The Australia-China Chamber of Commerce and Industry
of New South Wales




Tianjin Municipality is shown as the small white area within the black area, which is Hebei Province.


General Profile:

Population: 10,000,000

Area: 11,300 square kilometres

Average temperatures: -4 deg C in January; 26 deg C in July.

Physical features: The municipality is in a low-lying alluvial plain formed by the Hai River, with soil that is saline-alkaline. Tianjin's coastal region lies on the Bohai Sea.

Rivers:  The old part of the city is situation at the junction of the Hai River and the Grand Canal. 

Administrative divisions: 13 districts and 5 counties, including Tianjin City (天津市區), Wuqing(武清), Ninghe(寧河), Baodi(寶坻), Jinghai(靜海)and Jixian (薊縣), which have been opened to foreign investors and enjoy preferential economic policies.

Historical significance: The city became an important seaport and grain-storage area when Beijing was established as the capital in the 13th century.  It acquired a walled garrison in the 17th century and was opened to foreigners following the Treaty of Tianjin in 1859.  By 1900, foreign concessions included the British, French, Japanese, Germans, Austro-Hungarians, Italians and Belgians.


Natural Resources:

The municipality has m
ore than 35 minerals including coal, iron ore, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, barite, dolomite, manganese, china clay and marble.  The Dagang(大港)and Bohai Sea oilfields have abundant reserves, and the Changlu(長蘆)salt field is the largest in China. 


Economic Profile:





Economic Indicators







(% p.a.)


(% p.a.)

Gross domestic product (RMB bn)


8.2 *


10.8 *

Per capita GDP (RMB)





Disposable income per capita





  - urban (RMB)





  - rural (RMB)





Fixed investment (RMB bn)





Value added by sector:





  - primary (RMB bn)





  - secondary (RMB bn)





  - tertiary (RMB bn)





Retail sales (RMB bn)





Inflation (CPI, %)





Exports (US$ bn)





  - by FIEs (US$ bn)





Imports (US$ bn)





  - by FIEs (US$ bn)





Foreign direct investment





  - number of projects





  - contracted amount (US$ bn)





  - utilised amount (US$ bn)





Notes: *in real terms
Sources: Tianjin
Statistical Yearbook




Water Transport -- The Port of Tianjin is capable of accommodating the fifth generation containerships.  It is open to over 40 international shipping lines connecting with more than 300 ports in over 160 countries and regions.  In 1999, the port handled more than 72 million tonnes of cargoes.  It has 8 container berths with an annual handling capacity of 1 million TEUs.  Further expansion is being planned.

The Port of Xingang(新港)has more than 62 berths and is one of China's largest container terminals with annual handling capacity of 700,000 TEUs.  The port also offers specialised handling facilities for coal, oil, grain and salt. 

Railways -- The city, located at the junction of Beijing-Shenyang and Beijing-Shanghai railways, making it one of China major railway hubs.

After Beijing was selected to host the 2008 Olympics, Tianjin planned to invest heavily to improve the urban transport system.  Projects under construction are the No.1 line of the Metro Subway and a light railway connecting the CBD with the Coastal New Area(濱海新區).

Roadways -- With the opening of the Beijing-Tianjin-Tanggu(塘沽)expressway, travel time between Beijing and Tianjin was shortened to 90 minutes.  In addition, a section of an expressway linking Beijing and Shenyang was recently opened and passes through the municipality. 

In the near future, Tianjin's road network will be linked with the national north-south arterial highway from Beijing to Jiujiang, Tianjin to Taiyuan, Tianjin to Fuzhou and a circular beltway around the city will be built to connect with 14 highways radiating out from Tianjin's centre.

Air Transport -- The Tianjin International Airport provides regular domestic and international flights to major cities in China, as well as to various international destinations.

Telecommunications -- The city's output of mobile telecommunications equipment was the second highest in China.  By 2005, Tianjin is expected to have 4.8 million mobile phone users with a penetration rate of 20 per cent.  Internet users also reached 300,000 at the end of 2000.

Other  -- In order to help Beijing to host the 2008 Olympics, Tianjin will invest RMB 700 million on the construction of a new stadium.  It will occupy an area of 70,000 to 80,000 square metres and have a capacity of more than 60,000 people.



Agricultural products include
wheat, corn, potatoes, sorghum, peanuts, soybeans, cotton, ambary hemp, pears and walnuts.  The municipality is also important as a source of sea products.  



Tianjin is an important industrial centre in northern China.  The city's industrial output rose by 15.4 per cent to RMB 258.3 billion in 2000.  Its key industries include motor vehicles, electronics, metallurgy and petrochemicals.

There are over 6,500 enterprises in the municipality, mainly in the fields of metallurgical, petrochemicals, machinery, clothing and textiles, electronics, motor vehicles, pharmaceuticals and light industries.  Major products are textiles, bicycles, watches, TV sets, carpets, electrical appliances, chemicals, machine tools, paper, steel, machinery for chemical industries, PVC and plastics.  

In recent years, Tianjin has become the biggest mobile phone manufacturer in China, with substantial investment by Motorola in the Tianjin Economic and Technology Development Zone.  At the end of 2000, approximately 4 out of 10 cell phones used in China are manufactured in Tianjin.  Motorola plans to invest an additional RMB 16 billion to build a semiconductor chips manufacturing centre and Asia telecommunication product centre in Tianjin.

Tianjin, already a leading port city and manufacturing centre in northern China, is also becoming the region's largest financial centre.  Many banks are located in the Jiefangbeilu area, which is the traditional financial centre of Tianjin.  

In 2000, Tianjin's exports rose by 20.3 per cent to US$7.7 billion.  Major export commodities were clothing, textiles, chemicals, electronics, household electrical appliances and machinery.  Exports from foreign-funded enterprises reached US$6.4 billion, accounting for 83 per cent of the total.  

Imports rose by 35.7 per cent to US$9.5 billion in 2000.  Major import goods included machinery, textile and garments.


Science and Technology:


Tianjin’s Coastal New Area(濱海新區)is known as "the Pudong of North China" and is an important economic development zone in Tianjin.  The area covers Tianjin Port, Tianjin Economic and Technology Development Zone, the Tianjin Bonded Zone and other five districts in the eastern part of the city along the Bohai Sea.  

The Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Zone(天津經濟技術開發區): The zone was approved by the State Council in 1984 and includes 3,164 foreign-invested enterprises with contracted foreign investment of US$9.2 billion.  The enterprises are from 59 countries and regions including the US, Hong Kong, Korea, the UK, and Japan.  Most of these are engaged in clothing, electronics, textiles, foodstuffs, machinery, chemicals and metallurgy industries.  Some multinational corporations such as Motorola and Coca-Cola from the US, Samsung and Goldstar from Republic of Korea, IMI from the UK and, Yamaha and Yazaki Auto from Japan have also located in the zone.

Tianjin Port Bonded Zone(天津港保稅區): One of China's state-level bonded zones, was established in October 1991 near the port area. The Bonded Area is intended to become an international entreport trade centre in northern China.  Foreign goods in transit and imports for producing export goods are exempt from customs duties and import-export licensing.  Major industries include finance, information technology, property and warehousing

Tianjin New Technology Industrial Park(天津新技術產業園): This state-level new and high-tech development zone was set up in 1991.  Most of the enterprises operating in the Park are engaged in the manufacturing of electronics, instruments, computers, medical instruments and engineering technology.  Currently, there were over 300 foreign-invested high-tech enterprises with total investment of US$1.5 billion.


Consumers’ Market:

Tianjin's retail sales of consumer goods totalled RMB 73.7 billion in 2000.  Major commercial centres include Tianjin Quanye Bazaar(天津勸業場股份有限公司), Tianjin Department Store(天津百貨大樓), Tianjin Hualian Commercial Building (天津華聯商廈), Tianjin Jinyuanbao Commercial Building(天津市金元寶商廈)and Tianjin Market(天津商場).  There are four streets with distinguishing features in Tianjin named Nanshi Food Street, Nanshi Hotel Street, Old Culture Street and Clothing Street.  


Information Sources:


Information contained in this page was obtained from:

Hong Kong Trade Development Council (



Additional Information:

The Chamber is in the process of maintaining regular contact with organisations in the Tianjin.  Please contact us if you require additional information.



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