The Australia-China Chamber of Commerce and Industry
of New South Wales








Guangxi is shown in black.

Note that Chinese names are in MingLiU (Chinese Traditional) screen font.  This may appear as question marks or other symbols if that font is not installed on your browser.

General Profile:

Population: 44,900,000.

Regional Capital: Nanning.

Average temperatures: 6 deg C to 16 deg C in January; 25 deg C to 29 deg C in July.

Physical features: The land area of the province is 236,661 square kilometres.  The province is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, with mountains on three sides. The coastal portion faces Beibu Bay (Gulf of Tonkin).  Since Guangxi is the only western province that has a coastline, it assumes a very important role in the Western Region Development Program, especially as a major seaport.  It is one of China's most rainy areas and has short winters with long, hot and humid summers.

Rivers: Western branches of the Pearl River drain the southern and central portions of the province.

Administrative divisions: 11 cities, 65 counties and 12 autonomous counties.

Historical significance:  The region officially became part of China in 214 BC, when the army of the Qin Dynasty claimed most of the southern provinces, including Guangdong.  The western part of Guangxi was occupied by the Zhuang(壯)people, whose language is related to Thai.  They comprise China’s largest minority group, but are now well assimilated.

Other ethnic groups in the region include Yao(瑤), Miao(苗), Hui(回), Yi(彝)and Shui(水).

Natural Resources:

With 96 kinds of mineral deposits found, including the largest deposits of tin, manganese and indium in the country, the region has emerged as a major nonferrous metal production base.  Guangxi also has the largest reserve of lime and is rich in timber and forestry reserves.

Economic Profile:




Economic Indicators





(% p.a.)

(% p.a.)

Gross domestic product (RMB bn)


7.7 *


7.2 *

Per capita GDP (RMB)





Income per capita




- urban (RMB)





- rural (RMB)





Fixed investment (RMB bn)





Value added by sector




- primary (RMB bn)





- secondary (RMB bn)





- tertiary (RMB bn)





Retail sales (RMB bn)





Inflation (retail prices, %)





Exports (US$ bn)





- by FIEs (US$ bn)





Imports (US$ bn)





- by FIEs (US$ bn)





Foreign direct investments




- number of projects





- contracted amount (US$ bn)





- utilised amount (US$ bn)





Notes: * in real terms
Sources: China Statistical Abstract, 2001.



Water Transport Beihai, Qinzhou and Fangcheng are Guangxi's major ports with more than 23 berths for 10,000-tons vessels.  Inland river ports such as Nanning, Wuzhou and Guigang are also significant in the region.  Guangxi has plans to build eight new berths for 10,000-ton ships in Beihai to increase its total handling capacity to 20 million tons upon completion.  The No.9 Berth and No.10 Berth in Fangcheng, as well as the second-phase of the Xijiang Sailing Project(西江航運第二期), are under construction.  By end-2000 Guangxi had more than 30 deep-water berths with an annual handling capacity over 25 million tons. 

Railways Major railways in Guangxi include Xianggui line(湘桂線: Hunan-Guangxi 湖南-廣西), Qiangui line(黔桂線: Guizhou-Guangxi 貴州-廣西), Nankun line(南昆線: Nanning-Kunming 南寧-昆明), Lizhan line(黎湛線: Litang-Zhanjiang 黎塘-湛江), Zhiliu line(枝柳線: Panzhihua-Liuzhou 攀枝花-柳州), Jiaoliu line(焦柳線: Jiaozuo-Liuzhou 焦作-柳州), Qinbei line(欽北線: Qinzhou-Beihai 欽州-北海)and Liqin line(黎欽線: Litang-Qinzhou 黎塘-欽州).  The three major ports in the region are connected by the Nanning-Fangcheng line and the Qinzhou- Beihai line.

Roadways Nanning, Liuzhou and Guilin are the land transportation hubs in Guangxi.  Major expressways crossing Guangxi include the Guilin-Beihai Expressway(桂林- 北海高速公路), include the Liugui Expressway(柳桂高速公路 Liuzhou-Guilin, Nanliu Expressway(南柳高速公路 Nanning-Liuzhou, Liangjiang Expressway(兩江高速公路 Guilin's Downtown-Guilin's Liangjiang International Airport.  New expressways, including Liuzhai-Jingcheng-Nanning(六寨-金城-南寧高速公路)Expressway and Nanning-Beihai Expressway, Nanning-Wuzhou Highways and Nanning-Pingguo(平果)Highways, Shuiren- Nanning Expressway(水任-南寧高速公路)are under construction or being planned.

Recently, the region has opened a transport route for passenger linking Pingxiang port with Lang Son in Vietnam.  The opening of the transport route will help boost Sino-Vietnamese border trade and tourism.  Guangxi also plans to open a water-land transport route for passenger from Nanning to Vinh Ha Long in Vietnam.

To cope with the Western Region Development Strategy, the Guangxi government will expedite construction of highways within the region that forms an integral part of the Southwest Sea Passage Expressway, which will be a roadway connecting the southwest provinces, allowing Chongqing and other cities in Sichuan Province to have a more direct link to the sea.

Air Transport Airports are located in Guilin, Nanning, Liuzhou, Beihai and Wuzhou. The Guilin Liangjiang International Airport(桂林兩江國際機場)which opened to traffic in May 1997 offers direct flights to both domestic and international destinations. The airport has opened two international air routes - Fukuoka in Japan and Seoul.  Guangxi now offers more than 100 domestic and international air routes.

Telecommunications The region has invested heavily in telecommunication in recent decade.  By 1999, mobile phone subscribers in Guangxi reached 746 thousand and the penetration rate was 1.6 mobile phones for every 100 persons.

Electricity By end-2000, Guangxi had an installed power-generating capacity of 28.3 billion kWh.   Construction of Longtan Hydropower Plant(龍灘水電站)on Hongshui River is well on its way.  The plant will have an installed generating capacity of 4.2 million kWh upon completion and for long term, it will have 5.4 million kWh.  This big project will be second only after the Three Gorges Water Control Project on the Yangtze River in terms of installed generating capacity. 

The constructions of the Qinzhou natural gas power plant and Baise hydro power plant are also well underway.


Products include: rice, wheat, corn, potatoes, millet, sorghum, rape seed, cassava, peanuts, sugar cane, tea, soybeans, ambary hemp, silk, tobacco, oranges, lychees, logans, bananas, pineapples, rubber, coffee, pepper, sisal hemp, tea oil, lemongrass, aniseed, fennel oil, cassia bark and sea products.  The output of sugar cane and fruit is the largest in China.

Guangxi produces some of the best pearls in the world. 


In 2000, Guangxi's industrial output reached RMB 99.3 billion from industries that are located mainly in Liuzhou, Nanning, Wuzhou, Guilin and Beihai.  Major industries in the region include sugarcane and food processing, nonferrous metal, automobiles and machinery.  Guangxi has the country’s largest aluminium production base, the Pingguo Aluminium Manufacture(平果鋁業公司), which is also the largest in Asia. 

Guangxi is the largest sugarcane production base in China.  Total output of sugarcane accounted for 39 per cent of the country's total reaching 32.2 million tons in 1999. 

The machinery and equipment industry is significant in Guangxi.  It comprises automobiles, heavy mining machinery, electrical and electronic equipment , instruments and apparatus, standard parts and components, packing machinery, metal components, agricultural machinery, shipbuilding machinery, craning machinery.

The Liuzhou Engineering Machine Shareholding Company (柳州工程機械股份有限公司) is the largest engineering machine producer in China.  Guangxi Yuchai Machine Shareholding Company (廣西玉柴機械股份有限公司) manufactures the largest number of internal combustion engines. 

The province also has a strong chemical industry.  It is the largest turpentine producer in China.

Guangxi’s light industry is also well developed.  Liuzhou Cement Factory(柳州水泥廠)is the largest cement producer in China (China is the largest cement producer in the world).

In recent years, Guangxi has successfully promoted many brand names including Liuzhou's "Wuling Light Automobiles"(柳州五菱輕型汽車), Liuzhou's "Heimei" (Black-Girl) Toothpaste(柳州黑妹牙膏)and Guilin's "Xiangshan" Lychee(桂林象山荔枝).

Guangxi's exports totalled US$1.6 billion in 2000, of which US$340 million was attributed to foreign-invested enterprises.  Major export goods were garments, food, cement, textiles, electronic components and building materials.  Major export markets included Hong Kong, Vietnam, the US, Japan and the Netherlands. 

Imports remained basically unchanged in 2000, at about US$700 million.  Major import goods included fertilizer, diesel and crude oil, chemical raw materials and steel products  Import sources mainly came from Hong Kong, Vietnam, Japan, the US and Germany. 

Science and Technology:

Guangxi leads China in several key research areas.  One of them is agriculture technology.  In 2000, it has completed the first gene bank for aniseed and golden camellia.

There were two state-level high-tech development zones, one state-level holiday resort zone, and two border-trade economic development zones, as well as 29 provincial-level ETDZs in the province, including the following:

Nanning High and New-Tech Industrial Development Zone (南寧高新技術產業開發區)is located in the suburb of Nanning city and was approved by the State Council in December 1992 to develop capital-intensive and high value-added technologies.  Foreign investments are encouraged to develop biology engineering, new building materials and information technology.

Guilin High and New-Tech Industrial Development Zone (桂林高新技術產業開發區)was the first State-level high and new-tech industrial development zone in Guangxi.  The zone's utilised foreign investment exceeded US$56.6 million since 1995 and attracted famous enterprises such as NEC from Japan and Nokia from Finland to invest in the zone.

Beihai Silver Beach Tourist Holiday Zone(北海銀灘國家旅遊度假區) was approved by the State Council in October 1992 as one of the 11 state-level vacation and tourism development zones. 

Huning Seaboard Economic Corridor Development Zone (扈甯沿海經濟走廊發展區was established in June 1993 and is located between Nanning and Qinzhou.  That region will subsequently be known as the Nanning- Qinzhou economic zone. 

Pingxiang Border Trade Development Zone(憑祥邊境經濟合作區)was approved by the State Council in September 1992 to develop border trade with Vietnam.

Wuzhou Export Goods Processing Area(梧州對外加工區)was established in September 1991 and is designed to develop high-tech export goods, as well as automobile components, assembling, electronics, etc. 

Dongxing Border Trade Development Zone(東興邊境經濟合作區, like the Peingxiang Border Trade Development Zone, was approved by the State Council in September 1992 to develop border trade with Vietnam.

Consumers’ Market:

Retail sales of consumer goods in Guangxi rose by 8.6 per cent to RMB 85.9 billion in 2000.  Major consumer centres are located at Nanning and Liuzhou, accounting for 17 per cent and 9 per cent of the region's total. 

Major department stores and shopping centres in Guangxi include Nanning Department Store(南寧市百貨大樓), Guangxi Business Tower(廣西商業大廈), Nanning Trade Market(南寧交易場), Nanning Heping Business Center(南寧和平商場), Nanning Minzu Business Center(南寧民族商場), The Liuzhou Zhongtang Shareholding Corp. Ltd.(柳州中糖股份有限公司), Guilin Department Store Shareholding Corp. Ltd.(桂林百貨大樓股份有限公司), Liuzhou Baixin Shareholding Corp. Ltd.(柳州百鑫股份有限公司), Liuzhou Industrial & Commerce Building Shareholding Corp. Ltd.(柳州工貿大廈股份有限公司)and Nanning Nanfang Building(南寧南方大廈).

Key Cities in Guangxi Autonomous Region:

Central industrial zone – this includes the region around Nanning.

Ø  Nanning and

Ø  Liuzhou

Eastern industrial zone – this region is close to the border with provinces to the east (Hunan and Guangdong) and includes:

Ø  Wuzhou and

Ø  Guilin

Southern zone – this is dominated by the coastal region and includes:

Ø  Qinzhou,

Ø  Beihai, and

Ø  Fangchenggang

Nanning 南寧:


1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

2,859 (+0.5%)

27.4 (+6.2%)

18.7 (+2.7%)

13.7 (+8.7%)

Nanning was a relatively small market town at the beginning of the 20th century and grew rapidly in the post-1949 period.  It is now a prosperous industrial city.

It is situated along the Yong River, which is a tributary of the Pearl River, where it forms a fertile valley north of the mountains that lie on the Sino-Vietnamese border.

Manufacturing activities include iron and steel, aluminium, processed food, fertilizers, and machinery.

Liuzhou 柳州:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

1,804 (+0.7%)

17.5 (+5.4%)

27.1 (+1.8%)

6.6 (+4.7%)

Liuzhou lies about 200 kilometres northeast of Nanning, along a sharp bend in the Liu River.  It is now the largest industrial centre in Guangxi, though, like other cities in the autonomous region, it was not developed until after 1949.

The city has several major road and rail links, which contribute to its importance as a regional centre.  It is noted for its machinery, electronic equipment, and chemicals.  Traditional handcrafted wood and paper products from Liuzhou are also well known.

Wuzhou 梧州:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

2,707 (-2.6%)

11.6 (+2.5%)

11.4 (+1.8%)

5.2  (+8.3%)

Wuzhou is along the Pearl River and is only a few kilometres from the Guangdong border.  It was an important trading town in the 18th century, particularly for tobacco and herbs.

It lies on the Tropic of Cancer so it is slightly north of Nanning.

Guilin 桂林:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

4,792 (+32.4%)

27.6 (+165%)

22.2 (+91.3%

10.4 (+108%)

Guilin is in the northeastern part of Guangxi, about 80 kilometres from the Hunan border.  It is an important transport hub and industrial centre, but it is better known for its location in the scenic region with stunning limestone peaks.  It was made famous by classical Chinese poets and painters.

Economic activities include fishing, food processing, and the manufacture of fertilizers, rubber goods, textiles, machinery, and electronic equipment.  Tungsten and tin are mined nearby.

Qinzhou 欽州:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

3,148 (+1.1%)

12.8 (+7.5%)

6.2 (-1.5%)

4.9 (+8.9%)

Qinzhou is a short distance from the coast and is about 100 kilometres south of Nanning.  Much of that region is being developed as an economic zone.

Beihai 北海:

1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

139.5 (+1.2%)

10.8 (+3.8%)

8.8 (+1.1%)

3.1 (+6.9%)

Beihai is situated on an peninsula in the southeastern part of Guangxi, about 70 kilometres from the larger Leizhou Peninsula in Guangdong Province.  It is renowned for its pearls. 

Tourism is becoming a major activity.


1999 data:



Industrial Output

Retail Sales


(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

(RMB bn)

771 (+1.3%)

5.5 (+5.7%)

3.9 (+5.4%)

1.9 (+5.6%)

Fengchenggang lies on an even smaller peninsula west of Beihai and about 50 kilometres southwest of Qinzhou.  It has an excellent harbour.

Information Sources:

Information contained in this page was obtained from:

Hong Kong Trade Development Council (http://www.hktdc.com).

Additional Information:

We are in the process of maintaining regular contact with organisations in the cities listed.  Please contact us if you require additional information about Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region or any of the cities listed.

Return to the top of this page.