The Australia-China Chamber of Commerce and Industry
of New South Wales




Jiangsu is shown in black.

Note that Chinese names are in MingLiU (Chinese Traditional) screen font.  This may appear as question marks or other symbols if that font is not installed on your browser.


General Profile:

Population: 74,400,000

Regional Capital: Nanjing

Average temperatures: 2 deg C to 4 deg C in January; 26 deg C to 29 deg C in July.

Physical features:  The province is situated on a plain that covers about 95 per cent of the total area.  The Grand Canal cuts across the extensive east-west river systems, which, together with a 1,000-kilometre coastline, create an estuary-type topography.  The area of the province is 102,600 square kilometres.

Rivers: The Yangtze River dominates, but the Huai River, which leads into Anhui Province, and the Guan River, which flows into the Yellow Sea, are also important waterways.

Administrative divisions: 21 cities and 54 counties.

Historical significance: The region within the province became part of China during the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC), before which it was part of several ancient states include Wu and Ch’u.  It was the centre of the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 AD) and became a separate province in 1667.


Natural Resources:

The province is endowed with substantial reserves of rare metals and resources for building materials such as limestone and marble.  Jiangsu possesses the largest reserves of kaoling(高嶺土)in China.

Jiangsu’s coastline provides a suitable base for fishery activities.


Economic Profile:





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Fixed asset investment (RMB bn)





Value added by sector





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  - tertiary (RMB bn)





Retail sales (RMB bn)





Inflation (CPI, %)





Exports (US$ bn)





  - by FIEs (US$ bn)





Imports (US$ bn)





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Foreign direct investment





  - number of projects





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Notes: *Estimated
Jiangsu Statistical Yearbook and State Statistical Bureau.




Water Transport -- While the Yangtze River flows through the province from the west to the east, the Grand Canal(大運河)links Jiangsu with other provinces in the north and south.  The ports of Lianyungang, Nantong, Zhangjiagang(張家港), Nanjing, Zhenjiang(鎮江), Yangzhou(揚州)and Jiangyin(江陰)form a cluster along the downstream portion of the Yangtze River and have been opened to foreign vessels as first-class ports.  Ocean freighters sail directly to ports in Hong Kong, Japan, Southeast Asia, Australia and Europe.

Railways -- The province has a well-developed inter- and intra-provincial railway transportation network.  Major railways running through the province include Jinghu Line(京滬線: Beijing-Shanghai 北京-上海), Longhai Line(龍海線: Lanzhou-Lianyungang 蘭州-連雲港), Ningtong Line(寧銅線: Nanjing-Tongling 南京-銅陵)and Tianjin-Pukou(天津-浦口). Of which, the Longhai Line is an important part of the “New Asia-Europe Continent Bridge” linking Lianyungang with the Siberia Railways to Europe.

In the Tenth Five-Year Plan, the Jiangsu government is going to construct a railway linking Nanjing and Qidong.  Also, several sections of the Chongqing-Shanghai Railway, which passes through Jiangsu, are under construction.  The completion of the railway will greatly enhance economic development along the Yangtze River.

Roadways -- Jiangsu has invested substantially in upgrading its highway networks in recent years.  The Nanjing-Lianyungang and Nanjing-Nantong Class-1 highways have opened to traffic.  Travel time between Nanjing and Shanghai is now shortened to about two and a half hours by the Shanghai-Nanjing Expressway.  Several expressways and road bridges crossing the Yangtze River are under construction.

In the Tenth Five-Year Plan, Jiangsu intends to invest mainly on upgrading its existing roadways.  There are also several new projects, including the Nanjing Yangtze River Underground Tunnel(南京過江隧道), the first Cross-River Tunnel under the Yangtze River and Nantong Yangtze River Bridge(南通長江大橋)), which will be the longest bridge on the Yangtze river.

Air Transport -- At present, there are eight airports (including Nanjing, Suzhou, Changzhou, Xuzhou, Wuxi, Nantong, Lianyungang and Yancheng) in Jiangsu.  The Nanjing Lukou International Airport(南京祿口機場)serves Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, the USA and some European countries. 

Telecommunications -- Telecommunications in the province have been developed rapidly in recent years.  Program-controlled telephones and mobile phone networks have been incorporated into the provincial telecommunication system.  Currently, the number of mobile phone users in Jiangsu is about 6.2 million.  There are also 2.2 million registered internet users.



The province has some of the most fertile farmland in China, as a result of the centuries of soil deposits along the lower portions of Yangtze River. Products include: rice, wheat, corn, sorghum, millet, potatoes, soybeans, peanuts, rape seed, sesame, cotton, ambary hemp, silk, jute, peppermint, spearmint, bamboo, medicinal herbs, apples, pears, peaches, loquats, gingko, coal, phosphorus, salt, pottery clay, and aquatic products.

Specialities include: Gaoyuo duck, Langshan chickens, Taihu whitebait, shad and anchovy from the Yangtze, and Yangcheng Lake crabs.



In 2000, Jiangsu's output totalled RMB 1,044.4 billion and ranked the second highest after Guangdong province.  The province is one of the major centres of light industries in China, particularly as its town and village enterprises are growing rapidly in recent years.

Jiangsu's light industries are well developed, though small- and medium-sized enterprises dominate the industrial sector.  Many cities in southern Jiangsu have become major production bases for machinery, electronics, chemicals, automotive, and textile products.  A number of national famous brands in electronics, machinery, food and textiles have been developed in Jiangsu.

In the near future, the province plans to speed up the development of four pillar industries -- machinery, electronics, petrochemical and automotive.  Jiangsu will develop the areas along the Yangtze River and the Shanghai-Nanjing Railway into a new hi-tech industrial belt.  In the longer run, the province will speed up the development and exploitation of coals, petroleum, iron ore, rock slat, and other mineral resources in northern Jiangsu, as well as the marine industries along its 1,000 km-long coastline.

In 2000, Jiangsu's external trade grew by 38.6 per cent to US$49.2 billion.  Exports reached US$26.4 billion of which, exports by foreign-invested enterprises surged by 46.5 per cent to US$14.5 billion.  Major export goods included food, textile, garment, silk, light products and petrochemical products.

Imports amounted to US$22.8 billion in 2000.  Major import commodities included chemicals, wool, synthetic fibres, steel, plant equipment and light industrial machinery.


Science and Technology:

Jiangsu has 11 state-level economic and technological development zones (ETDZs) approved by the State Council and 68 provincial-level ETDZs.  This includes, the following:

Nantong Economic & Technological Development Zone(南通經濟技術開發區), which is located 16 kilometres from the Nantong port.  Major investments are in light manufacturing industries, including electronics, plywood and leather.

Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone(連雲港經濟技術開發區)is 5 kilometres from the port of Lianyungang and is classified as a general economic and technology development zone. 

Kunshan Economic & Technological Development Zone(昆山經濟技術開發區)is 55 kilometres from Shanghai and was established as state-level hi-tech development zone.

Nanjing High-tech Industrial Development Zone(南京高新技術產業開發區) consists of an industrial zone, a Taiwanese Investment Zone, a teaching and research zone and a comprehensive service canter.

Changzhou High-tech Industrial Development Zone(常州高新技術產業開發區) was established to encourage both domestic and overseas investment projects in the fields of new and high-tech industries, such as pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, building materials, environment protection technologies and chemicals.

Suzhou High-tech Industrial Development Zone(蘇州高新技術產業開發區, also known as Suzhou New Development Zone - 蘇州新區), has electronics, telecommunications and textiles as pillar industries in the zone.

Wuxi High-tech Industrial Development Zone(無錫高新技術產業開發區), located 6 kilometres from the CBD and the Wuxi airport, is one of the four state-level high-tech development zones in Jiangsu.

Suzhou Industrial Park(蘇州工業園) is a co-operative project between China and Singapore approved by the State Council in 1994 and is the only government-level cooperative project in the country in China.  The Chinese side is responsible for the administration of the part, while the Singapore side is responsible for attracting overseas investment projects.  

Zhangjiagang Free Trade Zone(張家港保稅區is situated in the northwest of Suzhou along the “Golden Waterway” of the Yangtze River and was established in 1992.  It is the only free trade zone at an inland port that was approved by the State council.


Consumers’ Market:

Jiangsu is one of the largest consumer markets in the China.  In 2000, retail sales of consumer goods reached RMB 260.4 billion and the province ranks second after Guangdong.  Major consumer markets are located in Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou and Xuzhou.

Overseas retailers, such as China Resources Co. Hong Kong Ltd, Pacific Concord, and Sincere have established department stores, chain stores or retail outlets in Nanjing and Suzhou to tap their rapidly growing consumer markets.

Major department stores and shopping centers in Jiangsu province include the Nanjing Xinjiekou Department Store Shareholding Co.(南京新街口百貨商店股份有限公司), Nanjing Central Shopping Arcade Co. (南京中央商場股份有限公司), Nanjing Shopping Center Co.(南京商廈股份有限公司), Changzhou Department Store (Holdings) (常州百貨大樓股份有限公司), Xuzhou Department Store (Holdings) (徐州百貨大樓股份有限公司), Yixing Sunan Shopping Center (宜興蘇南商廈), Suzhou Shopping Center (蘇州購物中心) and Yixing Jiaoqiao Shopping Center(宜興蛟橋商場).


Key Cities in Jiangsu:

South-eastern industrial zone, as a satellite area to Shanghai, includes:

Ø       Suzhou

Ø       Wuxi and

Ø       Changzhou

Western industrial region:

Ø       Nanjing

Northern industrial region (north of the Yangtze River):

Ø       Nantong

Ø       Xuzhou, and

Ø       Lianyungang

The cities are listed below according to their ranking by industrial output.


Suzhou 蘇州:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

5,762 (+0.2%)

135.8 (+8.7%)

300.6 (+14.9%)

31.6 (+6.0%)

Suzhou is located about 80 kilometres directly west of Shanghai in eastern China and forms the southern portion of the Changzhou-Wuxi-Suzhou urban-growth corridor.  The city is noted for its scenic canals, arched bridges, and historic gardens.

Lake Tai and the Grand Canal are nearby and while other landmarks include a royal tomb from the 5th century BC royal tomb and a pagoda from the 10th century AD.

The city was the capital of the brief Wu state in 518 BC, making it the oldest urban area in the Yangtze River region.

Products include silks, cotton textiles, embroidery, electronic equipment, and chemicals.


Wuxi 無錫:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

4,334 (+0.3%)

113.8 (+8.2%)

249.2 (+6.6%)

32.2 (+7.2%)

Wuxi is a transport, industrial, and resort centre on Lake Tai and on the Grand Canal, about 40 kilometres northwest of Suzhou.  The original name for the city was Youxi, which means “with tin” and was changed to Wuxi (without tin) when the local mines were depleted during the Han Dynasty (206 BC to 220 AD).

The city began to grow in the 1890s, with the production of silk and cotton.  Economic activities expanded since 1949 and now include precision equipment and many high-technology items. 

It is the centre of the Changzhou-Wuxi-Suzhou growth corridor and reflects the relative prosperity of a region that has fertile land, a mild climate and abundant water supplies.

Wuxi is famous for the production of Huishan clay figurines of animals and of opera and drama characters.


Nanjing 南京:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

5,374 (+1.0%)

89.9 (+9.0%)

154.6 (+9.5%)

37.9 (-1.0%)

Nanjing is in the western part of the province and is a major port on the Yangtze River, linking Ma’anshan and other cities in Anhui Province with Shanghai. 

Prehistoric sites were discovered in the region.  This is attributed largely to the protection of surrounding hills and the narrowing of the Yangtze at that point.  It was nevertheless the site of many battles to gain control of the region, including the Opium Wars in the 19th century. 

Principal manufactured products include cement, electronic equipment, optical instruments, iron and steel, motor vehicles, and machine tools.  The city is also noted as the site of Nanjing University, Nanjing Union Theological Seminary, and an astronomical observatory are located here.

Landmarks include a two-level bridge over the Yangtze, the tomb of Sun Yat-sen, and the remains of a 14th-century Ming emperor’s tomb.  


Nantong 南通:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

7,860 (-0.2%)

67.0 (+7.4%)

113.9 (+11.3%)

23.0 (+7.7%)

Nantong is about 100 kilometres from Shanghai’s CBD, but is on the northern portion of the Yangtze River.  It therefore acts as a trading centre for the large section of the province lying on that side of the river.


Xuzhou 徐州:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

8,775 (+0.2%)

60.0 (+8.1%)

99.6 (+13.5%)

17.1 +6.8%)

Xuzhou is spelled as Suchou on some maps.  It lies on the Grand Canal and is close to a rich coal-mining region, thus making it a major transport centre between Beijing and Shanghai.  Its importance dates back to the 2nd century BC, when the city was linked to the ancient capitals during that period.  It was called Tungshan from 1912 to 1945 and was part of neighbouring Shandong Province from 1949 to 1952.

Manufacturing industries began to develop after 1949, including machinery, textiles, and machine tools.


Changzhou 常州:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

3,397 (-0.3%)

53.9 (+6.8%)

111.1 (+9.9%)

18.4 (+6.0%)

Changzhou is at the northern extreme of the Changzhou-Wuxi-Suzhou growth corridor, 40 kilometres from Wuxi and about 140 kilometres southeast of Nanjing.

Like other parts of the region, Changzhou was an established city for more thatn 1,000 years.  It began to develop a textile industry in the 1920s and later became an leading producer of heavy equipment, such as diesel engines, generators, and farm machinery.

Rail links between Nanjing and Shanghai contribute to the city's importance as a trade centre.


Lianyungang 連運港:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

4,482 (+1.0%)

28.5 (+7.7%)

59.3 (+13.8%)

8.9 (+5.5%)

Lianyungang is located in the northern part of the province, approximately 25 kilometres from the coast and 50 kilometres from the border with Shandong Province.  It is classified as a port city with range of smaller-scale manufacturing enterprises. 

Information Sources:


Information contained in this page was obtained from:

Hong Kong Trade Development Council (


Additional Information:


We are in the process of maintaining regular contact with organisations in the cities listed.  Please contact us if you require additional information about Jiangsu Province or any of the cities listed.



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