panic Selling as Debt Crisis Reignites”, The Guardian, 10 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/apr/10/european-stock-market-panic-selling.  See also Giles Tremlett, “Eurozone Crisis Reignites as Spanish Bond Yields Hit Four-Month High”, The Guardian, 10 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/apr/10/eurozone-crisis-spanish-bond-yields

Phillip Inman, “Asian Manufacturing Recovery Held Back by Europe”, The Guardian, 2 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/apr/02/asia-manufacturing-suffers-europe-recession.

Larry Elliott, “UK Manufacturing: Reasons To Be Cautiously Cheerful One, Two, Three…”, The Guardian,  2 April 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/economics-blog/2012/apr/02/uk-manufacturing-reasons-cheerful.

During March

Phillip Inman, “Ireland Back in Recession as Global Slowdown Hits Exports”, The Guardian, 22 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/mar/22/ireland-recession-global-slowdown-exports.

Jack Ewing, “German Bond Prices Decline, Unsettling Confidence in a Safe Haven”, The New York Times, 21 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/22/business/german-bond-prices-falling-as-euro-crisis-eases.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120322.

Annie Lowrey, “US Notes Europe’s Progress in Easing Its Debt Crisis”, The New York Times, 21 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/22/business/economy/us-finance-leaders-see-much-reduced-risk-from-europe.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120322.

Editorial, “Pushing Back Against Austerity, The New York Times, 21 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/22/opinion/pushing-back-against-austerity.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20120322.

Phillip Inman, “Eurozone Firewall Increased to €700bn”, The Guardian, 16 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/mar/16/debt-crisis-europe-news.

Carsten Volkery, “Euro Zone Split over Financial Transaction Tax”, Spiegel Online, 13 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,820965,00.html

No author cited, “Spain’s Budget Deficit”, A Two-Finger Salute to Brussels”, The Economist, 10 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21550002?fsrc=nlw%7Cnewe%7C3-8-2012%7Cpolitics_this_week.

Larry Elliott, “Markets Soar after Greece Clinches Debt-Swap Deal”, The Guardian, 8 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/mar/08/markets-soar-greeks-clinch-debt-deal.

Stephen Castle, “Spain Adjusts Deficit-Reduction Target at European Summit”, The New York Times, 2 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/03/business/global/spain-unable-to-meet-goal-for-deficit-cuts-this-year.html.

Ian Traynor, “EU Summit: European Leaders Focus on Growth, Not Austerity”, The Guardian, 2 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/mar/02/eu-summit-european-leaders-growth-cuts.

PanArmenian, “EU Re-elects Herman Van Rompuy as European Council President, Eurasia Review, 2 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/02032012-eu-reelects-herman-van-rompuy-as-european-council-president/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

During February

No author cited, “Draghi Strikes Back II: Europe’s Central Bank and the Euro Crisis”, The Economist, 29 February 2012. 
Available at:

No author cited, “Rescue Fatigue: Faith That Private-Sector Losses on Greek Bonds Are a One-Off Is Hard to Sustain”, The Economist, 25 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21548251.

Charlemagne, “Too Long an Illness”, The Economist, 25 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21548259?fsrc=nlw%7Cnewe%7C2-23-2012%7Cpolitics_this_week.

Paulo Rigueira. “Europe in Crisis; Global Order, Integration, Csisis and the Future – Analylsis”, Eurasian Review, 23 February 2012.  Available ahttp://www.eurasiareview.com/23022012-europe-in-crisis-global-order-integration-crisis-and-the-future-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Michael Birnbaum, “Deal Reached on $170 Billion Greek Bailout”, The Washington Post, 21 February 2012.  http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/greek-bailout-discussions-stretch-into-tuesday/2012/02/20/gIQASIP4PR_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.  For additional commentary, David Gow, “Greeks Will Suffer for Five Years as Part of Resolving Eurozone Crisis”, The Guardian, 21 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/21/greeks-five-years-eurozone-crisis.

Editorial, “Europe’s Failed Course”, The New York Times, 17 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/18/opinion/europes-failed-course-on-the-economy.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Richard Rousseau, “EU Looks to Central Asia for Energy Security – Analysis”, Eurasia Review, 17 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.eurasiareview.com/17022012-eu-looks-to-central-asia-for-energy-security-analysis/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29.

Ian Traynor, “Greece Approves Austerity Cuts to Secure Eurozone Bailout and Avoid Debt Default”, The Guardian, 13 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/12/greece-austerity-cuts-euro-bailout.

Spiegel Staff, “Merkel Is Leading Europe in the Wrong Direction: Spiegel Interview with George Soros”, Spiegel Online, 13 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,814920,00.html.

Jack Ewing, ”Economists Warn of Long-Term Perils in Rescue of Europe’s Banks”, The New York Times, 12 February, 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/13/business/global/low-interest-loans-to-european-banks-prompt-concern.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Lead Editor, “Jobless and Hopeless”, Athens News, “11 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.athensnews.gr/editorial/53232.

Helena Smith, “Greece on Shaky Ground as Coalition Party Rejects Trioka Loan Deal”, The Guardian, 10 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/feb/10/debt-crisis-greece.

Various writers contributing, “Eurozone Crisis Live: Greek Bailout Deal Reached, but Euro Finance Ministers Cautious   As it Happened”, The Guardian, 9 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/feb/09/eurozone-crisis-live-greek-bailout-deal.

Rachel Donadio, “Greeks Reach Deal on Austerity to Meet Condition of Bailout”, The New York Times, 9 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/10/business/global/breakthrough-on-austerity-cuts-clears-way-for-greek-deal.html?_r=1&ref=global-home.

Liz Alderman and Landon Thomas Jr, “In Europe, Stagnation as a Way of Life”, The New York Times, 9 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/10/business/global/after-accord-in-athens-uncertainties-loom-for-europe.html?ref=global-home.

Helena Smith, “Greek Shares Rally as Prime Minister Closes in on Bailout Deal”, The Guardian, 7 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/feb/07/greek-shares-rally-bailout-deal.

Stefan Kaiser, “It’s Time to End the Greek Rescue Farce”, Spiegel Online, 7 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,813919,00.htmlhttp://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,813919,00.html.

James Kanter, “EU Rebuffs China’s Challenge to Airline Emission System”, The New York Times, 6 February 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/07/business/global/eu-rebuffs-chinas-challenge-to-pollution-plan.html.

Mark Scott, “Europe’s Banks Reluctant to Lend to Companies in Need of Cash”, The New York Times, 6 February 2012.  Available at: http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/02/06/europes-banks-reluctant-to-aid-companies-in-need-of-cash/?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

During January

Ian Traynor, “Germany To Set the Terms for Saving the Euro”, The Guardian, 31 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jan/30/eu-summit-eurozone-treaty-deal.

Edward Cody, “European Leaders Adopt Treaty Pledging Debt Reduction”, The Washington Post, 31 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/european-leaders-meet-to-hammer-out-treaty-pledging-debt-reduction/2012/01/30/gIQA0ruKcQ_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Stephen Castle, “EU Leaders Set to Conclude Austerity Is Not Enough”, The New York Times, 29 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/30/world/europe/30iht-union30.html.

Larry Elliott, “Davos Policymakers are Playing Global Apocalypse – and Running Out of Lives”, The Guardian, 29 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/economics-blog/2012/jan/29/global-economic-crisis-policymakers-apocalypse.

Helena Smith, “Eurozone Crisis: Angry Greeks Condemn EU Plot to Control Its Finances”, The Guardian, 29 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jan/29/eurozone-crisis-greece-commissioner-plan.

Ian Traynor, “Angela Merkel Casts Doubt on Saving Greece from Financial Meltdown”,
The Guardian, 25 January 2012.  Available at:

dsk, “EU Reaches Agreement on Permanent Bailout Fund”, Spiegel Online, 24 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,811053,00.html.

James Kante and David Jolly, “Europe Steps Up Pressure on Greece”, The New York Times, 23 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/24/business/global/lagarde-urges-europe-to-beef-up-bailout-funds.html.

Helena Smith, “Greek Debt Talks on Knife-Edge Amid Growing IMF Pressure on Bondholders”, The Guardian, 22 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jan/22/greek-debt-talks-stall-imf.

Nicholas Kulish, “Central Bank Becomes an Unlikely Hero in Euro Crisis”, The New York Times, 20 January 2012.  Available at: www.nytimes.com/2012/01/21/world/european-central-bank-eases-euro-crisis-a-bit.html.

cgh, “Greece Close to Write-Down Deal with Creditors”, Spiegel Online, 20 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,810420,00.html.

Julia Werdigier, “European Bankers Criticise Role of Rating Agencies”, The New York Times, 17 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/18/business/global/european-central-bankers-criticize-role-of-rating-agencies.html?src=un&feedurl=http%3A%2F%2Fjson8.nytimes.com%2Fpages%2Fworld%2Feurope%2Findex.json.

Ha-Joon Chang, “Don’t Blame the Ratings Agencies for the Eurozone Turmoil”, The Guardian, 15 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/jan/15/dont-blame-ratings-euro-turmoil.

Stefan Kaiser, “A Greek Default Would Hit the ECB Hard”, Spiegel Online, 13 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,808998,00.html.

Editorial, “A Long Bleak Winter”, The New York Times, 13 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/14/opinion/a-long-bleak-winter.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Christoph Hickmann and Christoph Schult, “The Struggle to Give the European Parliament Clout”, Spiegel Online, 12 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,808574,00.html.

Jack Ewing and James Kanter, “European Union Gives Hungary an Ultimatum”, The New York Times, 12 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/13/world/europe/european-union-gives-hungary-an-ultimatum.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all.

Peter Eavis, “For Europe, Few Options in a Vicious Cycle of Debt”, The New York Times, 11 January 2012.  Available at: http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/01/11/for-europe-few-options-in-a-vicious-cycle-of-debt/?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Edward Cody, “France, Germany Warn Greece to Make Debt Deal”, The Washington Post, 10 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/france-germany-warn-greece-to-make-debt-deal/2012/01/09/gIQAl7UxlP_story.html.

Jill Treanor, “Fresh Credit Crunch Fears as Banks Park Record €453bn Cash with ECB”, The Guardian, 4 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jan/04/credit-crunch-fears-record-deposit.

Julian Borger, “EU Agrees Iran Oil Embargo”, The Guardian, 4 January 2012.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jan/04/eu-iran-oil-embargo-ban.

During December

Armin Mahler, “The Lies That Europe’s Politicians Tell Themselves”, Spiegel Online, 30 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,806469,00.html.

No author cited, “Hose and Dry: The ECB Fills Banks with Funds”, The Economist, 31 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21542187?fsrc=nlw%7Cnewe%7C12-28-2011%7Cpolitics_this_week.

Ferry Batzoglou, “New Greek Government Runs Out of Steam”, Spiegel Online, 28 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,805975,00.html.

Juliette Garside, “Nervous Banks Deposit Record €412bn with ECB”, The Guardian, 27 December 2011. available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/dec/27/banks-deposit-record-amount-with-ecb.

Nelson D. Schwartz and David Jolly, “European Bank in Strong Move to Loosen Credit”, The New York Times, 21 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/22/business/global/demand-for-ecb-loans-surpasses-expectations.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Helen Pidd, “Europeans Migrate South as Continent Drifts Deeper into Crisis”, The Guardian, 21 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/dec/21/europe-migrants-crisis-irish-portuguese.

Karen Kissane, “Europeans Face Having to Beg for Daily Bread”, The Sydney Morning Herald, 20 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/opinion/politics/europeans-face-having-to-beg-for-daily-bread-20111219-1p2b8.html.

Thomas Darnstädt, “The Pitfalls of the Merkozy Fiscal Pact”, Spiegel Online, 16 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,803923,00.html.

Larry Elliott, “IMF Slashes Growth Forecasts for Greece”, The Guardian, 13 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/dec/13/imf-slashes-greek-growth-forecast

Philip S. Golub, “The Berlin Consensus: Europe’s Blind March Forward to Depression”, Le Monde Diplomatique, 12 December 2011.  Available at: http://mondediplo.com/blogs/the-berlin-consensus-europe-s-blind-march-forward.

Spiegel Staff, “Why Merkel’s Triumph Will Come at a High Price”, Spiegel Online, 12 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,803097,00.html.

Steven Erlanger and Liz Alderman, “Chronic Pain for Euro”, The New York Times, 11 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/12/world/europe/euro-deal-is-a-pill-but-experts-doubt-it-is-a-cure.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Nicholas Klish, “Euro Crisis Pits Germany and US in Tactical Fight”, The New York Times, 10 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/11/world/europe/euro-crisis-pits-germany-and-us-in-tactical-fight.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22.

Editorial Board Opinion, “Europe at the Brink”, The Washington Post, 11 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/europe-at-the-brink/2011/12/09/gIQAB0dQlO_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

No author cited, “Beware the Merkozy Recipe: The Euro Crisis Cannot be Solved by Yet Another One-Sided Solution”, The Economist, 10 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21541405?fsrc=nlw%7Cwwp%7C12-8-2011%7Cpolitics_this_week.

Harold Meyerson, “Democracy Is on the Retreat in Europe”, The Washington Post, 7 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/democracy-is-on-the-retreat-in-europe/2011/12/06/gIQA2CvpaO_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Ian Traynor and Jill Treanor, “Eurozone Warned of Credit Downgrades After Germany and France Strike Deal”, The Guardian, 6 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/dec/05/eurozone-credit-downgrade-germany-france.  For commentary on the deal see: Larry Elliott, “Germany Is Finally Getting the Eurozone It Wants”, The Guardian 5 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/economics-blog/2011/dec/05/germany-eurozone-angela-merkel-nicolas-sarkozy?INTCMP=SRCH.

Ezra Klein, “Is the Euro Zone’s Flaw Fatal”, The Washington Post, 2 December 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/is-the-euro-zones-flaw-fatal/2011/12/01/gIQAvWLXIO_story.html?hpid=z3.

Heather Stewart and Dominic Rushe, “Central Banks Step in to Stave off New Credit Crunch”, The Guardian, 30 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/nov/30/central-banks-action-new-credit-crunch.

Eric Dash and Nelson D. Schwartz, “Crisis in Europe Tightens Credit Across the Globe”, The New York Times, 28 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/29/business/businesses-scramble-as-credit-tightens-in-europe.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

No author cited, “Obama Hosts European Leaders as Debt Crisis Escalates”, The Washington Post, 28 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/obama-hosts-european-leaders-as-debt-crisis-escalates/2011/11/28/gIQAvnBZ4N_story.html?tid=pm_business_pop.

During November

Nicholas Kulish and Steven Erlanger, “Euro Zone Leaders Weigh New Budget Rules”, The New York Times, 27 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/28/world/europe/euro-zone-leaders-weigh-new-budget-rules.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Thomas Darnstaedt, Christoph Schult and Helene Zuber, “In Search of a United Europe”, Spiegel Online, 24 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,799292,00.html.

No author cited, “Beware of Falling Masonry”, (subtitled: “The crisis in the euro area is turning into a panic and dragging the zone into recession. The risk that the currency disintegrates within week is alarmingly high”), The Economist, 26 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21540259.

Nicholas Watt, “Eurozone Crisis: Cameron and Merkel Agree Framework for EU Negotiations”, The Guardian, 20 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/nov/20/cameron-merkel-working-time-directive.

David Gow, “Brussels Hopes Eurozone’s New Governments Will Sooth Debt Fears”, The Guardian, 20 November 2011,  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/nov/20/eurozone-elections-may-quell-debt-fears.

Niall Ferguson, “Why EU Collapse Is More Likely Than the Fall of the Euro”, The Washington Post, 19 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/why-eu-collapse-is-more-likely-than-the-fall-of-the-euro/2011/11/17/gIQAuY6wZN_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Spiegal Staff, “How the EU Can Emerge from the Ashes”, Spiegel Online, 18 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,797626,00.html.

Jack Ewing, “As European Nations Teeter, Only Lenders Get Central Bank’s Help”, The New York Times, 14 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/15/business/global/as-european-nations-teeter-only-lenders-get-central-banks-help.html.

Rachel Donadio, “Greece and Italy Seek a Solution from Technocrats”, The New York Times, 10 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/11/world/europe/greece-and-italy-ask-technocrats-to-find-solution.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Liz Alderman and Susanne Craig, “Europe’s Banks Found Safety of Bonds a Costly Illusion”, The New York Times 10 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/11/business/global/sovereign-debt-turns-sour-in-euro-zone.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Paul Kregman, “Legends of the Fail”, The New York Times, 10 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/11/opinion/legends-of-the-fail.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212.

Larry Elliott, Heather Stewart and John Hooper, “European Debt Crisis Spiralling Out of Control”, The Guardian, 9 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/nov/09/european-debt-crisis-eurozone-breakup.

Spiegel Staff, “Euro Crisis Heralds the End of an Era in Greece”, Spiegel Online, 8 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,796540,00.html.

Rachel Donadio, “In Turmoil, Greece and Italy Deepen Euro Crisis”, The New York Times, 8 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/09/world/europe/in-turmoil-greece-and-italy-deepen-euro-crisis.html.

Spiegel Staff, “Euro Zone Considers Solution to Last Resort”, Spiegel Online, 7 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,796280,00.html.

Rachel Donadio and Miki Kitsanto, “Greek Leaders Reach Deal to Form a New Government”, The New York Times, 6 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/07/world/europe/pressure-mounts-on-greek-premier-to-resign.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.  See also an article on the human side of the economic and political stress in Greece – Landon Thomas Jr, “Normal Life on Pause and a Sense of Simmering Rage”, The New York Times, 6 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/07/world/europe/in-greece-economic-crisis-brings-rage-and-paralysis.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22

Landon Thomas Jr and Stephen Castle, “The Denials That Trapped Greece”, The New York Times, 5 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/06/business/global/europes-two-years-of-denials-trapped-greece.html.

Rachel Donadio and Niki Kitsantonis, “Greek Leader Survives Vote, Bolstering Deal on Europe Debt”, The New York Times, 4 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/05/world/europe/greek-vote-european-debt.html

Larry Elliott, Patrick Wintour and Angelique Christafis, “Greece May Leave Euro, Leaders Admit”, The Guardian, 3 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/nov/03/greece-may-leave-euro-leaders-admit.

Polly Curtic, “What Happens If Greece Leaves the Euro?” The Guardian, 3 November 2011.  Note that the article includes a table showing bank exposure to Greece in €m and as a percent of equity.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/reality-check-with-polly-curtis/2011/nov/03/greece-bankruptcy-eurozone-exit.

Editorial, “Greece on the Brink”, The New York Times, 2 November 2011. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/03/opinion/weak-economies-weak-leaders-greece.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Spiegel Staff, “EU Summit Paves the Way for a Split Continent”, Spiegel Online, 1 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,795059,00.html.  See also Spiegel’s Interview with the Head of the Polish Central Bank entitled: at: “Euro Crisis Will Continue for a Long Time to Come”, Spiegel Online, 1 November 2011 at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,794969,00.html.

cgh, “Warnings Mount against Concessions to China”, Spiegel Online, 1 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,795202,00.html.

Howard Schneider, ”Rescue Plan Hits Greek Banks, Pension System Hardest”, The Washington Post, 1 November 2011. Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/debt-plan-for-greece-to-fall-hardest-on-locals/2011/10/31/gIQADU8LaM_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

cro, “EU Shocked and Furious at Greek Referendum Plan”, Spiegel Online, 1 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,795176,00.html.  See also commentary by Sven Böll, “Papandreou Is Right to Let the Greeks Decide”, Spiegel Online, 1 November 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,795297,00.html.

During October

Phillip Inman and Helena Smith, “Greece Throws Euro Bailout into Fresh Crisis”, The Guardian, 31 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/31/greece-euro-bailout-fresh-crisis.

Landon Thomas Jr and Jack Ewing, “Can Super Mario Save the Day for Europe”, The New York Times, 29 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/30/business/mario-draghi-into-the-eye-of-europes-financial-storm.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Robert J. Samuelson, “A Greek Default in All but Name”, The Washington Post, 28 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-greek-default-in-all-but-name/2011/10/27/gIQAVogMNM_story.html?wpisrc=nl_opinions

Larry Elliott, “EU Bailout Deal Buys Some Time but Threat of Recession Lingers”, The Guardian, 27 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/oct/27/eu-bailout-deal-time-analysts.

David Gow, Nicholas Watt, Larry Elliott and Jill Treanor, “EU Summit: Crisis Rumbles on as EU Leaders Produce Half-Finished Deal”, The Guardian, 26 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/26/eu-summit-eurozone-crisis-leaders.

Larry Elliott, David Gow and Jill Treanor, “Euro Bailout Wrangles Spook Markets as Fears of Slump Intensify”, The Guardian, 25 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/25/euro-bailout-wrangles-spook-markets.

cro, “Rescue Plan Details: Euro Backstop to Be Leveraged to One Trillion Euros”, Spiegel Online, 24 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,793719,00.html.  Refer to background information in the article by Marie Marquart that is linked below.

Gretchen Morgenson and Louis Story, “Bank’s Collapse in Europe Points to Global Risks”, The New York Times, 22 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/23/business/dexias-collapse-in-europe-points-to-global-risks.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2

Charlemagne, “Wake Up, Euro Zone”, The Economist, 22 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21533392.

No author cited, Portugal and the Euro: In the Mire”, The Economist, 22 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/21533438.

cgh, “EU to Hold Second Summit Next Week Due to Differences”, Spiegel Online, 20 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,793074,00.html.

Maria Marquart, “Europe’s Idea for Maximising the Backstop Fund”, Spiegel Online, 20 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,792994,00.html.

Spiegel Staff, “Europe Deeply Divided Ahead of Make-Or-Break Summit”, Spiegel Online, 17 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/business/0,1518,792229,00.html.

Howard Schneider, “Europe Rejects U.S., IMF Recommendations on Debt Crisis, Stirring Doubts About Plan, The Washington Post, 16 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/europe-rejects-us-approach-to-financial-crisis-stirring-doubts-about-plan/2011/10/13/gIQACZQVmL_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Fareed Zakiaria, “Europe’s Real Problem: a Lack of Growth”, The Washington Post, 13 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/europes-real-problem-a-lack-of-growth/2011/10/12/gIQAUKkDgL_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines

Michael Birnbaum, “Merkel, Sarkozy Reach Agreement on Banking Sector”, The Washington Post, 10 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/merkel-sarkozy-reach-agreement-on-banking-sector/2011/10/09/gIQADOV7XL_story.html.

James Hertling and Tony Czuczka, “Merkel-Sarkozy Divided on Default Threat to Banks: Euro Credit”, The Washington Post, 7 October 2011.  Available at: http://washpost.bloomberg.com/Story?docId=1376-LSNED61A74E901-0PUI44LQGUAKMJUDBFF4AUG0UM.

Spiegel Staff, “The Ticking Euro Bomb”, a three-part history of the common currency.  Part I is entitlee: “How a Good Idea Became a Tragedy”, Spiegel Online, 5 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,790138,00.html.  Links on the page containing Part 1 can be used to obtain the Parts 2 and 3.

Landon Thomas Jr., “European Banks Face Hugh Losses From Greek Bonds”, The New York Times, 4 October 2011.  Available at: http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2011/10/04/banks-in-europe-face-huge-losses-from-greece/?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Larry Elliott, “Mad Hatter’s Tea Party That Is the Eurozone Crisis”, The Guardian, 2 October 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/oct/02/economics-debt-crisis.

During September

Patrick Wintour, “Nick Clegg: EU Will Be Torn Apart If Closer Eurozone Ties Leaves Britain in the Cold”, The Guardian, 28 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2011/sep/28/nick-clegg-eu-will-be-torn-apart-eurozone.

William Keegan, “The Euro Crisis Demands Leadership, Wherever It Comes From”, The Observer, 25 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/sep/25/economic-crisis-demands-leadership.

Paul Krugman, “Euro Zone Death Trip”, The New York Times, 25 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/26/opinion/euro-zone-death-trip.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212.

Howard Schneider, “In Europe, Bonds Deemed Risk-Free Fuelled Debt Crisis, Analysts Say”, The Washington Post, 23 September 2011.  Available at:

Michael Birnbaum, “Europeans Leave Summit with No New Strategy to Deal with Continent’s Debt Crisis”, The Washington Post, 18 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europeans-remain-divided-on-bailouts/2011/09/17/gIQAhdBkZK_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Ian Verrender, “Greece Becomes Byword for Economic Vandalism”, The Sydney Morning Herald, 13 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/business/greece-becomes-byword-for-economic-vandalism-20110912-1k5yx.html.

Liz Alderman and Nelson D. Schwartz, “Markets Brace as the Crisis in Europe Flares Up Again”, The New York Times, 11 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/12/business/global/german-dissent-magnifies-uncertainty.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Landon Thomas Jr and Nelson D. Shwartz, ”In Euro Zone, Banking Fear Feeds on Itself”, The New York Times, 6 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/07/business/global/in-euro-zone-banking-fear-feeds-on-itself.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Liz Alderman and James Kanter, “European Bankers Urge Leaders to Move Quickly on Debt Crisis”, The New York Times, 5 September, 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/06/business/global/euro-zone-leaders-get-warning-from-ecb.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Anthony Faiola, “In Europe, a Struggle for Economic Unity”, The Washington Post, 5 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/in-europe-a-struggle-for-economic-unity/2011/09/02/gIQAmxdg2J_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

Louise Story and Matthew Saltmarsh, “Reluctantly, Europe Inches Closer to a Fiscal Union”, Herald-Tribune, 5 September 2011.  Available at: http://www.heraldtribune.com/article/20110905/ZNYT01/109053007.

During August

Interview With Historian Hans-Joachim Voth, “The Euro Can’t Survive in Its Current Form”, Speigel Online interview by Alexander Jung and Gerhard Spörl, 31 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,783281,00.html.

Pledge for Euro Unity May Not Be Enough to Satisfy Markets”, The New York Times, 16 August 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/17/world/europe/17europe.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha2.

Anthony Faiola, “Debt Crisis in Europe: Worries Grow of Spread to Larger Economies of Italy, Spain”, The Washington Post, 3 August, 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/debt-woes-drag-down-european-markets-add-to-worries-over-italy-spain/2011/08/03/gIQAhX7RrI_story.html?wpisrc=nl_headlines.

During July

kla, “EU Declares Fight Against Right-Wing Extremism”, Spiegel Online, 27 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,776985,00.html.

Ian Traynor, “Bailed Out – Again.  Eurozone Throws Greece €109bn Lifeline”, The Guardian, 22 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/jul/22/bailed-out-eurozone-greece.

Agencies, “Eurozone Default Could Trigger Lehman-Style Crisis, Says Trichet”, The Guardian, 18 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/jul/18/eurozone-default-crisis-trichet.

Lawrence Summers, “How Europe Can Restore Financial Stability”, The Washington Post, 18 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/what-europe-can-do-to-restore-financial-stability/2011/07/15/gIQALuRKKI_story.html.

Charlemagne, “The Euro’s Real Trouble: The Crisis of the Single Currency is Political as Much as Financial”, The Economist, 14 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/18959279

David Gordon Smith, “The Euro Zone Has Been Inviting Speculation”, Spiegel Online, 13 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,774207,00.html.

Stephen Castle, “EU Leaders Push to Solve Deep Divide Over Greece”, The New York Times, 12 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/13/business/global/eu-leaders-to-hold-emergency-meeting-over-greece.html?ref=world.

Tyler Cowen, “Choices for Greece, All of them Daunting”, Herald-Tribune, 10 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.heraldtribune.com/article/20110709/ZNYT01/107093012/-1/news08?Title=Choices-for-Greece-All-of-Them-Daunting&tc=ar

David Böcking, “Europe Seeks To Free Itself from Rating Agencies’ Grip”, Spiegel Online, 7 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/business/0,1518,772733,00.html.

Peter Müller, “The Man Who Wants Greece to Give Up the Euro”, Spiegel Online, 7 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,772969,00.html.

Steve Waldman, “Was It Worth It?”, The Economist, 4 July 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2011/07/greece-and-euro.

Serge Halim, “Europe’s Wakeup Call”, Le Monde Diplomatique, July 2011. Available at: http://mondediplo.com/2011/07/01europe

During June

Mark Mazower, “Democracy’s Cradle, Rocking the World”, The New York Times, 20 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/30/opinion/30mazower.html?ref=world.

Ian Traynor, “David Cameron Enraged by Brochure Showcasing £270m EU Building”, The Guardian, 24 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jun/24/david-cameron-brochure-eu-bulding.

Louise Story, “Derivatives Cloud the Possible Fallout From a Greek Default”, The New York Times, 22 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/23/business/global/23swaps.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha22.

Roger Cohen, “The Great Greek Illusion”, The New York Times, 20 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/21/opinion/21iht-edcohen21.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212.

Rachel Donadio and Niki Kitsantoins, “New Hurdle Is Placed for Loan to Greece”, The New York Times, 20 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/21/world/europe/21greece.html?amp.

Landon Thomas Jr., “In Greece, Some See a New Lehman”, The New York Times, 12 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/13/business/global/13euro.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Mathieu von Rohr and Helene Zube, “A European Generation Takes to the Streets”, Spiegel Online, 7 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,767032,00.html.

Manfred Ertel, “Greek Privatisation Plan Faces Massive Domestic Resistance”, Spiegel Online, 7 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,767199,00.html.  Earlier commentary from The Economist, 26 May at: http://www.economist.com/node/18744305.

Editorial, “Kicking the Can”, The New York Times, 6 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/07/opinion/07tue2.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha211.

Manfred Ertel, Christian Reiermann and Anne Seith, “Greece Back on the Brink”, Spiegel Online, 6 June 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,766809,00.html.

During May

Associated Press, “Spaniards Demonstrate Against Politician’s Handling of the Economic Crisis, “The Washington Post, 19 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/thousands-stage-demonstrations-in-spanish-cities-to-protest-political-parties-crisis-handling/2011/05/19/AFZuq16G_story.html.

Stephen Castle, “Debt Talks Continue, Minus a Key Figure”, The New York Times, 16 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/17/business/global/17euro.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha25.

Charles Hawley, “Greece Needs a Kind of Marshall Plan”, Spiegel Online, 9 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,761723,00.html.

cgh, “Europe Considers a New Bailout Package for Athens”, Spiegel Online, 9 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,761435,00.html.

No author cited, “Greece and Euro: Bailing Out the Bail-Out”, The Economist, 9 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/charlemagne/2011/05/greece_and_euro.

Mark Weisbrot, “Why Greece Should Reject the Euro”, The New York Times, 9 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/10/opinion/10weisbrot.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212.

Ian Traynor, “Arabic Exodus Likely to Lead to Tighter Border Controls in Europe”, The Guardian, 8 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/may/08/arabic-exodus-border-controls-europe.

Christian Reiermann, “Greece Considers Exit from Euro Zone”, Der Spiegel, 6 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,761201,00.html.

Associated Press, “Market Jitters Bring Difficult Choice Between Truth and Lies for Politicians, Spokespeople”, The Washington Post, 4 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/market-jitters-bring-difficult-choice-between-truth-and-lies-for-politicians-spokespeople/2011/05/04/AFafYUlF_story.html?nl_headlines.

Associated Press, “Greece Gets Tough on Tax; Appoints Terror Judge As It Tries To Recoup €11.8 Billion”, The Washington Post, 2 May 2011.  Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/greece-vows-tougher-tax-policy-aimed-at-raising-118-billion-through-2013/2011/05/02/AFHGVoXF_story.html?nl_headlines.