Ningxia is shown
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Regional Capital: Yinchuan, which was the capital of the Western Xia, who founded a kingdom
during the 11th century.
Average temperatures: -10 deg C to -7 deg C in January; 17 deg C
to 24 deg C in July.
Physical features: Land area is 66,400 square kilometres. A semi-arid, loess plateau occupies the
southern and eastern part of the province.
The Ningxia Plain in the north is formed along the Yellow River.
The Yellow River runs across the region from the
west to the northeast for 397 km and its basin, with its major tributary in
the region, covers nearly 75 per cent of Ningxia's total land area. The Qingshui
River occupies the centre of the southern portion of the province and flows
northward to the Yellow River.
Administrative divisions: 4 cities and 16 provinces.
Historical significance: Ningxia is the
largest residence in China for the Hui（回族）and they account for one third of the region's total population. Ningxia was made an autonomous region in
1958, as a result of the proportion of ethnic Hui. It was part of Gansu Province from 1954
to 1958. Other major ethnic groups
include Han（漢族）and Manchus（滿族）.
The region remained isolated until 1958,
when the Baotou-Lanzhou Railway was built.
The rail line enters the region from the western-most portion and
proceeds through to the northern-most portion.
The region is uninviting as a result of the cold
winters, hot summers and poor rainfall.
Most of the population live along irrigation channels that were first
established by the Han Dynasty during the 1st century BC. Little remains of that period except for
the channels. A museum in Yinchuan contains relics from the Western Xia and the
Northern Zhou, as well as items of Hui culture.
Notes: *In real terms
－ The Baolan Line（包蘭線: Baotou-Lanzhou 包頭－蘭州）and Baozhong Line（寶中線: Baoji-Zhongwei 寶雞－中衛）run across the region's
northwest area and the region has become an important part of the New
Asia-Europe Land Bridge （亞歐大陸橋）linking Asia with
Europe. In northern Ningxia, the
Pingluo-Rujigou（平羅－汝箕溝）feeder line of the Baolan
Line plays an important role in transporting Ningxia's coal to other provinces.
a new railway, Zongtai line（中太鐵路: Zongwei-Taiyuan 中衛－太原）linking the eastern and
western China is underway. The new
railway will start from Zhongwei in Ningxia and crosses Shaanxi and Shanxi.
Roadways － The region’s network of roads is centred on Yinchuan. This
links all counties, cities, key mining and industrial production bases in the
A new expressway in the central part of the region is planned. It is to be part of the road connection between Yinchuan and Wuhan, which, in turn, is part of the Great Western Development Strategy. Another expressway from Yinchuan to Qingdao is also under construction. Upon completion of the expressway, travel time by road from Yinchuan to Qingdao, the nearest seaport, will take only 14 hours.
Transport － The Yinchuan Hedong Airport（銀川河東機場）provides more than 8 air routes connecting Yinchuan with Beijing, Chengdu,
Chongqing, Guangzhou, Kunming,
Urumqi, Wuhan, Shenyang, Lanzhou and
other cities. Since the announcement of the Great Western Development
Strategy, Ningxia’s air transport is experiencing a major boom. More flights
and air routes has been established to accommodate this change.
Telecommunications －A major optical fibre cable connects Yinchuan with Beijing and Lanzhou. Another cable
connecting Shizuishan with Taiyuan in Shanxi Province is
under construction. Mobile phone and pager subscribers in the region reached
over 106,900 and 198,900 respectively at the end of 1999. In Yinchuan, there
were nearly 50,000 mobile phone users and the penetration rate ate was 8.5
per 100 persons by end of August 1999.
－ The region has more than 5 large and medium-sized power plants,
including three thermal power plants and the hydroelectric power station at
Qingtong Gorge（青銅峽）on the Yellow River. The Daba Power Plant（大霸電廠）with designed generation capacity of 2 million
kWh is under construction. More power
plants will be built in Shapotou（沙坡頭）and Daliushu（大柳樹）. The Shabotou power plant is one of the ten key projects in the
current Five-Year Plan.
Gas Supply － To accelerate the country's energy development
strategy in coming years, a major gas pipeline with total length of 4,200
kilometres will be built. The pipeline
will start from the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang and ends at
Shanghai, running through the provinces Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Anhui and Jiangsu
and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
Industrial production bases in the region are
located in the Yellow River basin along the Helan Mountain（賀蘭山）, mainly in Yinchuan, Qingtongxia（青銅峽）, Shizuishan and Wuzhong cities. The northern part of the Helan Mountain
Industrial Zone （賀蘭山工業區）is the region's major coal production base. .
This is the major development zone in Ningxia. It
enjoys similar preferential policies to those of the coastal ETDZs and open
cities. Overseas investors are
encouraged to invest in high-tech projects in the fields of machinery,
electronics, chemical products, textile, clothing and food processing
industries, pharmaceuticals, and other industry sectors.
stores and shopping centers in Ningxia include Xinghua Shopping Centre（新華購物中心）, Yinchuan Department Store（銀川百貨大樓）, Ningxia Hualian Commercial
Building（寧廈華聯商廈）, Yinchuan Xincheng
Department Store （銀川新城百貨大樓）, Yinchuan Commercial City（銀川商城）, Xinhua Department Store（新華百貨商店）and Yinchuan Lihua Chain
Store Co.（銀川麗華連鎖總公司）. Wuzhong Zhaoyang Business
Center（吳忠朝陽商場）. Shizuishan People’s
The city lies near a number of lakes that
are part of the Yellow River Basin.
The river flows northward to the east and east of that is the Ordos
Desert. The Helan Mountains are to the
northwest. The position is therefore
favourable, given the somewhat undesirable features of the surrounding land.
Shizuishan is at the northern tip of the
autonomous region, about 65 kilometres from Yinchuan. It lies at the edge of the plain and the
start of the Helan Mountains. Industry
is based mainly on mining.
Wuzhong is near the southern extreme of the
northern industrial region, about 55 kilometres from Yichuan. It is south of the Yellow River and in the
plain that extends to the Ordos Desert to the east. It is the centre of a number of small
cities and county-level towns for which rural activities dominate.
In 2000, the city of Wuzhong officially
incorporated the city of Qingtongxia, as well as the
following counties: Litong, Zhongwei, Zhongning, Ningwu, Yanchi, and
Tongxin. All data therefore show a
substantial increase and percentage changes have no comparative value.
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