The Australia-China Chamber of Commerce and Industry
of New South Wales






Chongqing Municipality is shown as the small white square surrounded by the black area, which is Sichuan Province.

General Profile:

Population: 31,900,000

Area: 82,042 square kilometres

General information: The city is located along the upper portion of the Yangtze River in southwest China.

In March 1997, Chongqing was upgraded in administrative status to become the fourth municipality that is responsible directly to the central government (together with Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin).  At that time, the administrative jurisdiction of the Chongqing government was extended to include its neighbouring Fuling city(涪陵市), Wanxian city(萬縣市)and the Qianjiang region(黔江地區).

Chongqing municipality is expected to have an important function in the resettlement program for more than one million people who will be affected by the Three Gorges Dam Project, which is located downstream on the Yangtze River.  About RMB 70 billion will be needed for the redevelopment program of the region between Chongqing and Wuhan. 

Natural Resources:

Chongqing is rich in natural resources, with more than 40 kinds of minerals.  Its coal reserve are estimated to be 4.8 billion tonnes. The Chuandong Natural Gas Field in Chongqing is China's largest inland production base of natural gas, with deposits of 270 billion cubic metres, accounting for more than one-fifth of China's total.  Chongqing also contains China’s largest reserve of strontium, and China has the 2nd largest reserve of the mineral in the world. 

Economic Profile:




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Notes: *in real terms
Sources: China Statistical Abstract



Water Transport Chongqing is a major trading port on the upper Yangtze River, as well as the Jialing River and Minjiang River, which are the two major rivers converging into the Yangtze River.  Upon completion of the Three Gorges Dam project, vessels up to 10,000 tons can reach Chaotianmen Port(朝天門港)at high tide.  Another deep-water berth is planned for the municipality at Changshou Port(長壽港).

Railways Chongqing is a major transportation hub in southwest China.  Three major railways, referred to as the Chengyu Lines(成渝線), are: Chengdu-Chongqing 成都-重慶), Chuanqian Lines(川黔線: Chengdu-Guiyang 成都-貴陽)and Xiangyu Lines(襄渝線: Xiangfang-Chongqing 襄樊-重慶).  

The municipality also plans to construct a railway running along the Yangtze River to Shanghai within the next 5 years.  This new railway will connect Chongqing with cities in Sichuan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Anhui, and Jiangsu provinces.

An urban rail system is also under construction in Chongqing.

Roadways One of the major roadways is the Chengdu-Chongqing Expressway (成渝高速公路)which connects Chongqing with the national highway network.  Chongqing Lijiatuo Yangtze Bridge(重慶李家沱長江大橋), Fengjiang Yangtze Bridge(豐江長江大橋)and a 10 km ring-road encircling Chongqing have eased traffic bottlenecks within the city. 

Other major roadways include Yuchang Expressway(渝長高速公路), linking Chongqing and Changshou(長壽), and an 53.5 km-long expressway from Changshou to Fuling(長涪高速公路), and the Yuqian Expressway(渝黔高速公路)from Chongqing to Guiyang(貴陽). 

Two key projects in the tenth Five-Year Plan are the Chongqing- Beihai Expressway and Chongqing- Zhanjiang Expressway.  These two roadways are key components of the Southwest Sea Passage, which is expected to complete before 2005.

Air Transport The Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport(江北機場)was recently expanded to allow more flights.  The first direct air route between Chongqing and Seoul, capital of the Republic of Korea, was opened in June 2000.  Currently, Chongqing has direct air routes to about 50 domestic cities and countries including Hong Kong, Macao, Bangkok, Munich, Nagoya.

Telecommunications Chongqing has direct-dial telephone and telegram links with most major overseas countries and regions.  There were over 1.7 million installed telephone lines at the end of June 2000, linking the city with other domestic and overseas cities.  The telephone penetration rate reached 7.8 per cent in 2000, while the number of mobile telephones subscribers reached 540,000.

Gas Supply Construction of a new gas pipeline started in 2000, which will link the provinces of Sichuan and Hubei.  Main part of the pipeline starts at Zhongxian County in Chongqing and ends in Wuhan.  The project is expected to complete by early 2003.

Oil Supply Construction of Lanzhou-Chengdu-Chongqing oil pipeline is almost completed.  It would pass through 30 counties and cities in Gansu and Shaanxi provinces with Chongqing.  It will have an annual oil delivering capacity of more than 5 million metric tons.


The region surrounding Chongqing has a well-developed agricultural sector.  Production of jute is particularly good and the municipality plans to
become the largest spice-producing area in China by 2005.


Chongqing has a strong industrial base.  In 2000, the municipality’s industrial output totalled RMB 95.7 billion, an increase of 13.0 per cent over 1999. 

Chongqing is one of the four major producers of motor vehicles and is one of the main military production bases of China.  Motor car production grew strongly by nearly 40 per cent to 219,000 in 1999.  Leading car makers include Changan Automotive Corp and China Jialing Industrial Corporation Group (中國嘉陵工業集團)-- a joint venture with the Honda Corporation in Japan.

Motor bikes are produced by Jialing Motorcycle Company, Lifan Hongda Enterprise (力帆轟達企業), and Chongqing Longqin Industrial Group(重慶隆欽工業集團).

The municipality is also one of the 9 largest iron and steel centres in China and one of the three major aluminium producers.  It produces more than 120 kinds of steel products and 13,000 kinds of specifications of aluminium goods.  It is also one of the most important chemical and pharmaceutical production bases in China. 

Although motor cars, metallurgical products and chemicals will continue to be the pillar industries of the municipality, other major industries include textiles, machinery, electronics, building materials and food processing.

Chongqing's exports doubled from US$530 million to US$1.1 billion in 2000.  This increase is attributed largely to Chongqing’s rapidly expanding motor bike industry.  Other major exported goods included clothing and textiles, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, machinery, hand tools and other light products. 

Hong Kong was the largest export market, accounting for 31 per cent of the total.  Other export markets were Japan, the US, Germany, Republic of Korea and the Netherlands.

Imports remained basically unchanged in 2000.  Imports of motor vehicle parts accounted for 34 per cent of the total, while other major categories were electronic equipment, chemical materials, steel and iron, and light industrial products.  Major import sources were Japan, Hong Kong, Germany, the US and Australia.

Science and Technology:

Technological development zones in the municipality include the following:

The Chongqing Economic & Technological Development Zone (重慶經濟技術開發區)

This was established in 1990 and covers an area of 9.6 square kilometres.  By the end of 1999, more than 260 foreign-invested projects were approved with total investment of US$1.3 billion, mainly from Japan, Hong Kong, the USA, and Taiwan.  Most foreign-invested projects were involved in motor cars, motor bikes and other high-tech manufacturing industries

The Chongqing New and High Technological Development Zone (重慶高新技術開發區)

The zone, covering an area of 30 square kilometres, was developed to attract both overseas and domestic investment in high-tech industries, such as photoelectric, microelectronics, automation instruments and computer software.  In 1999, the GDP of the Development Zone amounted to RMB 8.5 billion.  The average annual growth of GDP in the Zone since its establishment in 1991 had been 77.48 per cent.

Consumers’ Market:

Retail sales of consumer goods in Chongqing rose by 7.9 per cent to RMB 64.3 billion in 2000.

Jiafangbei Commercial District (解放碑) locating in the Yuzhong District, is Chongqing's traditional commercial centre.  Most major state-owned and foreign-owned department stores are situated in this district.  Major department stores and shopping centers include Chongqing Department Store(重慶百貨大樓), Chongqing New Century Department Store(重慶新世紀百貨), the Metropolis Plaza(大都會廣場), Chongqing Qunying Shopping Center(群鷹百貨), Chongqing Pacific Department Store(重慶太平洋百貨), Chongqing Fu'an Department Store(重慶富安百貨), Chongqing Wanyou Parkson Shopping Arcade(重慶萬友白盛百貨), Chongqing Yangguang Department Store(重慶陽光百貨), Jiafangbei Central Shopping Center(解放碑中心購物廣場)and Jialefu Direct-sale Department Store(家樂福直銷商場).

Information Sources:

Information contained in this page was obtained from:

Hong Kong Trade Development Council (http://www.hktdc.com).

Additional Information:

Austrade Office in Chengdu (about 275 kilometres from Chongqing):

James Zhan, Manager: james.zhan@austrade.gov.au
Mobile: 13980922760

Stephanie Zhou, Business Development Manager: stephanie.zhou@austrade.gov.au
Mobile: 13980672220

Rm408 Holiday Inn, 31 Zongfu St.
Chengdu China 610016

Tel: (86 28) 6786 128
Fax: (86 28) 6786 228

The Chamber is in the process of maintaining regular contact with organisations in the Chongqing.  Please contact us if you require additional information.

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